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Cyprus

A. UN Convention status

A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention

The Republic of Cyprus signed the UN Convention on 30 March 2007 and ratified the Convention on the 27 June 2011. The Bill for the ratification of the Convention was approved by the Council of Ministers on 2 December 2010 and submitted to the House of Representatives. The ratification law for both the Convention and the Optional Protocol was approved on 4 March 2011. The Convention entered into force for the Republic of Cyprus from 27 July 2011.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol

The Republic of Cyprus signed the Optional Protocol of the UN Convention on 30 March 2007 and ratified the Optional Protocol on 27 June 2011. The Bill for the ratification of the Convention was approved by the Council of Ministers on 2 December 2010 and submitted to the House of Representatives. The ratification law for both the Convention and the Optional Protocol was approved on 4 March 2011. The Optional Protocol has entered into force for the Republic of Cyprus from 27 July 2011.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections

A reservation on Article 27 of the UN CRPD has been registered as follows: ‘Whereas the Persons with Disabilities Law, as this has been harmonised with the Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation, prescribes in section 3A thereof that the said Law shall not apply as regards employment: (a) to the armed forces, to the extent that the nature of the work requires special abilities which cannot be exercised by persons with disabilities, and (b) to occupational activities where by reason of the nature or the context in which they are carried out, a characteristic or an ability which is not possessed by a person with a disability, constitutes a genuine and determining occupational requirement, provided that the objective is legitimate and the requirement is proportionate, taking into account the possibility of adopting reasonable measures, the Republic of Cyprus declares that it ratifies the Convention with a reservation in respect of Article 27(1) of the Convention, to the extent that the provisions thereof are in conflict with the provisions of section 3A of the Persons with Disabilities Law.’

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

A4. Comprehensive review

No “comprehensive review” of existing legislation has been undertaken in preparation for implementation of the UN Convention. The concluding observations for Cyprus of the UN CRPD Committee of April 2017 (Part III, Section A, paragraphs 5 and 6) specifically identify the lack of such review and suggest that all laws and policies of the Republic of Cyprus are reviewed for harmonization to the UN CRPD articles. This is also verified by the recent report of the Independent Monitoring UN CRPD Mechanism (Ombudsman’s office).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

A5. Focal point

According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities has been nominated as the focal point for the Republic of Cyprus for the implementation of the UN Convention according to article 33.1.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

A6. Coordination mechanism

According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the coordinating mechanism to facilitate actions for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities, which operates in the framework of the Persons with Disabilities Law. The role of the Council is to consult the government as to the formulation, monitoring and implementation of social policies for persons with disabilities. The Chairman of the Council is the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance and its members are representatives of co-responsible for disability issues Ministries, Organisations of persons with disabilities, social partners (trade unions and organisations of employers) as well as independent persons. The Cyprus Confederation of Organizations of the Disabled is recognized as the Social Partner of the State on matters that directly or indirectly related to disability (Law 143(I)/2006). The Confederation is member of the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities and it was actively involved during the discussions for the implementation of Article 33 of the UN Convention. The coordinating mechanism is administratively supported by the focal point (i.e. the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities).

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

A7. Independent mechanism

According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the Ombudsman and Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights, being also the Equality Authority in Cyprus, has been nominated as the independent mechanism for the promotion, protection and monitoring of the UN Convention according to Article 33.2 of the Convention, namely Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

A8. Official reporting

In July 2013 the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities published the First Report of Cyprus on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which was submitted to the UN in August 2013. The purpose of this Report was to record and describe under every article of the Convention, the current laws, policies and activities in Cyprus, that satisfy the rights of persons with disabilities and the implementation of the requirements of the Convention. A parallel purpose was to identify the weaknesses and the gaps that exist in the present situation, in comparison to the desired results that are set by the Convention, in order to design and promote any necessary further actions, through the formulation of the first National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus, starting with the three years period of 2013-2015. In addition, a Core Document with general information was also published in July 2013. The document provides information about the demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of people with disabilities in Cyprus, information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and finally discusses issues of human rights. A list of Issues in relation to the initial report of Cyprus was published by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in October 2016, identifying general and specific gaps in national legislation harmonisation with the UN CRPD, in steps taken for regulations amendments and measures taken to ensure implementation of the National Disability Plan 2013-2015. Cyprus replied to this list of issues in January 2017 and the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the initial report of Cyprus were published in April 2017. A number of areas of concern and recommendations are identified in this report, on both general and specific rights. In General issues the most important ones note that Cyprus national legislation has not fully incorporated a human rights-based approach to disability in line with the Convention, in particular its articles 1 and 3. the Committee urges Cyprus to adopt and implement a human rights-based approach to disability and to review all laws and policies accordingly in collaboration with representative organisations of persons with disabilities in line with article 4 (3) of the Convention.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

A9. Shadow reporting

In August 2016 the Pancyprian Alliance for Disability submitted an alternative report as the First Civil Society Report on the Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in Cyprus. The Pancyprian Alliance for Disability was founded in December 2015, with the purpose of participating in the review of the State Report on the implementation of the UN CRPD in Cyprus and of preparing this Alternative Report for submission to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Alliance is comprised of 20 organisations representing a wide range of persons with disabilities and their families in Cyprus. The organisations involved made a strong effort to build their arguments with extensive consideration of all persons with disabilities, and to deliver a well-balanced account of issues to ensure equal participation. In general the Alliance holds the opinion that the National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus for the implementation of the CRPD does not actually represent a satisfactory implementation of the CRPD’s goals and principles. In February 2017, the Alliance submitted an additional report in response to the List of Issues of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in relation to the initial report of Cyprus that aims to provide the Committee with additional information on the implementation status of the UN CRPD in Cyprus. In general, in this report the Alliance highlights that the Cyprus Government is still reluctant to adopt, amend and implement legislation in line with the CRPD and that a great majority of the legal framework remains in many respects incompatible with the CRPD. For the preparation of these two reports, during 2013 the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations and the Committee for the Protection of the Rights of People with Intellectual Disabilities prepared their own Opinion Documents regarding the First Report of Cyprus for the Implementation of the UN CRPD, prepared by the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Both bodies expressed their considerations and highlighted points of disagreement and suggestions in relation to particular Articles of the Report as well as for the National Disability Action Plan. These documents were forwarded to the Monitoring and Coordinating Mechanisms, i.e. the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities and the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities. In addition, the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations organised a 'Workshop Opening Process of Preparation of the Shadow Report on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of Cyprus', on 19 December 2015, aiming at finalising the preparation of the shadow report, by starting with the analysis of the articles of the Convention, with the participation of all disability organisations in the country. The results of the workshop will be announced on the Confederation's website. These efforts and involvement of the disability organisations resulted in the establishment of the Pancyprian Alliance for Disability in 2015.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

B. General legal framework

B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

The People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) legitimises disabled people’s rights. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and it safeguards disabled people’s inclusion in social community life and employment. According to the 2000 People with Disabilities Law (127(I)/2000), disability is described as any kind of insufficiency or impairment which causes permanent or long lasting bodily, intellectual or mental restriction to the person and, taking into consideration her personal history and other elements of the person, substantially reduces or excludes the possibility to perform one or more activities or functions which are considered natural and substantial for the quality of life of each person of the same age, who does not experience such insufficiency or impairment. The basic rights of disabled people recorded in the 2000 People with Disabilities Law (127(I)/2000) are: early identification and treatment; provision of personal support; accessibility in the built environment; educational integration; accessibility in information and communication, vocational training and rehabilitation; decent living conditions; establishment of personal and family life and participation in cultural, social, sports, religious and entertainment activities. In addition, the Combating of Racism and Other Discrimination (Commissioner) Law of 2004 (42 (I) / 2004) provides for the protection against discrimination in the grounds of race, community, language, colour, religion, political or other opinion, and national or ethnic origin, disability, age and sexual orientation.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

B2. Recognition of legal capacity

The Proof Law of 1989, Chapter 9 regulates the capacity of people with disabilities to act as a witness in court and take part in other legal procedures. According to this law, people with hearing or expression difficulties who are called to witness in legal procedures have the right to give their testimony in writing or through sign language. According to the same law, all persons can participate in legal procedures unless the court believes that they have serious difficulty (such as intellectual disability) which may hinder their participation in legal procedures. In addition, according to the Law on the Rights of Mentally Retarded of 1989 'legal capacity' of people with intellectual disabilities is decided by the competent court of justice in cases where this is requested by relatives, institutions or other involved agents.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

B3. Accessibility of voting and elections

Assistance during voting is provided to disabled people under the provisions of the amending Laws N.107(I)/1992 and N.108(I)/1992 , of The Law on Election of Members of the House of Representatives Act of 1979 (72/1979) and The Elections (of the President and Vice-President of the Republic) Laws 1959 to 1998 (37/1959), respectively. These amendments safeguard the right of people with visual impairment and people who cannot vote independently, to vote with the support of another person, while their vote is kept confidential. The legislation safeguards their right to vote with the help of an assistant of their choice or to ask for assistance from the state officials who are responsible for the elections.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-01

B4. Official recognition of sign language

Sign language is recognised as an official language by the Recognition of the Sign Language Act of 2006 (N.66(I)/2006).

Links

Update date: Mon, 2012-12-03

B5. National disability strategy and action plan

In July 2013 the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities published the First National Disability Action Plan 2013-2015, for the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. As stated in the document the purpose of the first National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus is to promote the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons with disabilities without discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability. The National Action Plan identifies eight Thematic Areas, considered as priorities for Cyprus. Each Thematic Area is monitored by the corresponding Thematic Technical Committee. These are presented with the main articles of the UN Convention each one relates, as follows:

  1. Technical Committee on Equality, Non-Discrimination, Awareness and Statistics (Articles 5,8,31),
  2. Technical Committee on Accessibility of the Physical and Building Environment (Articles 9,30)
  3. Technical Committee on Accessibility of Transportation (Article 9)
  4. Technical Committee on Information Accessibility (Articles 9, 21)
  5. Technical Committee on Independent Living, Social Inclusion, Mobility and Social Protection (Articles 19, 20, 28, 30)
  6. Technical Committee on Education and Vocational Training (Articles 24, 26)
  7. Technical Committee on Health and Rehabilitation (Articles 25, 26), and
  8. Technical Committee on Employment (Article 27).

The National Action Plan describes specific planned actions with the competent implementing entity, timetable and expected results for each one of the Thematic Areas.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2016-03-21

C. Accessibility

C1. Transport accessibility

Public transportation area is under continuous development in Cyprus. The provisions of Articles 2 and 3 of the EU Directive 2001/85/EC, relating to special provisions for vehicle used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than 8 seats in addition to the driver’s seat, regulates the accessibility of persons with disability to vehicles and especially to buses and coaches and generally to vehicles for more than 8 passengers. The Minister of Communications and Public Works, under the power vested in him by Article 7 of the Approval of the Type of Vehicles Law 2005, issued the Buses and Coaches Order for harmonisation purpose with the above Directive. The Order was issued in the form of Regulations (525/2003) and provides that the technical specifications and requirements of manufacture and the technical monitoring for the granting of approval of the type, regarding buses and coaches are those specified in the above EU Directive. Also, Article 7 of Persons with Disabilities Law of 2000 refers to the obligation of public transportation to meet the technical specifications and requirements that are set out in Buses and Coaches Order regarding the entry and mobility of persons with disabilities. According to Article 4 of the People with Disabilities Law of 2000, disabled people have the right to accessible public transportation and other transportation means. In the last two years, the Republic of Cyprus have subsidised public transport companies for mass purchases of fully accessible new buses. The Design Bureau (Ministry of Communications and Works) is involved in pilot programmes and is taking important initiatives for the improvement of accessibility and transportation for disabled people. The Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities operates two schemes relevant to the transportation of people with disabilities. The first scheme offers funding and the right to buy a tax free car to certain groups of disabled people. The second scheme provides funding for the transportation needs of particular groups of people with disabilities. In relation to standards, the Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

C2. Built environment accessibility

Regulation 61 of the Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 sets accessibility standards for newly built buildings (after 1999) or buildings modified after 1999 in order to safeguard accessibility for all disabled people. According to the regulations, all public buildings must follow the standards for becoming accessible to all disabled people. More specifically the regulations apply to:

  • all public buildings and/or buildings used by the public;
  • shopping centres;
  • buildings that hold shops and / or office premises;
  • blocks of residences with five or more residence units and / or in buildings with more than five required parking places;
  • educational institutions including students' accommodation buildings, sports centres and swimming pools;
  • clinics, medical and rehabilitation or other diagnostic centres;
  • industrial buildings with an area of greater than 600m² or with more than ten employees, as well as in group of labs of which the total area is greater than 600m²;
  • in any other building for which the responsible authority decides that this regulation should apply.

There is no time scale for the implementation of this Law. The Department of Building and Housing (Department of Urban Planning) is responsible for the monitoring of implementation of this regulation of the Law. The Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

C3. ICT and Web accessibility

There are no specific legislative or regulatory measures regarding Web accessibility for public or private websites in Cyprus. Two national e-accessibility strategies (E-Inclusion and Digital Strategy of Cyprus), which aim to promote ICT and web accessibility standards. In education, assistive technology is available to students under the general provisions of the N13(I) of 1999 Education for Children with Special Needs Law (article 17.2) and the corresponding Regulations (Reg. 186/2001, article 49.1), which set out the provision of necessary equipment and new technology. These two strategies indirectly include and provide for assistive technology for children with disabilities in the public schools. With regards to other technology services, Article 8 of Persons with Disabilities Law of 2000, generally sets out obligations on the field of telecommunication and information. The relevant disability provisions in Directive 2007/65/EC concerning the pursuit of television and broadcasting activities was transposed in the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Law and the Radio and Television Laws of 1998 to 2011 (N.7(I)/1998). Applicable provisions for all audiovisual media services are provided in Chapter IIA of the Directive. Article 3c of this chapter encourages the media service providers under their jurisdiction to ensure that their services are gradually made accessible to people with a visual or hearing disability. This article was harmonized in Article 30B of the Radio and Television Laws of 1998 to 2011. In addition, Article 30e (c) (ii) of the Laws provides that audiovisual commercial communications shall not include or promote any discrimination on the basis of disability. Article 113 of the Public Electronic Communications and Postal Services Law of 2004 (Law 112 (I) / 2004), regarding telecommunication facilities at the national level, provides that persons with mobility disability are beneficiaries of exemption from the fixed charges for one mobile telephone, landline and the internet (Article 30B). Deaf persons are afforded certain facilities with regards to the fax. Persons with visual disability are also exempted from the charges incurred when they call the directory service of the Cyprus Telecommunications Authority (CYTA) for information. Articles 8.2 and 4 of the EU Directives 2002/21/EC, for electronic communications networks and services, have been transposed into national Regulations (Reg. 258/2006 and Reg. 259/2006). The national regulatory authorities shall promote competition in the provision of electronic communications networks, electronic communications services and associated facilities and services by ensuring that disabled users derive maximum benefit in terms of choice, price, and quality (article 8.2). The national regulatory authorities shall promote the interests of the citizens of the European Union by addressing the needs of specific social groups, in particular disabled users (article 8.4). The Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility. Cyprus has signed but not yet ratified the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D. Independent living

D1. Choice of living arrangements

Disabled people have the right to decide about their living arrangements, although in some cases other stakeholders are involved in making this choice. For example, adults with intellectual disabilities and severe emotional difficulties (mental health difficulties) often live in institutions, in old people’s homes or with their families, as a result of decisions taken for them. A small number of people with intellectual disabilities live in the ‘houses in the community’. Most of the policies of independent or supported living for disabled people are under the same umbrella as policies for older adults. The right of disabled people to independent living is generally addressed in the People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000), which is the most important piece of legislation in Cyprus regarding disabled people’s rights. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and safeguards disabled people’s rights to independent living and inclusion in social community life and employment. Apart from this general piece of legislation, there is specific legislation for accommodation, housing and the provision of care for disabled people or people from other vulnerable groups. The Housing for Elder and Disabled People Law of 1991 (N. 222/91 to N. 64(I)/1994) is relevant to disabled people’s accommodation. This law legitimises the establishment and functioning of private settings for older or disabled people. According to this law, these settings are expected to provide accommodation to more than five individuals and they are regulated through state inspection. Another piece of legislation is the Adult Centres Law (N. 38(I)/97) of 1997 which legitimises the establishment of day centres aiming to provide food, clothing, entertainment and access to other activities any time during the day. In addition, the Social Welfare Services of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance provides support services of care and housing to older people and people with disabilities, in order to avoid institutionalisation and improve living in own social environment, which include: (a) Daily care programme, that provides an opportunity for elderly people or people with disabilities to be served by the Housing for Older People or Housing for Adults centres during the day services. Adult Centres, which are operated by Community Welfare Councils and are subsidised through the Government Grants Scheme, provide elderly and disabled people with several services during the day, such as food, laundry, employment, entertainment, etc. (b) Institutionalised/residential care that is provided for people who need constant care and whose needs cannot be met by their families, nor by support services offered in the environment in which they live.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D2. De-institutionalisation

De-institutionalisation is currently the stated policy of the Cypriot state. However, de-institutionalisation is quite problematic as there are no set structures for transition from institutions to community life. For example, adults with severe intellectual disabilities and/or mental health problems who have completed their treatment in a hospital or in an institution are expected to move to old people’s homes. This placement is considered a type of transitional accommodation which will lead to independent living or the return of the person to the family home. There is no indication of the degree of choice of people with mental health problems about where they move after the institution. The Safeguarding and Protecting the Rights of Patients and Related Issues Law of 2005 (N. 1(Ι) 2005) legitimises the rights of people who are treated in medical institutions and applies to people with mental health problems.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D3. Quality of social services

There are no mechanisms to ensure the quality of community based assistance and services and their impact on quality of life. The state, via the Social Welfare Services of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, offers three types of support to elderly and disabled people; home care, day care and institutional care. Home care is offered to people who have extremely low income and thus, they are already recipients of guaranteed minimum income. It involves cleaning services and help with shopping or other activities. Day care is provided in day centres which are maintained by the Social Welfare Councils or by the municipalities and are often funded by the state. People visiting the day centres are entitled to food and clothing and they participate in entertainment activities. State institutional care is co-ordinated by the Social Welfare Services and other institutions belonging to the private sector. The Social Welfare Services register and inspect private and community homes for elderly and disabled people and their carers, according to the Housing for Elder and Disabled People Law of 1991 (N. 222/91 to N. 64(I)/1994) to ensure a good level of service. The Social Welfare Services provide residential care to state residences. They also grant alimony in approved Community and private Houses and in houses of approved carers.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D4. Provision of assistive devices at home

There are several schemes aiming to facilitate disabled people’s lives by providing them with necessary assistive devices. For example, the Financial Assistance for Technical Equipment Scheme is intended for disabled people who need technical means for their autonomy at the workplace and at home, including assistive devices (and technology). This is a national scheme targeting Cypriot disabled people. According to the scheme, eligible applicants are entitled to funding up to 80% (and sometimes 100%) of the total cost of assistive devices, given that the amount falls within the amount set by the evaluation committee which is published in the list of maximum funding level per assistive device. The technical means belong to the disabled person but it is expected that any unused equipment is returned to the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities for loan to other individuals, under the scheme for Loan of Technical Means. In addition the Department holds two schemes for the provision and loan of wheelchairs.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes

The personal assistance allowance is under the provisions of the Social Welfare Services (SWS), and more specifically is a part of Public Assistance as this is provided by the Public/Social Assistance and Services Law 95(I) 2006. Personal assistance is offered in various ways based on the needs of the individual who applies for public assistance. These may include: carers employed by the Social Welfare Services, and carers from the private sector (either Cypriot or from abroad) paid by a public allowance provided to the individual. Personal home care services include help with: personal hygiene, house cleaning, laundry, health services/hospital escort, other responsibilities (e.g. bill payments, shopping etc.), as well as training of family members at home and support for work done by family members. However, the personal assistance allowance is gradually replaced by the Guaranteed Minimum Income, introduced by the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance and passed as The Guaranteed Minimum Income and generally the Social Benefits Act of 2014, on 10 July 2014, from the House of Representatives.
In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities offers personal assistance schemes specifically to people with paraplegia and quadriplegia namely the Care Allowances for Quadriplegics and Paraplegics. These groups of people with disabilities are excluded from the Public Assistance Allowance. People with visual impairments working in the civil service are entitled to a personal assistant, and are also entitled to a specific funding scheme for people with visual impairment. Also, there is a scheme for financial assistance to the organisations of persons with disabilities for a hiring social assistant to accompany their members in hospitals, public services, shopping, sport and recreation activities etc.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2017-09-13

D6. Income maintenance

In July 2014, The Guaranteed Minimum Income (GMI) and Generally the Social Benefits Act of 2014 came into force, which safeguards a minimum living status for every family under particular criteria, including individuals with disabilities. The Social Assistance and Services Law of 2006 (N.95(Ι)/2006) sets out the criteria for individuals who are eligible for public assistance allowance and for those who are entitled to social services (recently changed to Guaranteed Minimum Income provision and legislation). All kinds of pensions received from the social insurance fund are considered as income for the purposes of the eligibility criteria for the GMI. Disabled people are entitled to the disability pension, which consists of the basic pension and the supplementary pension. The disability pension for less than 100% disability is paid proportionally to a percentage. However, if the disabled person is considered permanently incapable to work, the disability pension is always equivalent to that paid for 100% disability. An allowance for constant care is payable for beneficiaries of a disability pension requiring constant care and is equal to 55% of the basic disability pension for full (100%) disability. The disability pension may be claimed until the age of 63 (no minimum age is stated). In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities offers the severe motor disability allowance and care allowance for paraplegic and quadriplegic persons. Persons with severe motor disabilities are entitled to a monthly allowance which aims to provide financial assistance for their additional needs. The Provision of Special Allowance to Blind Persons Law of 2011 (11(I)/2011) provides a monthly allowance to blind persons from the Department for Social inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. In 2013 some of the funding schemes have changed due to the financial crisis and in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding with the Troika. These include: reduction of the allowance for the provision of a disability car, abolition of the subsidisation of vacations schemes for persons with disabilities and reduction of a number of benefits included in the Social Assistance and Services Law (such as Christmas and Easter Allowances).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

D7. Additional costs

There are some schemes to promote employment or cover additional costs, such as schemes for mobility (transportation) allowance, allowance for the provision of a disability car, financial assistance for the purchase of a wheelchair, schemes for wheelchair loans and financial assistance for the provision of technical means and other aids. These allowances are paid by the state. Each scheme requires a distinct application process and eligible applicants are allocated the stated funding. In 2013 some of the funding schemes have changed due to the financial crisis and in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding with the Troika. These include: reduction in the Allowance for the Provision of a Disability Car, abolition of the Subsidisation of Vacations Schemes for Persons with Disabilities and reduction of a number of benefits included in the Social Assistance and Services Law (such as Christmas and Easter Allowances). In addition, for 2014 the Memorandum imposes the abolition of the social cohesion benefits (which also affect the allowances of people with disability) which will take effect from 1 January 2014, the main change of which includes the Guaranteed Minimum Income.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-06-02

D8. Retirement income

People with disabilities are entitled to retirement pension if they have been entitled to the disability pension immediately before reaching the age of 63, or if they are between the ages of 63 and 65 and they are entitled to a disability pension. The Memorandum of Understanding on Specific Economic Policy Conditionality includes measures to ensure that total annual public pension benefits shall not exceed 50% of the annual pensionable salary earned at the time of retirement, which affects disabled people's entitlement to the retirement pension, but not the disability pension itself.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

E. Education

E1. Special schools

The Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N.113(I)/1999) legitimises special schooling as an option for disabled children who cannot be educated in a mainstream school. Children go through an assessment procedure and regional Committees for Special Education recommend either placement in a special or mainstream school. Parents of disabled children have the right to appeal a decision about placement in a special school.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2016-03-21

E2. Mainstream schools

The Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N.113(I)/1999) legitimises the integration of disabled children into mainstream schools. The most important features of the law are: (a) the statement that integration should be the rule and special schooling the exception ; (b) the introduction of the term ‘special needs’; (c) state responsibility for special education provision between the ages of three and 18 years with an extension of education up to 21 years where it is deemed necessary; (d) the recruitment of Special Educational Needs Coordinators; (e) the establishment of an assessment procedure and; (f) the right of parents to participate in the assessment procedure and appeal when necessary. The overall structure of the Law creates a special education mechanism controlled by the Ministry of Education and Culture. In particular, it sets out the criteria for the establishment of special schools (Part II); the formation of Regional Committees of Special Education (Part III); the identification of children with special needs through a set assessment procedure (Part IV); the provision of special education in general and in special schools (Part V); the formation of a Council of Special Education (Part VI); and the formation of a Departmental Committee of Special Education (Part VII).

Links

Update date: Mon, 2016-03-21

E3. Sign language and Braille in school

Children have the right to learn Braille or sign language in mainstream schools. Children can also learn Braille or sign language in the School for the Blind or in the School for the Deaf. The Recognition of the Cyprus Sign Language Law of 2006 (66 (I) / 2006) suggests that a new legislation should be established in order to introduce Sign Language as one of the optional languages taught in school. However there is now specific legislation to safeguarding sign language and Braille teaching and use in schools. Nevertheless, the Regulations for the Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (Reg. 186/2001), ensures that disabled children are examined in ways that respect their communication needs (e.g. to change a written test into Braille).

Links

Update date: Wed, 2017-09-13

E4. Vocational training

Currently, there are no specific laws regarding non-discrimination on behalf of vocational training providers, other than the general non-discrimination Law (People with Disabilities Law of 2000). Support regarding vocational training falls within the scopes of the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities, which used to offer training in areas that have traditionally been considered to facilitate disabled people’s employment (e.g. carpentering, gardening, etc.). Funding of the centre is under the provisions of the Special Fund for the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities Act 2000 (103(I)/2000), and the Budget for the Special Fund for the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities Act (latest 2017) which is assigned every year. However in 2015 the Centre was closed down, though it still exists in paper as an association, and the Legislation about its budget has not yet been abolished. In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with disabilities launched a vocational training scheme to enhance and diversify the training opportunities for persons with disabilities. The scheme was offered for two years and provided additional and more advanced training opportunities than the ones offered by the Centre for The Vocational Rehabilitation of Disabled People (that recently closed). This is achieved by funding training costs at relevant institutions and providing employment and career advancement opportunities for people with disabilities. People with disabilities have also the opportunity to attend around 50 classes (including vocational educational classes) at 'The adult education centres', which are offered free of charge for disadvantaged groups of people including people with disabilities. The Department also holds schemes for the enhancement of vocational training and experience for people with disabilities which include the Scheme for the creation and operation of small units for self-employment purposes, the Vocational Training Scheme and the Supported Employment Scheme (indirect vocational rehabilitation). An additional policy measure towards the improvement of Vocational Education and Training (VET), was the restructuring of Upper Secondary and Secondary Technical and Vocational Education (STVE) and the introduction of the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training (PSITVE), which are implemented though ESF funding, after the Council of Ministers decision in February 2012, and attracted the interest of young people with disabilities. In addition, the Cyprus Authority for Human Resources Development offers number of programmes for the apprenticeship of the Unemployed and Newcomers in Labour Market, which indirectly consider people with disabilities, especially those referring to GMI beneficiaries.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

E5. Higher education

The universities’ disability policy and practice is based on the current legislation of the Ministry of Education and Culture (N13(I) of 1999 Education Law) and the provisions of the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Additionally, the universities have their own regulations as internal policy. The Pancyprian University Entry Examinations Law (N.22(I)/2006) legitimises disabled candidates’ rights during the Pancyprian University Entry Examinations, which apply for all state universities. For example, this law safeguards their right to use individual equipment during the exam. Other accommodations are also made, according to the candidate’s disability-related needs. Each university follows its own policy for encouraging disabled students’ support throughout their studies. These include some provisions for physical (mobility) and cognitive (facilitations in exams, i.e. personal assistants) accessibility, as well as access to mainstream technology. The University of Cyprus, the oldest state university of Cyprus, developed the ‘Regulations for Additional Positions for Students Belonging in Special Categories’. According to the Regulations, 6% of all undergraduate positions are allocated to disabled people or people with other problems. Entry for these applicants is subject to ‘special criteria’, which means that these students may be allowed lower attainment in entry examinations compared with other applicants. Furthermore, decisions about placement are subject to the availability of positions, and applicants may be offered placement in a department that was not their preferred choice. Once students are enrolled in any programme of studies, they may attend preparatory seminars offered by the Centre of Teaching and Learning of the University of Cyprus. These seminars prepare the learners to develop skills for studying at the University level (i.e. skills for academic writing, presentation, library use etc.). Disabled students are eligible for individualised support offered by the University (personal assistants). Other private universities have established their own regulations to support students with disabilities, each under the provisions of the Student Welfare and Special Educational Needs Unit for Students.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

F. Employment

F1. Non-discrimination in employment

The People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) legitimises disabled people’s rights, including their rights in employment. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and it safeguards disabled people’s inclusion in social-community life and employment. Regarding employment, the Act legitimises equal treatment in the procedure of applying for a job, hiring, promoting, firing, compensating and other terms and privileges concerning employment. It also encourages the development of vocational rehabilitation programmes to motivate prospective employers of disabled people and the establishment of new work positions for disabled people in the civil service. The Act clearly forbids any kind of direct or indirect discrimination in all areas related to employment and working conditions.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2012-12-03

F2. Public employment services

Public Employment Services, under the Department of Labour, provide employment advice and support services to disabled people in mainstream employment. The Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in the Wider Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law of 2009 (N.146(I)/2009) stipulates that persons with disabilities shall be hired in employment positions in the wider public sector and shall cover 10% of the number of vacancies, provided that the number of persons with disabilities hired under this Law shall not exceed 7% of the total number of employees per Service on 31 December of the preceding year of each recruitment procedure, or in the case of Educational Service, on 1 September of the preceding year of each recruitment procedure, and, provided that the persons with disabilities fulfil cumulatively a certain number of predefined objective requirements. The Appointment of Trained Blind Telephone Operators in the Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law of 1988 (N. 17/1988) provides that persons with visual disability have exclusive priority for appointment to all posts of telephone operators in the public sector. The same Law provides that in case of lack of qualified candidates with visual disability, the appointing boards or authorities will prefer candidates with any other disability.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

F3. Workplace adaptations

The general principles outlining reasonable accommodation in the workplace are legitimised by the People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000, amendment 2007) and provides for flexible work arrangements which specifies that the equality treatment authority should be applied by referring to the relevant EU direction. Also the UN CRPD ratification law clearly provides for reasonable accommodations (including flexible working arrangements). In addition adaptations on the built environment of the workplace are under the provisions of The Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 (Reg. 61.H) and the guidelines of the Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability. The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities runs the ’Financial assistance for technical equipment and other assistive means scheme‘, which finances personal equipment for disabled people on an individual basis.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

F4. Financial incentives

The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities runs specific employment schemes that provide financial incentives for the employment of disabled workers in the open labour market. These programmes are:

  • scheme for supported employment: under which individuals with severe disabilities are employed in the open market with the support of a carer/support staff;
  • scheme for the development of small units for self-employment of people with disabilities: aims to increase motivation of people with disabilities to create their own employment units and to be integrated in the labour market. It provides a total funding of up to EUR 8,543.01 to individuals with disabilities (of 16-63 years of age) who cannot afford any type of self-employment, with a priority given to people with severe disabilities and/or with intellectual disabilities;

In addition, the Department of Labour of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance holds a Scheme for the Provision for Incentives for the Employment of People with Disabilities. The scheme is disability specific within the National Strategy of Social Policy 2014-2020, and it aims to encourage employers to employ people with disabilities and combat reluctance to do so either due to the view that disabled people are not productive or they are more costly to employ. Also, the Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in Wider Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law (N. 146(I)/2009) is an important piece of legislation introducing a hiring quota of 10% of disabled people in the public sector. In summary, this law concerns disabled people who have an impairment that reduces the possibility of their finding and maintaining a job. Applicants are expected to hold all the necessary qualifications for the job, to pass any written or oral exams required for the job and to be able to respond to the duties entailed in the job. The process, as defined by the law, necessitates that the applicants go through a committee set up by the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities that is expected to assess their disability and their suitability for executing the duties of the specific post. Following this, all the applicants are shortlisted and eligible persons with disabilities are recruited to the 10% of the posts available. Disabled people who are appointed to work for the public sector are entitled to assistive technology equipment and other arrangements that will facilitate their work. The Department of Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities is responsible for the implementation of the law. It is also expected to assess its impact and keep all the organisations informed (the Council of Ministers, the Houses of Parliament and the Cyprus Confederation of Organisations of Disabled People). Employment of People with Disabilities in the Private Sector, based on which private companies are funded with 75% of the annual employee cost (max. EUR 15,000 annually) for the first 24 months of employment. The scheme has been applied from 29 September 2009 to 30 June 2014 (application deadline was set on 31 December 2010), with a total budget of EUR 1 000 000. The initial aim was to employ 120 individuals with disabilities.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

G. Statistics and data collection

G1. Official research

The Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities (i.e. the Ombudsman and Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights, being also the Equality Authority in Cyprus), is the independent mechanism for the promotion, protection and monitoring of the UN Convention. Hence, the authority undertakes research on disability equality and collects data for monitoring the implementation of the UN CRPD in Cyprus. This type of official research aims to examine matters relating to violations of the principle of equal treatment or human rights violations under the Convention, on its own initiative or upon the receipt of individual or group complaints. The Independent Authority may, furthermore, conduct investigations of matters pertaining to the Convention, organise awareness-raising campaigns and promote the protection and entrenchment of the rights of persons with disabilities in general. In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities holds the responsibility of the focal point for the Republic of Cyprus for the implementation of the UN Convention and is also expected to undertake research on disability equality and to conduct surveys regarding disabled people in Cyprus. Together with the first Report of Cyprus for the Implementation of the UN CRPD, in 2013 the department published a Core Document with general information that completes the initial report and provides information about the demographic, economic, social and cultural situation of people with disabilities in Cyprus, information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and finally discusses the issues of human rights. The Department has also developed the new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health of the World Health Organisation. It is expected that the system will enable the collection of statistics and the development of indicators related to the application of the Convention, by creating a National Register of Disabled People.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

G2. Census data

The Cyprus Statistical Service is the national Census agency for data collection in different areas. No disability specific statistics are available on the website of the Cyprus Statistical Service. Disability is not included in the Demographic Report of 2015, which is the latest available completed Demographic Report in Cyprus. With respect to the latest statistical data of the Cyprus Statistical Service related to the population and social conditions, students with disabilities are included in the Statistics in the Education Report (2013/2014). Also, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities reports statistical data on the number of social funding schemes' recipients, available in the Department’s Annual Reports. In July 2013, The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities published a Core Document with general information on demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of people with disabilities in Cyprus, as well as information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and discusses human rights issues. The Department has recently implemented a new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health of the World Health Organisation. It is expected that the new system will provide updated information to all public services related to persons with disabilities. It will thereby provide information on the number, nature and degree of disability and the needs and capabilities of each person so that each person will be given adequate support. It also will enable the collection of statistics and the development of indicators related to the application of the Convention, by creating a National Register of People with Disabilities.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

G3. Labour Force Survey

The annual Labour Force Surveys are prepared by the Cyprus Statistical Service. The Labour Force Survey of 2013 identified people with disabilities under the general groups of people with part-time employment, where 'incapability or disability' was reported as one of the reasons for part-time employment. In the latest LFS data of 2017 people with disabilities are not identified, and no latest report is yet available. In the attached questionnaires for the LFS in 2016, disability is requested/identified under the possible reasons of unemployment, part-time employment or absence (own illness, injury or (temporary) disability). Statistical data of the LFS report (Labour Statistics 2012) regarding people with disabilities mainly refers to statistics about retirement pensions (disablement pension) and statistics about reasons for professional status (part-time, self-employed, employee or unemployed). Finally, no categories of people with disabilities are included in the Labour Force Survey data of the second trimester of 2015 currently available.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2017-06-05

G4. Disability equality indicators

There are no disability equality indicators based on public data sources.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2012-12-03

H. Awareness and external action

H1. Awareness raising programs

The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities as well as the Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities (Office of the Ombudsman and Commission for the Protection and Human Rights) are responsible for raising public awareness of the equality and rights of disabled people. Seminars, day events, round tables, presentations and various publications are organised from time to time for this purpose.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2017-06-05

H2. Training for teachers

Disability awareness/equality issues are a compulsory part of initial teacher training programs for pre-primary and primary school teachers. For example, a number of public and private universities (e.g. the University of Cyprus (public university) and the European University Cyprus (private university) offer compulsory courses on the introduction to Special/Inclusive Education addressed to pre-primary and primary school student-teachers, as well as elective courses in specialisation classes. Similarly, universities also offer postgraduate degrees on subjects of inclusive education and the education of children with disabilities as well as relevant courses to Pre- and In-Service Teacher Training Programmes (for both primary and secondary education teachers). In addition, the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Cyprus Pedagogical Institute organise in-service teacher training seminars on special needs education and disability issues available to primary and secondary school teachers. Disabled people are not generally involved in these programmes as teacher trainers.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

H3. Training for lawyers

According to the Cyprus Bar Association and the Cyprus Bar Council, disability awareness/equality issues are not part of the initial or in-service training of lawyers. At the university level, the undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes offered by public and private universities in Law do not include any particular courses on disability/equality issues. The only relevant courses mentioned are related to Human Rights Law and United Nations Law.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2017-06-05

H4. Training for doctors

Currently, the University of Cyprus (public university) and two private Universities (European University Cyprus and the University of Nicosia) are operating Medical Schools in Cyprus. Their publicly available programmes of study, however, do not include any particular courses on disability/equality issues. The only relevant courses mentioned are related to Sociology in Medicine. Training of doctors is offered and certified in public hospitals. According to the Cyprus Medical Association, disability assessment and training presently is not based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health issued by the World Health Organisation. Awareness and training of doctors and other health professionals on ICF, is part of the new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning of persons with disabilities, developed by the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. In addition other associations and networks of doctors in collaboration with parents’ associations, are sometimes offering seminars related to disability (especially for children) to medical staff, parents and doctors.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

H5. Training for engineers

The Department of Multimedia and Graphic Design of the Cyprus University of Technology offers a compulsory Universal Design course for undergraduate students. Disability awareness is not a part of other engineering or relevant training, and studies in any other universities, though it may be discussed in courses related to engineering, design (e.g. in computer science courses) and social issues. Information about disability and accessibility issues is made available to engineers and designers from the Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability, of the Ministry of Works which is responsible for the accessibility regulations and measures in public works.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2017-06-05

H6. International development aid

Disability mainstreaming is not identified in the National Reform Programme and Cyprus objectives, for the Europe 2020 Strategy, in relation to international development aid to other countries. The Operational Programme of 'Employment, Human Resources and Social Cohesion' includes people with disabilities as the beneficiaries in Priority Axis 3: Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion in (a) Project: System for the Evaluation of Functionality and Disability), and (b) Project: Incentives to industry for new employment positions: for vulnerable groups including people with disabilities. In addition, in relation to international development aid the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations received funding from international organisations to carry out research and awareness raising activities in collaboration with other countries.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

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            [17] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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            [20] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 24
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            [21] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 25
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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            [23] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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            [30] => stdClass Object
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                    [title] => FYR Macedonia
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                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => other-european-countries
                    [title] => Other European countries
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => iceland
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        )

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                    [level] => 1
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 2
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 3
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [3] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [ordering] => 4
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [4] => stdClass Object
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                    [rgt] => 9
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 5
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [children] => 0
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            [5] => stdClass Object
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                    [lft] => 10
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a5-focal-point
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 6
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [6] => stdClass Object
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                    [lft] => 12
                    [rgt] => 13
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 7
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
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            [7] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 9
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 14
                    [rgt] => 15
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                    [title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 8
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [8] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 10
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 16
                    [rgt] => 17
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a8-official-reporting
                    [title] => A8. Official reporting
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 9
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [9] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 11
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 18
                    [rgt] => 19
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
                    [title] => A9. Shadow reporting
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 10
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [10] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 12
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 21
                    [rgt] => 32
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => b-general-legal-framework
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

        )

    [results] => Array
        (
            [10] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [parent] => EU Member States
                    [location] => Cyprus
                    [location_id] => 10
                    [location_slug] => cyprus
                    [themes] => Array
                        (
                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                                    [theme_slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                                    [theme_id] => 3
                                    [contents] => The Republic of Cyprus signed the UN Convention on 30 March 2007 and ratified the Convention on the 27 June 2011. The Bill for the ratification of the Convention was approved by the Council of Ministers on 2 December 2010 and submitted to the House of Representatives. The ratification law for both the Convention and the Optional Protocol was approved on 4 March 2011. The Convention entered into force for the Republic of Cyprus from 27 July 2011.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 11:20:57
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ratification Law of the UNCRPD & Protocol
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/9EA85834AB487A10C2257A7C002CEDA5/$file/%CE%9A%CF%85%CF%81%CF%89%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CF%8C%CF%82%20%CE%9D%CF%8C%CE%BC%CE%BF%CF%82%20%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%A3%CF%8D%CE%BC%CE%B2%CE%B1%CF%83%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%9F%CE%97%CE%95%20%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%20%CF%84%CE%B1%20%CE%94%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9%CF%8E%CE%BC%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%B1%20%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BD%20%CE%91%CF%84%CF%8C%CE%BC%CF%89%CE%BD%20%CE%BC%CE%B5%20%CE%91%CE%BD%CE%B1%CF%80%CE%B7%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B5%CF%82%20%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9%20%CE%A0%CF%81%CF%89%CF%84%CE%BF%CE%BA%CF%8C%CE%BB%CE%BB%CE%BF%CF%85.pdf
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities – UN Convention
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Information on the Convention (Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organizations)
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=15&langID=13
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                                    [theme_slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                                    [theme_id] => 4
                                    [contents] => The Republic of Cyprus signed the Optional Protocol of the UN Convention on 30 March 2007 and ratified the Optional Protocol on 27 June 2011. The Bill for the ratification of the Convention was approved by the Council of Ministers on 2 December 2010 and submitted to the House of Representatives. The ratification law for both the Convention and the Optional Protocol was approved on 4 March 2011. The Optional Protocol has entered into force for the Republic of Cyprus from 27 July 2011.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 16:13:57
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ratification Law of the UNCRPD and Protocol
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/9EA85834AB487A10C2257A7C002CEDA5/$file/%CE%9A%CF%85%CF%81%CF%89%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CF%8C%CF%82%20%CE%9D%CF%8C%CE%BC%CE%BF%CF%82%20%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%A3%CF%8D%CE%BC%CE%B2%CE%B1%CF%83%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%9F%CE%97%CE%95%20%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%20%CF%84%CE%B1%20%CE%94%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9%CF%8E%CE%BC%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%B1%20%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BD%20%CE%91%CF%84%CF%8C%CE%BC%CF%89%CE%BD%20%CE%BC%CE%B5%20%CE%91%CE%BD%CE%B1%CF%80%CE%B7%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B5%CF%82%20%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9%20%CE%A0%CF%81%CF%89%CF%84%CE%BF%CE%BA%CF%8C%CE%BB%CE%BB%CE%BF%CF%85.pdf
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities – UN Convention
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Information on the UN Convention (Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organizations)
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=15&langID=13
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                                    [theme_slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                                    [theme_id] => 5
                                    [contents] => A reservation on Article 27 of the UN CRPD has been registered as follows: ‘Whereas the Persons with Disabilities Law, as this has been harmonised with the Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation, prescribes in section 3A thereof that the said Law shall not apply as regards employment: (a) to the armed forces, to the extent that the nature of the work requires special abilities which cannot be exercised by persons with disabilities, and (b) to occupational activities where by reason of the nature or the context in which they are carried out, a characteristic or an ability which is not possessed by a person with a disability, constitutes a genuine and determining occupational requirement, provided that the objective is legitimate and the requirement is proportionate, taking into account the possibility of adopting reasonable measures, the Republic of Cyprus declares that it ratifies the Convention with a reservation in respect of Article 27(1) of the Convention, to the extent that the provisions thereof are in conflict with the provisions of section 3A of the Persons with Disabilities Law.’
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 16:31:08
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Cyprus UN CRPD Reservation 
                                                    [url] => http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-15&chapter=4&lang=en#EndDec
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000)
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities –  the UN Convention
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                                    [theme_slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                                    [theme_id] => 6
                                    [contents] => No “comprehensive review” of existing legislation has been undertaken in preparation for implementation of the UN Convention. The concluding observations for Cyprus of the UN CRPD Committee of April 2017 (Part III, Section A, paragraphs 5 and 6) specifically identify the lack of such review and suggest that all laws and policies of the Republic of Cyprus are reviewed for harmonization to the UN CRPD articles. This is also verified by the recent report of the Independent Monitoring UN CRPD Mechanism (Ombudsman’s office).
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:20:19
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Concluding observations for Cyprus of the UN CRPD Committee of April 2017
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fCYP%2fCO%2f1&Lang=en
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Cyprus Independent Monitoring UN CRPD Mechanism (Ombudsman’s office) Report
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/TreatyBodyExternal/Countries.aspx?CountryCode=CYP&Lang=EN
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A5. Focal point
                                    [theme_slug] => a5-focal-point
                                    [theme_id] => 7
                                    [contents] => According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities has been nominated as the focal point for the Republic of Cyprus for the implementation of the UN Convention according to article 33.1.
                                    [update_date] => 2014-05-01 11:23:33
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/index_en/index_en?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A6. Coordination mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 8
                                    [contents] => According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the coordinating mechanism to facilitate actions for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of  Persons with Disabilities is the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities, which operates in the framework of the Persons with Disabilities Law. The role of the Council is to consult the government as to the formulation, monitoring and implementation of social policies for persons with disabilities. The Chairman of the Council is the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance and its members are representatives of co-responsible for disability issues Ministries, Organisations of persons with disabilities, social partners (trade unions and organisations of employers) as well as independent persons. The Cyprus Confederation of Organizations of the Disabled is recognized as the Social Partner of the State on matters that directly or indirectly related to disability (Law 143(I)/2006). The Confederation is member of the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities and it was actively involved during the discussions for the implementation of Article 33 of the UN Convention. The coordinating mechanism is administratively supported by the focal point (i.e. the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities).
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 17:03:58
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/A92E4B60BFCAC36AC2257847002BC4D8?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Fifth Disability High Level Group Report on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://www.ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/files/dhlg_5th_report_en.pdf
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Responsibilities of the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd03_en/dsipd03_en?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Cyprus Confederation of Organizations of the Disabled
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => State Consultation Process for Disabled People’s Matters of 2006 (N.143(I)/2006) 
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/nomothesies/nomoi%20voulis/1_143_I_2006.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 9
                                    [contents] => According to the Council of Ministers decision, dated 9 May 2012, the Ombudsman and Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights, being also the Equality Authority in Cyprus, has been nominated as the independent mechanism for the promotion, protection and monitoring of the UN Convention according to Article 33.2 of the Convention, namely Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 17:13:33
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Office of Ombudsman and Commissioner: Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://www.ombudsman.gov.cy/Ombudsman/ombudsman.nsf/page09_gr/page09_gr?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Fifth Disability High Level Group Report on the implementation of the UN CRPD
                                                    [url] => http://www.ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/files/dhlg_5th_report_en.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A8. Official reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a8-official-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 10
                                    [contents] => In July 2013 the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities published the First Report of Cyprus on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which was submitted to the UN in August 2013. The purpose of this Report was to record and describe under every article of the Convention, the current laws, policies and activities in Cyprus, that satisfy the rights of persons with disabilities and the implementation of the requirements of the Convention. A parallel purpose was to identify the weaknesses and the gaps that exist in the present situation, in comparison to the desired results that are set by the Convention, in order to design and promote any necessary further actions, through the formulation of the first National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus, starting with the three years period of 2013-2015. In addition, a Core Document with general information was also published in July 2013. The document provides information about the demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of people with disabilities in Cyprus, information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and finally discusses issues of human rights. A list of Issues in relation to the initial report of Cyprus was published by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in October 2016, identifying general and specific gaps in national legislation harmonisation with the UN CRPD, in steps taken for regulations amendments and measures taken to ensure implementation of the National Disability Plan 2013-2015. Cyprus replied to this list of issues in January 2017 and the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the initial report of Cyprus were published in April 2017. A number of areas of concern and recommendations are identified in this report, on both general and specific rights. In General issues the most important ones note that Cyprus national legislation has not fully incorporated a human rights-based approach to disability in line with the Convention, in particular its articles 1 and 3. the Committee urges Cyprus to adopt and implement a human rights-based approach to disability and to review all laws and policies accordingly in collaboration with representative organisations of persons with disabilities in line with article 4 (3) of the Convention.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:26:26
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => State reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=45&DocTypeID=29
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=45
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Link to List of Issues in relation to the initial report of Cyprus
                                                    [url] => http://docstore.ohchr.org/SelfServices/FilesHandler.ashx?enc=6QkG1d%2fPPRiCAqhKb7yhsjzR8FDGXIfJ8tqgK4L3gsKU0W6VpCZ9oa%2fVpf3XnHo%2bQrvtgQd2iZjwXC%2ffjDav%2buryhy00gK39lblNmKdmPAjRdyw%2bGzmik4hrQH%2f7OypH
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Replies of Cyprus to the List of Issues
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fCYP%2fQ%2f1%2fAdd.1&Lang=en
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for Cyprus, April 2017
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fCYP%2fCO%2f1&Lang=en
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Documents on the UN Convention)
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument  
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A9. Shadow reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 11
                                    [contents] => In August 2016 the Pancyprian Alliance for Disability submitted an alternative report as the First Civil Society Report on the Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in Cyprus. The Pancyprian Alliance for Disability was founded in December 2015, with the purpose of participating in the review of the State Report on the implementation of the UN CRPD in Cyprus and of preparing this Alternative Report for submission to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Alliance is comprised of 20 organisations representing a wide range of persons with disabilities and their families in Cyprus. The organisations involved made a strong effort to build their arguments with extensive consideration of all persons with disabilities, and to deliver a well-balanced account of issues to ensure equal participation. In general the Alliance holds the opinion that the National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus for the implementation of the CRPD does not actually represent a satisfactory implementation of the CRPD’s goals and principles. In February 2017, the Alliance submitted an additional report in response to the List of Issues of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in relation to the initial report of Cyprus that aims to provide the Committee with additional information on the implementation status of the UN  CRPD in Cyprus. In general, in this report the Alliance highlights that the Cyprus Government is still reluctant to adopt, amend and implement legislation in line with the CRPD and that a great majority of the legal framework remains in many respects incompatible with the CRPD. For the preparation of these two reports, during 2013 the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations and the Committee for the Protection of the Rights of People with Intellectual Disabilities prepared their own Opinion Documents regarding the First Report of Cyprus for the Implementation of the UN CRPD, prepared by the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Both bodies expressed their considerations and highlighted points of disagreement and suggestions in relation to particular Articles of the Report as well as for the National Disability Action Plan. These documents were forwarded to the Monitoring and Coordinating Mechanisms, i.e. the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities and the Pancyprian Council for Persons with Disabilities. In addition, the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations organised a 'Workshop Opening Process of Preparation of the Shadow Report on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of Cyprus', on 19 December 2015, aiming at finalising the preparation of the shadow report, by starting with the analysis of the articles of the Convention, with the participation of all disability organisations in the country. The results of the workshop will be announced on the Confederation's website. These efforts and involvement of the disability organisations resulted in the establishment of the Pancyprian Alliance for Disability in 2015.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:37:27
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Civil society reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=45&DocTypeID=14
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Announcement of the Workshop on the Preparation on the Shadow report by the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organizations
                                                    [url] => http://psychografimata.com/27444/imerida-enarxis-diadikasias-etimasias-skiodous-ekthesis-gia-ta-dikeomata-ton-atomon-me-anapiries-tis-kiprou/
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organizations (presentations and actions)
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=22&mpath=/6
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Committee for the Protection of the Rights of People with Intellectual Disabilities 
                                                    [url] => http://www.cpmental.com.cy/epnka/page.php?pageID=7
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Pancyprian Alliance for Disability Alternative Report. First Civil Society Report on the Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Cyprus, August 2016
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/nomothesies/20160905%20Cyprus%20Alternative%20report.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation
                                    [theme_slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation
                                    [theme_id] => 13
                                    [contents] => The People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) legitimises disabled people’s rights. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and it safeguards disabled people’s inclusion in social community life and employment. According to the 2000 People with Disabilities Law (127(I)/2000), disability is described as any kind of insufficiency or impairment which causes permanent or long lasting bodily, intellectual or mental restriction to the person and, taking into consideration her personal history and other elements of the person, substantially reduces or excludes the possibility to perform one or more activities or functions which are considered natural and substantial for the quality of life of each person of the same age, who does not experience such insufficiency or impairment. The basic rights of disabled people recorded in the 2000 People with Disabilities Law (127(I)/2000) are: early identification and treatment; provision of personal support; accessibility in the built environment; educational integration; accessibility in information and communication, vocational training and rehabilitation; decent living conditions; establishment of personal and family life and participation in cultural, social, sports, religious and entertainment activities. In addition, the Combating of Racism and Other Discrimination (Commissioner) Law of 2004 (42 (I) / 2004)  provides for the protection against discrimination in the grounds of race, community, language, colour, religion, political or other opinion, and national or ethnic origin, disability, age and sexual orientation.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:41:05
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000)
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Legislation)
                                                    [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd32_gr/dsipd32_gr?OpenDocument
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Combating of Racism and Other Discrimination (Commissioner) Law of 2004 (42 (I) / 2004)
                                                    [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/2004_1_42/full.html
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity
                                    [theme_slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity
                                    [theme_id] => 14
                                    [contents] => The Proof Law of 1989, Chapter 9 regulates the capacity of people with disabilities to act as a witness in court and take part in other legal procedures. According to this law, people with hearing or expression difficulties who are called to witness in legal procedures have the right to give their testimony in writing or through sign language. According to the same law, all persons can participate in legal procedures unless the court believes that they have serious difficulty (such as intellectual disability) which may hinder their participation in legal procedures. In addition, according to the Law on the Rights of Mentally Retarded of 1989 'legal capacity' of people with intellectual disabilities is decided by the competent court of justice in cases where this is requested by relatives, institutions or other involved agents.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:43:30
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Legal System of Proof in Cyprus
                                                    [url] => http://www.law.gov.cy/Law/lawoffice.nsf/dmltestgeneral_gr/dmltestgeneral_gr?opendocument
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Proof Law, Chapter 9
                                                    [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/0_9/full.html
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Law on the Rights of Mentally Backward of 1989. (117/89)
                                                    [url] => http://www.cpmental.com.cy/epnka/page.php?pageID=16
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections
                                    [theme_slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections
                                    [theme_id] => 15
                                    [contents] => Assistance during voting is provided to disabled people under the provisions of the amending Laws N.107(I)/1992  and N.108(I)/1992 , of The Law on Election of Members of the House of Representatives Act of 1979 (72/1979) and The Elections (of the President and Vice-President of the Republic) Laws 1959 to 1998 (37/1959), respectively. These amendments safeguard the right of people with visual impairment and people who cannot vote independently, to vote with the support of another person, while their vote is kept confidential. The legislation safeguards their right to vote with the help of an assistant of their choice or to ask for assistance from the state officials who are responsible for the elections.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-06-01 18:05:33
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Election of Members of the House of Representatives (Amendment) of 1992 (Law 107 (I) / 1992)
                                                    [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/1979_1_72/index.html
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Election (President and Vice President of the Republic) (Amendment) of 1992 (Law 108 (I) / 1992)
                                                    [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/1959_1_37/index.html
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Election of Members of the House of Parliament Law 107(I)/1992 and The Election (President and Vice President of the Republic Law108(I)/1992 – Amending provisions (Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organizations, Legislation Information)
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=17&langID=13
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language
                                    [theme_slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language
                                    [theme_id] => 16
                                    [contents] => Sign language is recognised as an official language by the Recognition of the Sign Language Act of 2006 (N.66(I)/2006).
                                    [update_date] => 2012-12-03 13:23:15
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Recognition of the Sign Language Act of 2006 (N.66(I)/2006)
                                                    [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/nomothesies/nomoi voulis/pdf/14_66_2006.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan
                                    [theme_slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan
                                    [theme_id] => 17
                                    [contents] => In July 2013 the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities published the First National Disability Action Plan 2013-2015, for the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. As stated in the document the purpose of the first National Disability Action Plan in Cyprus is to promote the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons with disabilities without discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability. The National Action Plan identifies eight Thematic Areas, considered as priorities for Cyprus. Each Thematic Area is monitored by the corresponding Thematic Technical Committee. These are presented with the main articles of the UN Convention each one relates, as follows:
  1. Technical Committee on Equality, Non-Discrimination, Awareness and Statistics (Articles 5,8,31),
  2. Technical Committee on Accessibility of the Physical and Building Environment (Articles 9,30)
  3. Technical Committee on Accessibility of Transportation (Article 9)
  4. Technical Committee on Information Accessibility (Articles 9, 21)
  5. Technical Committee on Independent Living, Social Inclusion, Mobility and Social Protection (Articles 19, 20, 28, 30)
  6. Technical Committee on Education and Vocational Training (Articles 24, 26)
  7. Technical Committee on Health and Rehabilitation (Articles 25, 26), and
  8. Technical Committee on Employment (Article 27).

The National Action Plan describes specific planned actions with the competent implementing entity, timetable and expected results for each one of the Thematic Areas. [update_date] => 2016-03-21 16:00:43 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Disability National Action Plan 2013-2015 [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/A8A5F20B4E23E622C2257A7C002CEBC5/$file/Disability%20National%20Action%20Plan%202013-2015.doc ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Documents on the UN Convention) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument ) ) ) [19] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C1. Transport accessibility [theme_slug] => c1-transport-accessibility [theme_id] => 19 [contents] => Public transportation area is under continuous development in Cyprus. The provisions of Articles 2 and 3 of the EU Directive 2001/85/EC, relating to special provisions for vehicle used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than 8 seats in addition to the driver’s seat, regulates the accessibility of persons with disability to vehicles and especially to buses and coaches and generally to vehicles for more than 8 passengers. The Minister of Communications and Public Works, under the power vested in him by Article 7 of the Approval of the Type of Vehicles Law 2005, issued the Buses and Coaches Order for harmonisation purpose with the above Directive. The Order was issued in the form of Regulations (525/2003) and provides that the technical specifications and requirements of manufacture and the technical monitoring for the granting of approval of the type, regarding buses and coaches are those specified in the above EU Directive. Also, Article 7 of Persons with Disabilities Law of 2000 refers to the obligation of public transportation to meet the technical specifications and requirements that are set out in Buses and Coaches Order regarding the entry and mobility of persons with disabilities. According to Article 4 of the People with Disabilities Law of 2000, disabled people have the right to accessible public transportation and other transportation means. In the last two years, the Republic of Cyprus have subsidised public transport companies for mass purchases of fully accessible new buses. The Design Bureau (Ministry of Communications and Works) is involved in pilot programmes and is taking important initiatives for the improvement of accessibility and transportation for disabled people. The Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities operates two schemes relevant to the transportation of people with disabilities. The first scheme offers funding and the right to buy a tax free car to certain groups of disabled people. The second scheme provides funding for the transportation needs of particular groups of people with disabilities. In relation to standards, the Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:48:33 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department of Road Transport [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/rtd/rtd.nsf/rtd65_gr/rtd65_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Accessible vehicle funding scheme) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd15_gr/dsipd15_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Transportation funding scheme) [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/rtd/rtd.nsf/rtd65_gr/rtd65_gr?OpenDocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Accessible vehicle funding scheme) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd14_gr/dsipd14_gr?OpenDocument ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/index/index?opendocument ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Standards Organisation [url] => http://www.cys.org.cy/ ) ) ) [20] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C2. Built environment accessibility [theme_slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility [theme_id] => 20 [contents] => Regulation 61 of the Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 sets accessibility standards for newly built buildings (after 1999) or buildings modified after 1999 in order to safeguard accessibility for all disabled people. According to the regulations, all public buildings must follow the standards for becoming accessible to all disabled people. More specifically the regulations apply to:
  • all public buildings and/or buildings used by the public;
  • shopping centres;
  • buildings that hold shops and / or office premises;
  • blocks of residences with five or more residence units and / or in buildings with more than five required parking places;
  • educational institutions including students' accommodation buildings, sports centres and swimming pools;
  • clinics, medical and rehabilitation or other diagnostic centres;
  • industrial buildings with an area of greater than 600m² or with more than ten employees, as well as in group of labs of which the total area is greater than 600m²;
  • in any other building for which the responsible authority decides that this regulation should apply.

There is no time scale for the implementation of this Law. The Department of Building and Housing (Department of Urban Planning) is responsible for the monitoring of implementation of this regulation of the Law. The Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:50:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/index/index?opendocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulation 61H The Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 (Reg. 61.H) [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/All/3BC82DF3DA86360BC22572A6004A620D? ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department of Building and Housing (The Ministry of Internal Affairs) [url] => http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/tph/tph.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?OpenDocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Standards Organisation [url] => http://www.cys.org.cy/ ) ) ) [21] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility [theme_slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility [theme_id] => 21 [contents] => There are no specific legislative or regulatory measures regarding Web accessibility for public or private websites in Cyprus. Two national e-accessibility strategies (E-Inclusion and Digital Strategy of Cyprus), which aim to promote ICT and web accessibility standards. In education, assistive technology is available to students under the general provisions of the N13(I) of 1999 Education for Children with Special Needs Law (article 17.2) and the corresponding Regulations (Reg. 186/2001, article 49.1), which set out the provision of necessary equipment and new technology. These two strategies indirectly include and provide for assistive technology for children with disabilities in the public schools. With regards to other technology services, Article 8 of Persons with Disabilities Law of 2000, generally sets out obligations on the field of telecommunication and information. The relevant disability provisions in Directive 2007/65/EC concerning the pursuit of television and broadcasting activities was transposed in the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Law and the Radio and Television Laws of 1998 to 2011 (N.7(I)/1998). Applicable provisions for all audiovisual media services are provided in Chapter IIA of the Directive. Article 3c of this chapter encourages the media service providers under their jurisdiction to ensure that their services are gradually made accessible to people with a visual or hearing disability. This article was harmonized in Article 30B of the Radio and Television Laws of 1998 to 2011. In addition, Article 30e (c) (ii) of the Laws provides that audiovisual commercial communications shall not include or promote any discrimination on the basis of disability. Article 113 of the Public Electronic Communications and Postal Services Law of 2004 (Law 112 (I) / 2004), regarding telecommunication facilities at the national level, provides that persons with mobility disability are beneficiaries of exemption from the fixed charges for one mobile telephone, landline and the internet (Article 30B). Deaf persons are afforded certain facilities with regards to the fax. Persons with visual disability are also exempted from the charges incurred when they call the directory service of the Cyprus Telecommunications Authority (CYTA) for information. Articles 8.2 and 4 of the EU Directives 2002/21/EC, for electronic communications networks and services, have been transposed into national Regulations (Reg. 258/2006 and Reg. 259/2006). The national regulatory authorities shall promote competition in the provision of electronic communications networks, electronic communications services and associated facilities and services by ensuring that disabled users derive maximum benefit in terms of choice, price, and quality (article 8.2). The national regulatory authorities shall promote the interests of the citizens of the European Union by addressing the needs of specific social groups, in particular disabled users (article 8.4). The Cyprus Standards Organisation is the responsible information service in Cyprus regarding the International and European Standards, also responding to issues of accessibility. Cyprus has signed but not yet ratified the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:54:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department of Information Technology Services, National Strategies [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/DITS/dits.nsf/page08_gr/page08_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/2000_1_127/full.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Radio and Television Law of 1998 to 2011 (N.7(I)/1998) [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/1998_1_7/full.html ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Public Electronic Communications and Postal Services Law of 2004 (Law 112 (I) / 2004) [url] => http://www.dataprotection.gov.cy/dataprotection/dataprotection.nsf/697e70c0046f7759c2256e8c004a0a49/f8e24ef90a27f34fc2256eb4002854e7/$FILE/112(I)-2004_section106_en.pdf ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Confederation of Disability Organizations (European Union Directives in Cyprus) [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=14&langID=13 ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Marrakesh Treaty - Right to Read Campaign (map of countries signed/ratified the Treaty) [url] => http://www.worldblindunion.org/english/our-work/our-priorities/pages/right-2-read-campaign.aspx ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Standards Organisation [url] => http://www.cys.org.cy/ ) ) ) [23] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements [theme_slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements [theme_id] => 23 [contents] => Disabled people have the right to decide about their living arrangements, although in some cases other stakeholders are involved in making this choice. For example, adults with intellectual disabilities and severe emotional difficulties (mental health difficulties) often live in institutions, in old people’s homes or with their families, as a result of decisions taken for them. A small number of people with intellectual disabilities live in the ‘houses in the community’. Most of the policies of independent or supported living for disabled people are under the same umbrella as policies for older adults. The right of disabled people to independent living is generally addressed in the People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000), which is the most important piece of legislation in Cyprus regarding disabled people’s rights. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and safeguards disabled people’s rights to independent living and inclusion in social community life and employment. Apart from this general piece of legislation, there is specific legislation for accommodation, housing and the provision of care for disabled people or people from other vulnerable groups. The Housing for Elder and Disabled People Law of 1991 (N. 222/91 to N. 64(I)/1994) is relevant to disabled people’s accommodation. This law legitimises the establishment and functioning of private settings for older or disabled people. According to this law, these settings are expected to provide accommodation to more than five individuals and they are regulated through state inspection. Another piece of legislation is the Adult Centres Law (N. 38(I)/97) of 1997 which legitimises the establishment of day centres aiming to provide food, clothing, entertainment and access to other activities any time during the day. In addition, the Social Welfare Services of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance provides support services of care and housing to older people and people with disabilities, in order to avoid institutionalisation and improve living in own social environment, which include: (a) Daily care programme, that provides an opportunity for elderly people or people with disabilities to be served by the Housing for Older People or Housing for Adults centres during the day services. Adult Centres, which are operated by Community Welfare Councils and are subsidised through the Government Grants Scheme, provide elderly and disabled people with several services during the day, such as food, laundry, employment, entertainment, etc. (b) Institutionalised/residential care that is provided for people who need constant care and whose needs cannot be met by their families, nor by support services offered in the environment in which they live. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 12:59:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Housing for Elder and Disabled People Law of 1991 (N. 222/91 to N. 64(I)/1994) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sws/sws.nsf/All/A7BE1DE61832FAFCC2256E5900363833/$file/Homes%20for%20the%20elderly%20and%20disabled%20law%201991.pdf?OpenElement ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Adult Centres Law of 1997 (N.38(I)/97) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sws/sws.nsf/All/C8A91A1B3626F553C2256E59003D084D/$file/Centres%20for%20Adults%201997.pdf?OpenElement ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Services for older people and people with disabilities [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sws/sws.nsf/All/791AE14C3F300CE3C2256E5F003D19E1?OpenDocument ) ) ) [24] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D2. De-institutionalisation [theme_slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation [theme_id] => 24 [contents] => De-institutionalisation is currently the stated policy of the Cypriot state. However, de-institutionalisation is quite problematic as there are no set structures for transition from institutions to community life. For example, adults with severe intellectual disabilities and/or mental health problems who have completed their treatment in a hospital or in an institution are expected to move to old people’s homes. This placement is considered a type of transitional accommodation which will lead to independent living or the return of the person to the family home. There is no indication of the degree of choice of people with mental health problems about where they move after the institution. The Safeguarding and Protecting the Rights of Patients and Related Issues Law of 2005 (N. 1(Ι) 2005) legitimises the rights of people who are treated in medical institutions and applies to people with mental health problems. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:11:54 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Safeguarding and Protecting the Rights of Patients and Related Issues Law of 2005 (N.1(Ι)/2005) [url] => http://mentalhealthcommission.org.cy/el/legislation/1-2005 ) ) ) [25] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D3. Quality of social services [theme_slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services [theme_id] => 25 [contents] => There are no mechanisms to ensure the quality of community based assistance and services and their impact on quality of life. The state, via the Social Welfare Services of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, offers three types of support to elderly and disabled people; home care, day care and institutional care. Home care is offered to people who have extremely low income and thus, they are already recipients of guaranteed minimum income. It involves cleaning services and help with shopping or other activities. Day care is provided in day centres which are maintained by the Social Welfare Councils or by the municipalities and are often funded by the state. People visiting the day centres are entitled to food and clothing and they participate in entertainment activities. State institutional care is co-ordinated by the Social Welfare Services and other institutions belonging to the private sector. The Social Welfare Services register and inspect private and community homes for elderly and disabled people and their carers, according to the Housing for Elder and Disabled People Law of 1991 (N. 222/91 to N. 64(I)/1994) to ensure a good level of service. The Social Welfare Services provide residential care to state residences. They also grant alimony in approved Community and private Houses and in houses of approved carers. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:13:33 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Welfare Services, the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sws/sws.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument ) ) ) [26] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home [theme_slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home [theme_id] => 26 [contents] => There are several schemes aiming to facilitate disabled people’s lives by providing them with necessary assistive devices. For example, the Financial Assistance for Technical Equipment Scheme is intended for disabled people who need technical means for their autonomy at the workplace and at home, including assistive devices (and technology). This is a national scheme targeting Cypriot disabled people. According to the scheme, eligible applicants are entitled to funding up to 80% (and sometimes 100%) of the total cost of assistive devices, given that the amount falls within the amount set by the evaluation committee which is published in the list of maximum funding level per assistive device. The technical means belong to the disabled person but it is expected that any unused equipment is returned to the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities for loan to other individuals, under the scheme for Loan of Technical Means. In addition the Department holds two schemes for the provision and loan of wheelchairs. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:14:39 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Scheme for the Provision of Technical and Other Assistive Means) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd19_gr/dsipd19_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Scheme for Loan of Technical and Other Assistive Means) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd20_gr/dsipd20_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Scheme for the Provision of Wheelchairs) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd16_gr/dsipd16_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [27] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes [theme_slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes [theme_id] => 27 [contents] => The personal assistance allowance is under the provisions of the Social Welfare Services (SWS), and more specifically is a part of Public Assistance as this is provided by the Public/Social Assistance and Services Law 95(I) 2006. Personal assistance is offered in various ways based on the needs of the individual who applies for public assistance. These may include: carers employed by the Social Welfare Services, and carers from the private sector (either Cypriot or from abroad) paid by a public allowance provided to the individual. Personal home care services include help with: personal hygiene, house cleaning, laundry, health services/hospital escort, other responsibilities (e.g. bill payments, shopping etc.), as well as training of family members at home and support for work done by family members. However, the personal assistance allowance is gradually replaced by the Guaranteed Minimum Income, introduced by the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance and passed as The Guaranteed Minimum Income and generally the Social Benefits Act of 2014, on 10 July 2014, from the House of Representatives.
In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities offers personal assistance schemes specifically to people with paraplegia and quadriplegia namely the Care Allowances for Quadriplegics and Paraplegics. These groups of people with disabilities are excluded from the Public Assistance Allowance. People with visual impairments working in the civil service are entitled to a personal assistant, and are also entitled to a specific funding scheme for people with visual impairment. Also, there is a scheme for financial assistance to the organisations of persons with disabilities for a hiring social assistant to accompany their members in hospitals, public services, shopping, sport and recreation activities etc. [update_date] => 2017-09-13 15:37:45 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guaranteed Minimum Income and generally the Social Benefits Act of 2014 [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/75D6664A25D0D1A2C2257E8F0045633B/$file/%CE%9D%CE%BF%CE%BC%CE%BF%CE%B8%CE%B5%CF%83%CE%AF%CE%B1%20%CE%95%CE%95%CE%95.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations for the GMI [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/75D6664A25D0D1A2C2257E8F0045633B/$file/%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BF%CE%BD%CE%B9%CF%83%CE%BC%CE%BF%CE%AF%20%CE%95%CE%95%CE%95.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Public Assistance and Services Law 95(I) 2006 [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/2006_1_95/full.html ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Public Assistance Allowance for Disabled and Elder People [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sws/sws.nsf/dmlassistance_en/dmlassistance_en?OpenDocument ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Care Allowance Scheme for Quadriplegic Persons [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd11_gr/dsipd11_gr?OpenDocument ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Care Allowance Scheme for Quadriplegic Persons [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd12_gr/dsipd12_gr?OpenDocument ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Special Allowance for Blind Persons under the provisions of The Provision of Special Allowance to Blind Persons Law of 2011 (11(I)/2011) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd13_gr/dsipd13_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [28] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D6. Income maintenance [theme_slug] => d6-income-maintenance [theme_id] => 28 [contents] => In July 2014, The Guaranteed Minimum Income (GMI) and Generally the Social Benefits Act of 2014 came into force, which safeguards a minimum living status for every family under particular criteria, including individuals with disabilities. The Social Assistance and Services Law of 2006 (N.95(Ι)/2006) sets out the criteria for individuals who are eligible for public assistance allowance and for those who are entitled to social services (recently changed to Guaranteed Minimum Income provision and legislation). All kinds of pensions received from the social insurance fund are considered as income for the purposes of the eligibility criteria for the GMI. Disabled people are entitled to the disability pension, which consists of the basic pension and the supplementary pension. The disability pension for less than 100% disability is paid proportionally to a percentage. However, if the disabled person is considered permanently incapable to work, the disability pension is always equivalent to that paid for 100% disability. An allowance for constant care is payable for beneficiaries of a disability pension requiring constant care and is equal to 55% of the basic disability pension for full (100%) disability. The disability pension may be claimed until the age of 63 (no minimum age is stated). In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities offers the severe motor disability allowance and care allowance for paraplegic and quadriplegic persons. Persons with severe motor disabilities are entitled to a monthly allowance which aims to provide financial assistance for their additional needs. The Provision of Special Allowance to Blind Persons Law of 2011 (11(I)/2011) provides a monthly allowance to blind persons from the Department for Social inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. In 2013 some of the funding schemes have changed due to the financial crisis and in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding with the Troika. These include: reduction of the allowance for the provision of a disability car, abolition of the subsidisation of vacations schemes for persons with disabilities and reduction of a number of benefits included in the Social Assistance and Services Law (such as Christmas and Easter Allowances). [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:30:00 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance- GMI [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/517E1B1FE19B0418C2257CD7001E73BB ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guaranteed Minimum Income and the Social Benefits Act of 2014 [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/75D6664A25D0D1A2C2257E8F0045633B/$file/%CE%9D%CE%BF%CE%BC%CE%BF%CE%B8%CE%B5%CF%83%CE%AF%CE%B1%20%CE%95%CE%95%CE%95.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Schemes for Social Provision) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Insurance Rights in Cyprus [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sid/sidv2.nsf/0/CFC7F0DD3FCB4E94C2257A170036EE4D/$file/Social%20Insurance%20in%20Cyprus.pdf ) ) ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D7. Additional costs [theme_slug] => d7-additional-costs [theme_id] => 29 [contents] => There are some schemes to promote employment or cover additional costs, such as schemes for mobility (transportation) allowance, allowance for the provision of a disability car, financial assistance for the purchase of a wheelchair, schemes for wheelchair loans and financial assistance for the provision of technical means and other aids. These allowances are paid by the state. Each scheme requires a distinct application process and eligible applicants are allocated the stated funding. In 2013 some of the funding schemes have changed due to the financial crisis and in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding with the Troika. These include: reduction in the Allowance for the Provision of a Disability Car, abolition of the Subsidisation of Vacations Schemes for Persons with Disabilities and reduction of a number of benefits included in the Social Assistance and Services Law (such as Christmas and Easter Allowances). In addition, for 2014 the Memorandum imposes the abolition of the social cohesion benefits (which also affect the allowances of people with disability) which will take effect from 1 January 2014, the main change of which includes the Guaranteed Minimum Income. [update_date] => 2017-06-02 15:19:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Schemes for Social Provision) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance- GMI [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/All/517E1B1FE19B0418C2257CD7001E73BB ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Schemes for disabled people (summary prepared by the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations) [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=18&langID=13 ) ) ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D8. Retirement income [theme_slug] => d8-retirement-income [theme_id] => 30 [contents] => People with disabilities are entitled to retirement pension if they have been entitled to the disability pension immediately before reaching the age of 63, or if they are between the ages of 63 and 65 and they are entitled to a disability pension. The Memorandum of Understanding on Specific Economic Policy Conditionality includes measures to ensure that total annual public pension benefits shall not exceed 50% of the annual pensionable salary earned at the time of retirement, which affects disabled people's entitlement to the retirement pension, but not the disability pension itself. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:33:31 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Insurance Rights in Cyprus [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sid/sidv2.nsf/0/CFC7F0DD3FCB4E94C2257A170036EE4D/$file/Social%20Insurance%20in%20Cyprus.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department of Social Insurance (disablement retirement pension application) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/sid/sidv2.nsf/page36_gr/page36_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E1. Special schools [theme_slug] => e1-special-schools [theme_id] => 32 [contents] => The Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N.113(I)/1999) legitimises special schooling as an option for disabled children who cannot be educated in a mainstream school. Children go through an assessment procedure and regional Committees for Special Education recommend either placement in a special or mainstream school. Parents of disabled children have the right to appeal a decision about placement in a special school. [update_date] => 2016-03-21 17:30:29 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N. 113(I)/1999) [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/eidiki_ekpaidefsi/nomothesia.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Special Education, Ministry of Education and Culture (Special Education): [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/eidiki_ekpaidefsi/index.html ) ) ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E2. Mainstream schools [theme_slug] => e2-mainstream-schools [theme_id] => 33 [contents] => The Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N.113(I)/1999) legitimises the integration of disabled children into mainstream schools. The most important features of the law are: (a) the statement that integration should be the rule and special schooling the exception ; (b) the introduction of the term ‘special needs’; (c) state responsibility for special education provision between the ages of three and 18 years with an extension of education up to 21 years where it is deemed necessary; (d) the recruitment of Special Educational Needs Coordinators; (e) the establishment of an assessment procedure and; (f) the right of parents to participate in the assessment procedure and appeal when necessary. The overall structure of the Law creates a special education mechanism controlled by the Ministry of Education and Culture. In particular, it sets out the criteria for the establishment of special schools (Part II); the formation of Regional Committees of Special Education (Part III); the identification of children with special needs through a set assessment procedure (Part IV); the provision of special education in general and in special schools (Part V); the formation of a Council of Special Education (Part VI); and the formation of a Departmental Committee of Special Education (Part VII). [update_date] => 2016-03-21 17:37:11 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (N. 113(I)/1999) [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/eidiki_ekpaidefsi/nomothesia.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Special Education, Ministry of Education and Culture (Special Education) [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/eidiki_ekpaidefsi/index.html ) ) ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school [theme_slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school [theme_id] => 34 [contents] => Children have the right to learn Braille or sign language in mainstream schools. Children can also learn Braille or sign language in the School for the Blind or in the School for the Deaf. The Recognition of the Cyprus Sign Language Law of 2006 (66 (I) / 2006) suggests that a new legislation should be established in order to introduce Sign Language as one of the optional languages taught in school. However there is now specific legislation to safeguarding sign language and Braille teaching and use in schools. Nevertheless, the Regulations for the Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (Reg. 186/2001), ensures that disabled children are examined in ways that respect their communication needs (e.g. to change a written test into Braille). [update_date] => 2017-09-13 15:40:07 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations for the Education of Children with Special Needs Law of 1999 (Reg. 186/2001) [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/eidiki_ekpaidefsi/nomothesia.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Recognition of the Cyprus Sign Language Law of 2006 (66 (I) / 2006) [url] => http://www.cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/non-ind/2006_1_66/full.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => School for the Blind [url] => http://eid-scholi-tyflon-lef.schools.ac.cy/ ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => School for the Deaf [url] => http://eid-scholi-kofon-lef.schools.ac.cy/ ) ) ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E4. Vocational training [theme_slug] => e4-vocational-training [theme_id] => 35 [contents] => Currently, there are no specific laws regarding non-discrimination on behalf of vocational training providers, other than the general non-discrimination Law (People with Disabilities Law of 2000). Support regarding vocational training falls within the scopes of the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities, which used to offer training in areas that have traditionally been considered to facilitate disabled people’s employment (e.g. carpentering, gardening, etc.). Funding of the centre is under the provisions of the Special Fund for the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities Act 2000 (103(I)/2000), and the Budget for the Special Fund for the Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities Act (latest 2017) which is assigned every year. However in 2015 the Centre was closed down, though it still exists in paper as an association, and the Legislation about its budget has not yet been abolished. In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with disabilities launched a vocational training scheme to enhance and diversify the training opportunities for persons with disabilities. The scheme was offered for two years and provided additional and more advanced training opportunities than the ones offered by the Centre for The Vocational Rehabilitation of Disabled People (that recently closed). This is achieved by funding training costs at relevant institutions and providing employment and career advancement opportunities for people with disabilities. People with disabilities have also the opportunity to attend around 50 classes (including vocational educational classes) at 'The adult education centres', which are offered free of charge for disadvantaged groups of people including people with disabilities. The Department also holds schemes for the enhancement of vocational training and experience for people with disabilities which include the Scheme for the creation and operation of small units for self-employment purposes, the Vocational Training Scheme and the Supported Employment Scheme (indirect vocational rehabilitation). An additional policy measure towards the improvement of Vocational Education and Training (VET), was the restructuring of Upper Secondary and Secondary Technical and Vocational Education (STVE) and the introduction of the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training (PSITVE), which are implemented though ESF funding, after the Council of Ministers decision in February 2012, and attracted the interest of young people with disabilities. In addition, the Cyprus Authority for Human Resources Development offers number of programmes for the apprenticeship of the Unemployed and Newcomers in Labour Market, which indirectly consider people with disabilities, especially those referring to GMI beneficiaries. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:43:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities: Vocational Training Scheme [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd28_gr/dsipd28_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities: Vocational Training and Supported Employment Scheme [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd26_gr/dsipd26_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Upper Secondary and Secondary Technical and Vocational Education (STVE) and the introduction of the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training (PSITVE) [url] => http://www.mieek.ac.cy/index.php/el/ ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Establishment of Special Fund for the Centre for the Vocational Rehabilitation of Disabled People Act of 2000 (N.103(I)/72000) [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/eidiko%20tameio%20KEAA%20103_2000.doc ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Authority for Human Resources Development – Apprenticeship schemes [url] => http://steeei.anad.org.cy/easyconsole.cfm/page/steeit ) ) ) [36] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E5. Higher education [theme_slug] => e5-higher-education [theme_id] => 36 [contents] => The universities’ disability policy and practice is based on the current legislation of the Ministry of Education and Culture (N13(I) of 1999 Education Law) and the provisions of the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Additionally, the universities have their own regulations as internal policy. The Pancyprian University Entry Examinations Law (N.22(I)/2006) legitimises disabled candidates’ rights during the Pancyprian University Entry Examinations, which apply for all state universities. For example, this law safeguards their right to use individual equipment during the exam. Other accommodations are also made, according to the candidate’s disability-related needs. Each university follows its own policy for encouraging disabled students’ support throughout their studies. These include some provisions for physical (mobility) and cognitive (facilitations in exams, i.e. personal assistants) accessibility, as well as access to mainstream technology. The University of Cyprus, the oldest state university of Cyprus, developed the ‘Regulations for Additional Positions for Students Belonging in Special Categories’. According to the Regulations, 6% of all undergraduate positions are allocated to disabled people or people with other problems. Entry for these applicants is subject to ‘special criteria’, which means that these students may be allowed lower attainment in entry examinations compared with other applicants. Furthermore, decisions about placement are subject to the availability of positions, and applicants may be offered placement in a department that was not their preferred choice. Once students are enrolled in any programme of studies, they may attend preparatory seminars offered by the Centre of Teaching and Learning of the University of Cyprus. These seminars prepare the learners to develop skills for studying at the University level (i.e. skills for academic writing, presentation, library use etc.). Disabled students are eligible for individualised support offered by the University (personal assistants). Other private universities have established their own regulations to support students with disabilities, each under the provisions of the Student Welfare and Special Educational Needs Unit for Students. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 13:47:01 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Pancyprian University Entry Examinations Act (N.22(I)/2006) [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/nomothesies/nomoi%20voulis/pdf/15_22_2006.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Students’ Support, University of Cyprus [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/fmweb/index.php/en/ ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European University Cyprus (Student Services) [url] => http://www.euc.ac.cy/en/life-@-euc/student-services ) ) ) [38] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment [theme_slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment [theme_id] => 38 [contents] => The People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) legitimises disabled people’s rights, including their rights in employment. This legislation relies upon the principle of non-discrimination and it safeguards disabled people’s inclusion in social-community life and employment. Regarding employment, the Act legitimises equal treatment in the procedure of applying for a job, hiring, promoting, firing, compensating and other terms and privileges concerning employment. It also encourages the development of vocational rehabilitation programmes to motivate prospective employers of disabled people and the establishment of new work positions for disabled people in the civil service. The Act clearly forbids any kind of direct or indirect discrimination in all areas related to employment and working conditions. [update_date] => 2012-12-03 13:32:52 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => People with Disabilities Act of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc ) ) ) [39] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F2. Public employment services [theme_slug] => f2-public-employment-services [theme_id] => 39 [contents] => Public Employment Services, under the Department of Labour, provide employment advice and support services to disabled people in mainstream employment. The Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in the Wider Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law of 2009 (N.146(I)/2009) stipulates that persons with disabilities shall be hired in employment positions in the wider public sector and shall cover 10% of the number of vacancies, provided that the number of persons with disabilities hired under this Law shall not exceed 7% of the total number of employees per Service on 31 December of the preceding year of each recruitment procedure, or in the case of Educational Service, on 1 September of the preceding year of each recruitment procedure, and, provided that the persons with disabilities fulfil cumulatively a certain number of predefined objective requirements. The Appointment of Trained Blind Telephone Operators in the Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law of 1988 (N. 17/1988) provides that persons with visual disability have exclusive priority for appointment to all posts of telephone operators in the public sector. The same Law provides that in case of lack of qualified candidates with visual disability, the appointing boards or authorities will prefer candidates with any other disability. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 14:41:51 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities: Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in the Wider Public Sector (N.146(I)/2009) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/5E5F3AD92A3FA954C2257AA100466BA1?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Operators in the Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law of 1988 (N. 17/1988) [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/userfiles/file/nomothesies/nomoi%20voulis/6__17_1988.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department of Labour [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dl/dl.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument ) ) ) [40] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F3. Workplace adaptations [theme_slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations [theme_id] => 40 [contents] => The general principles outlining reasonable accommodation in the workplace are legitimised by the People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000, amendment 2007) and provides for flexible work arrangements which specifies that the equality treatment authority should be applied by referring to the relevant EU direction. Also the UN CRPD ratification law clearly provides for reasonable accommodations (including flexible working arrangements). In addition adaptations on the built environment of the workplace are under the provisions of The Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 (Reg. 61.H) and the guidelines of the Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability. The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities runs the ’Financial assistance for technical equipment and other assistive means scheme‘, which finances personal equipment for disabled people on an individual basis. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 14:46:56 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => People with Disabilities Law of 2000 (N.127(I)/2000) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/93E0AC1BD61BE111C2257AA10047A3BF/$file/περί%20αμεα%20Νόμος.doc ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Scheme for the Provision of Technical and Other Assistive Means) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd19_gr/dsipd19_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/index/index?opendocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Roads and Buildings Regulations of 1999 (Reg. 61.H) [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/All/3BC82DF3DA86360BC22572A6004A620D?OpenDocument ) ) ) [41] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F4. Financial incentives [theme_slug] => f4-financial-incentives [theme_id] => 41 [contents] => The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities runs specific employment schemes that provide financial incentives for the employment of disabled workers in the open labour market. These programmes are:
  • scheme for supported employment: under which individuals with severe disabilities are employed in the open market with the support of a carer/support staff;
  • scheme for the development of small units for self-employment of people with disabilities: aims to increase motivation of people with disabilities to create their own employment units and to be integrated in the labour market. It provides a total funding of up to EUR 8,543.01 to individuals with disabilities (of 16-63 years of age) who cannot afford any type of self-employment, with a priority given to people with severe disabilities and/or with intellectual disabilities;

In addition, the Department of Labour of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance holds a Scheme for the Provision for Incentives for the Employment of People with Disabilities. The scheme is disability specific within the National Strategy of Social Policy 2014-2020, and it aims to encourage employers to employ people with disabilities and combat reluctance to do so either due to the view that disabled people are not productive or they are more costly to employ. Also, the Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in Wider Public Sector (Special Provisions) Law (N. 146(I)/2009) is an important piece of legislation introducing a hiring quota of 10% of disabled people in the public sector. In summary, this law concerns disabled people who have an impairment that reduces the possibility of their finding and maintaining a job. Applicants are expected to hold all the necessary qualifications for the job, to pass any written or oral exams required for the job and to be able to respond to the duties entailed in the job. The process, as defined by the law, necessitates that the applicants go through a committee set up by the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities that is expected to assess their disability and their suitability for executing the duties of the specific post. Following this, all the applicants are shortlisted and eligible persons with disabilities are recruited to the 10% of the posts available. Disabled people who are appointed to work for the public sector are entitled to assistive technology equipment and other arrangements that will facilitate their work. The Department of Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities is responsible for the implementation of the law. It is also expected to assess its impact and keep all the organisations informed (the Council of Ministers, the Houses of Parliament and the Cyprus Confederation of Organisations of Disabled People). Employment of People with Disabilities in the Private Sector, based on which private companies are funded with 75% of the annual employee cost (max. EUR 15,000 annually) for the first 24 months of employment. The scheme has been applied from 29 September 2009 to 30 June 2014 (application deadline was set on 31 December 2010), with a total budget of EUR 1 000 000. The initial aim was to employ 120 individuals with disabilities. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:10:43 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Vocational Training and Rehabilitation Schemes [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd26_gr/dsipd26_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Scheme for Development and Operation of Small Units for Purposes of Self-Employment of People with Disabilities) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd27_gr/dsipd27_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Scheme for the Provision for Incentives for the Employment of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dl/dl.nsf/all/E251DC420E039BC2C225805300468FAF?opendocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Recruitment of Persons with Disabilities in the Wider Public Sector Law of 2009 (N. 146(I)/2009) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/All/5E5F3AD92A3FA954C2257AA100466BA1/$file/Νόμος%20Ποσόστωσης.doc ) ) ) [43] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G1. Official research [theme_slug] => g1-official-research [theme_id] => 43 [contents] => The Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities (i.e. the Ombudsman and Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights, being also the Equality Authority in Cyprus), is the independent mechanism for the promotion, protection and monitoring of the UN Convention. Hence, the authority undertakes research on disability equality and collects data for monitoring the implementation of the UN CRPD in Cyprus. This type of official research aims to examine matters relating to violations of the principle of equal treatment or human rights violations under the Convention, on its own initiative or upon the receipt of individual or group complaints. The Independent Authority may, furthermore, conduct investigations of matters pertaining to the Convention, organise awareness-raising campaigns and promote the protection and entrenchment of the rights of persons with disabilities in general. In addition, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities holds the responsibility of the focal point for the Republic of Cyprus for the implementation of the UN Convention and is also expected to undertake research on disability equality and to conduct surveys regarding disabled people in Cyprus. Together with the first Report of Cyprus for the Implementation of the UN CRPD, in 2013 the department published a Core Document with general information that completes the initial report and provides information about the demographic, economic, social and cultural situation of people with disabilities in Cyprus, information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and finally discusses the issues of human rights. The Department has also developed the new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health of the World Health Organisation. It is expected that the system will enable the collection of statistics and the development of indicators related to the application of the Convention, by creating a National Register of Disabled People. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:16:30 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.ombudsman.gov.cy/Ombudsman/ombudsman.nsf/page09_en/page09_en?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Responsibilities of the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd03_gr/dsipd03_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Documents on the UN Convention) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd06_gr/dsipd06_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [44] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G2. Census data [theme_slug] => g2-census-data [theme_id] => 44 [contents] => The Cyprus Statistical Service is the national Census agency for data collection in different areas. No disability specific statistics are available on the website of the Cyprus Statistical Service. Disability is not included in the Demographic Report of 2015, which is the latest available completed Demographic Report in Cyprus. With respect to the latest statistical data of the Cyprus Statistical Service related to the population and social conditions, students with disabilities are included in the Statistics in the Education Report (2013/2014). Also, the Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities reports statistical data on the number of social funding schemes' recipients, available in the Department’s Annual Reports. In July 2013, The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities published a Core Document with general information on demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of people with disabilities in Cyprus, as well as information about the constitutional, political and legal framework of disability issues and discusses human rights issues. The Department has recently implemented a new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health of the World Health Organisation. It is expected that the new system will provide updated information to all public services related to persons with disabilities. It will thereby provide information on the number, nature and degree of disability and the needs and capabilities of each person so that each person will be given adequate support. It also will enable the collection of statistics and the development of indicators related to the application of the Convention, by creating a National Register of People with Disabilities. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:23:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Statistical Service: Demographic Report 2015 [url] => ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Statistics for Education 2013/2014 [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/All/204AA86C4060D499C22577E4002CA3E3/$file/EDUCATION-13_14-021216.pdf?OpenElement ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Statistical Service: Population Census 2011 [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/populationcondition_22main_en/populationcondition_22main_en?OpenForm&sub=2&sel=2 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Annual Reports) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd29_gr/dsipd29_gr?OpenDocument ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (Documents on the UN Convention) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd08_en/dsipd08_en?OpenDocument ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion for People with Disabilities (National Register of Disabled) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd07_gr/dsipd07_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [45] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G3. Labour Force Survey [theme_slug] => g3-labour-force-survey [theme_id] => 45 [contents] => The annual Labour Force Surveys are prepared by the Cyprus Statistical Service. The Labour Force Survey of 2013 identified people with disabilities under the general groups of people with part-time employment, where 'incapability or disability' was reported as one of the reasons for part-time employment. In the latest LFS data of 2017 people with disabilities are not identified, and no latest report is yet available. In the attached questionnaires for the LFS in 2016, disability is requested/identified under the possible reasons of unemployment, part-time employment or absence (own illness, injury or (temporary) disability). Statistical data of the LFS report (Labour Statistics 2012) regarding people with disabilities mainly refers to statistics about retirement pensions (disablement pension) and statistics about reasons for professional status (part-time, self-employed, employee or unemployed). Finally, no categories of people with disabilities are included in the Labour Force Survey data of the second trimester of 2015 currently available. [update_date] => 2017-06-05 12:00:14 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Statistical Service: Labour Force Survey 2013 [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/All/55C48928615EF0C3C22578C3002E19A3/$file/LFS-2013-130614.pdf?OpenElement ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Labour Statistics 2012 [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/All/45093BCB88A1C158C2257712003F5524/$file/LABOUR_STATISTICS-2012-050914.pdf?OpenElement ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Statistical Service: Main data on labour force (Key figures) [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/labour_31main_en/labour_31main_en?OpenForm&sub=1&sel=2 ) ) ) [46] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G4. Disability equality indicators [theme_slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators [theme_id] => 46 [contents] => There are no disability equality indicators based on public data sources. [update_date] => 2012-12-03 13:38:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service [url] => http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/dmlIndicator_main_en/dmlIndicator_main_en?OpenDocument ) ) ) [48] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H1. Awareness raising programs [theme_slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs [theme_id] => 48 [contents] => The Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities as well as the Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities (Office of the Ombudsman and Commission for the Protection and Human Rights) are responsible for raising public awareness of the equality and rights of disabled people. Seminars, day events, round tables, presentations and various publications are organised from time to time for this purpose. [update_date] => 2017-06-05 12:05:26 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Independent Authority for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.ombudsman.gov.cy/Ombudsman/ombudsman.nsf/page09_gr/page09_gr?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities (Mission/Vision) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd02_gr/dsipd02_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Authority Against Discrimination (Ombudsman) [url] => http://www.ombudsman.gov.cy/ombudsman/ombudsman.nsf/page06_gr/page06_gr?OpenDocument ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Commission for the Protection and Human Rights [url] => http://www.human-rights.cy.net/index-commm.html ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Equality Authority (Ombudsman) [url] => http://www.ombudsman.gov.cy/Ombudsman/ombudsman.nsf/page09_gr/page09_gr?OpenDocument ) ) ) [49] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H2. Training for teachers [theme_slug] => h2-training-for-teachers [theme_id] => 49 [contents] => Disability awareness/equality issues are a compulsory part of initial teacher training programs for pre-primary and primary school teachers. For example, a number of public and private universities (e.g. the University of Cyprus (public university) and the European University Cyprus (private university) offer compulsory courses on the introduction to Special/Inclusive Education addressed to pre-primary and primary school student-teachers, as well as elective courses in specialisation classes. Similarly, universities also offer postgraduate degrees on subjects of inclusive education and the education of children with disabilities as well as relevant courses to Pre- and In-Service Teacher Training Programmes (for both primary and secondary education teachers). In addition, the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Cyprus Pedagogical Institute organise in-service teacher training seminars on special needs education and disability issues available to primary and secondary school teachers. Disabled people are not generally involved in these programmes as teacher trainers. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:27:55 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education - Country Information (Cyprus) [url] => http://www.european-agency.org/country-information/cyprus/national-overview/teacher-training-basic-and-specialist-teacher-training ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ministry of Education and Culture [url] => http://www.moec.gov.cy/ ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Pedagogical Institute [url] => http://www.pi.ac.cy ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, Department of Education, Postgraduate Programmes of Study [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/edu/el/academicprogramms/undergraduate ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, Department of Education, Postgraduate Programmes of Study: [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/edu/el/academicprogramms/postgraduate ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, Department of Education, Pre-Service Teachers Training Programmes [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/edu/el/academicprogramms/pre-service-teacher-training-programme ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European University Cyprus, Department of Education, Programmes of Study [url] => http://www.euc.ac.cy/en/school-of-arts--education-sciences/programs-of-study ) [7] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Nicosia, Education Sciences – Special Education [url] => https://www.unic.ac.cy/schools/school-education/department-education/education-sciences-special-education-med-15-years-or-3 ) ) ) [50] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H3. Training for lawyers [theme_slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers [theme_id] => 50 [contents] => According to the Cyprus Bar Association and the Cyprus Bar Council, disability awareness/equality issues are not part of the initial or in-service training of lawyers. At the university level, the undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes offered by public and private universities in Law do not include any particular courses on disability/equality issues. The only relevant courses mentioned are related to Human Rights Law and United Nations Law. [update_date] => 2017-06-05 12:14:25 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Bar Association [url] => http://www.cyprusbarassociation.org/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, Law Programmes [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/law/el/ ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European University Cyprus, Law Programmes [url] => http://www.euc.ac.cy/easyconsole.cfm/id/175/dep/1159/program_id/50 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Nicosia, Law Programmes [url] => https://www.unic.ac.cy/schools/school-law/department-law/law-llb-4-years ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Neapolis University, Law Programmes [url] => http://www.nup.ac.cy/gr/school-of-law-and-social-sciences/ ) ) ) [51] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H4. Training for doctors [theme_slug] => h4-training-for-doctors [theme_id] => 51 [contents] => Currently, the University of Cyprus (public university) and two private Universities (European University Cyprus and the University of Nicosia) are operating Medical Schools in Cyprus. Their publicly available programmes of study, however, do not include any particular courses on disability/equality issues. The only relevant courses mentioned are related to Sociology in Medicine. Training of doctors is offered and certified in public hospitals. According to the Cyprus Medical Association, disability assessment and training presently is not based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health issued by the World Health Organisation. Awareness and training of doctors and other health professionals on ICF, is part of the new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning of persons with disabilities, developed by the Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. In addition other associations and networks of doctors in collaboration with parents’ associations, are sometimes offering seminars related to disability (especially for children) to medical staff, parents and doctors. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:31:43 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Medical Association [url] => http://www.cyma.org.cy/cyma.org/index.php ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Department for Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (new System for the Assessment of Disability and Functioning) [url] => http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dsid/dsid.nsf/dsipd06_gr/dsipd06_gr?OpenDocument ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, School of Medicine [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/medical/el/ ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European University Cyprus, School of Medicine [url] => http://www.euc.ac.cy/en/schools--departments/school-of-medicine ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Nicosia, Medical School [url] => https://www.unic.ac.cy/schools/medical-school/medicine-mbbs-4-years-graduate-entry-cooperation-st-georges-university-london ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Paidiatros.com [url] => http://paidiatros.com/ ) ) ) [52] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H5. Training for engineers [theme_slug] => h5-training-for-engineers [theme_id] => 52 [contents] => The Department of Multimedia and Graphic Design of the Cyprus University of Technology offers a compulsory Universal Design course for undergraduate students. Disability awareness is not a part of other engineering or relevant training, and studies in any other universities, though it may be discussed in courses related to engineering, design (e.g. in computer science courses) and social issues. Information about disability and accessibility issues is made available to engineers and designers from the Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability, of the Ministry of Works which is responsible for the accessibility regulations and measures in public works. [update_date] => 2017-06-05 12:22:19 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Design Bureau for the Accessibility of Persons with Disability [url] => http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dbpd/disabledaccess.nsf/index/index?opendocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Mechanical Engineers’ Association [url] => http://www.cmea.org.cy/ ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Architects Association [url] => http://www.architecture.org.cy/ ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus University of Technology, of Multimedia and Graphic Design, Programmes of Study (3rd year – Design for All) [url] => http://www.cut.ac.cy/mga/%CE%A0%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%80%CF%84%CF%85%CF%87%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AD%CF%82+%CE%A3%CF%80%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%B4%CE%AD%CF%82/ ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Cyprus, Faculty of Engineering [url] => http://www.ucy.ac.cy/fae/en/ ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => European University Cyprus, Department of Computer Science & Engineering [url] => http://www.euc.ac.cy/easyconsole.cfm/id/167 ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Frederick University, Programmes of Studies [url] => http://www.frederick.ac.cy/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2:programs-of-study&catid=11&Itemid=725&showall=&limitstart=2 ) [7] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University of Nicosia, School of Sciences & Engineering [url] => https://www.unic.ac.cy/schools/school-sciences-and-engineering ) ) ) [53] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H6. International development aid [theme_slug] => h6-international-development-aid [theme_id] => 53 [contents] => Disability mainstreaming is not identified in the National Reform Programme and Cyprus objectives, for the Europe 2020 Strategy, in relation to international development aid to other countries. The Operational Programme of 'Employment, Human Resources and Social Cohesion' includes people with disabilities as the beneficiaries in Priority Axis 3: Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion in (a) Project: System for the Evaluation of Functionality and Disability), and (b) Project: Incentives to industry for new employment positions: for vulnerable groups including people with disabilities. In addition, in relation to international development aid the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations received funding from international organisations to carry out research and awareness raising activities in collaboration with other countries. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:34:27 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development, (Programming Period 2014-2020) [url] => http://www.dgepcd.gov.cy/dgepcd/dgepcd.nsf/page09_en/page09_en?OpenDocument ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus Structural Funds: Employment, Human Resources and Social Cohesion Plan [url] => http://www.structuralfunds.org.cy/Employment-Human-Resources-and-Social-Cohesion ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cyprus National Reform Programmes [url] => https://ec.europa.eu/info/files/cyprus-national-reform-programme_en ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Projects of the Cyprus Confederation of Disabled People’s Organisations [url] => http://www.kysoa.org.cy/kysoa/page.php?pageID=22&mpath=/6 ) ) ) ) ) ) )