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Czech Republic

A. UN Convention status

A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention

The Czech Republic signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on 30 March 2007. The procedure of CRPD ratification was accomplished in September 2009; the Czech Republic ratified CRPD on 28 September 2009. CRPD was promulgated on 2 February 2010 in the Collection of International Treaties under No. 10/2010.

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Update date: Sun, 2012-12-02

A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol

The Czech Republic signed the Optional Protocol on 30 March 2007 but without ratification. The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Czech Republic No. 385 of 25 May 2015, gives a task to the Government to prepare and submit a proposal to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by 31 December 2016.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections

There have not been any declarations, reservations or objections submitted by the party.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

A4. Comprehensive review

The Czech Republic signed both documents, with subject to ratification of the Protocol. The ratification process of the Convention was held in accordance with Government Guidelines for the Negotiation, National Discussion, and Implementation and Termination of International Treaties. The responsible co-ordinating body for implementation of the Convention is the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. After approval of the Convention by the Government, the Convention was submitted, together with a comprehensive overview of existing legislation (the Government Proposal to the Parliament No. 812 to make an agreement with the ratification of CRPD) to the Parliament asking for a vote of ratification. Given that the Convention is an international treaty governing the rights and obligations of persons (Article 49 point. A of the Constitution of the Czech Republic), the Convention belongs to the category of presidential conventions. Therefore, in accordance with Article 10 of the Constitution of the Czech Republic the admission required approval of both chambers of Parliament of the Czech Republic. The president then ratified the Convention.

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Update date: Thu, 2012-12-06

A5. Focal point

The Government of the Czech Republic authorised the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare to be the Government body responsible for the matters relating to a focal point.

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Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

A6. Coordination mechanism

The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare has been authorised by the Czech Government to facilitate related actions in different sectors and levels with the aim to constitute coordination mechanism such as other Ministries, Government Board for Citizens with Disabilities, disability organisations and other social partners such as Association of Employers.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

A7. Independent mechanism

The Public Defender of Rights protects people against the conduct of authorities and other institutions if such conduct is against the law, does not correspond to the principles of a democratic legal state and the principles of good administration, or the authorities are inactive.
He/she also carries out preventive systematic visits to places where people are restricted in their freedom and seeks to ensure that their rights are respected. The Defender also contributes to promotion of the right to equal treatment and protection of persons with disabilities against discrimination. Since 2018, the Public Defender of Rights will be responsible for monitoring and reporting on the implementation of the UN CRPD 2017.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

A8. Official reporting

The Czech Republic submitted to the UN Convention Committee its initial state report on schedule in October 2011 and it was published by the UN June 2013.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-03-03

A9. Shadow reporting

An independent report was prepared and published in the Czech Republic in 2011. The Human Rights League together with the National Association for Support of People with Intellectual Disabilities and their Families and other disability NGOs during 2011 collated data and information for a 'shadow report'. In addition the Czech National Disability Council completed an open on-line survey tool with the aim to gather information for the 'shadow' report from its member organisations and people with disabilities themselves. Reports were submitted for the UN Committee session from Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children-Czech Republic and a Coalition of NGOs and DPOs.

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Update date: Wed, 2015-03-11

B. General legal framework

B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

Fundamental rights, including the right to freedom of movement and the right to choose where to live, are protected by the constitutional law, in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (Listina základních práv a svobod, art. 15). On 1 September 2009 Act 198/2009 Coll. on equal treatment and legal means of protection against discrimination (the Anti-discrimination Law) came into force. The Anti-discrimination Law provides definitions of discrimination, including harassment, indirect discrimination and victimisation, on seven grounds: racial/ethnic origin, sex, disability, sexual orientation, age and religion or belief. The law establishes the Defender of Rights (Czech ombudsman) the anti-discrimination body. The Anti-discrimination law has a broad scope, covering work and employment relations, access to employment, self-employment and occupation, health care and education, social security and social protection, social advantages and services including housing for all grounds to the same extent, and therefore goes beyond the requirements of directives.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

B2. Recognition of legal capacity

The new Civil Code that became effective on 1 January 2014 embeds fundamental changes regarding the legal capacity of a person and regulates the rules for its potential limitations. The accepted legal regulation moves away from the former concept of 'substitute decision-making' (when a guardian made decisions on behalf of the person with disabilities which often excluded the person with disabilities from social life). This concept has been replaced with by the concept of 'support' or 'assisted' decision-making based on the premise that all persons are capable to make their own decisions, but might need a greater or lesser degree of support. A greater emphasis is put on the autonomy of will, independence and social integration of the person concerned and the means that help in making decision in legal matters have a priority. The Civil Code provides various methods of supporting such persons in their decision-making so that courts have a wider range of options when deciding on a person that does not have a full legal capacity. The amendment was followed by a corresponding procedural amendment embedding the procedural rights of such persons within proceedings regarding their personal status, regulated by the Act on Special Legal Proceedings.

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Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

B3. Accessibility of voting and elections

Paragraph 3 of Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms expressly states that 'The right to vote is universal and equal, and shall be exercised by secret ballot. The conditions for exercising the right to vote shall be provided for by law.' The sufficient accessibility of elections for persons with disabilities is a key for exercising their political rights. This includes access to information about the elections that is suitable, accessible and comprehensible (e.g. for persons with sensory or mental disabilities) as well as the right to vote as persons with mental disorders or disabilities are often denied this right. According to the new Civil Code, it is up to the court to make that decision, even though there are no adequate methods of determining the ability to vote. Those who are not able to form their own opinion for medical reasons, temporarily or permanently, will not exercise this right.

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Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

B4. Official recognition of sign language

In the Czech Republic Communication Systems of the Deaf and Deaf- blind Persons Act 155\1998 Coll. recognises the Czech sign language as an official language. The Act further stipulates that deaf and deaf- blind persons have the right to freely choose the communication systems referred to in this Act and the one that meets their needs. Their choice must be respected as much as possible so that they can equally and effectively participate in all aspects of life and exercise their legal rights. The signed language and communication systems are defined in the Act as the Czech sign language and the communication systems based on the Czech language.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

B5. National disability strategy and action plan

The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities for the period of 2015–2020 (hereinafter the National Plan) is submitted on the basis of Government Resolution No. 567 of 14 July 2014 that requires the Minister for Human Rights, Equal Opportunities and Legislation to draw up this document and submit it to the Czech Government for hearing. The primary goal and purpose of the National Plan is to follow the state policy established in this area, to continue promoting and supporting integration of persons with disabilities and to fulfil the articles of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities through specific measures. The Plan is divided into five chapters. The first chapter contains basic information related to this strategic document. The second chapter describes the contact and circumstances of the creation of the National Plan, briefly maps the development of the support for persons with disabilities after 1989, including the history of already implemented National Plans, and points out the most important relevant international and national documents related to this issue. The third chapter describes the preparation and creation of the National Plan. The fourth chapter, which is the most extensive one, provides a list of the strategic areas of the support for persons with disabilities that the National Plan focuses on. The content of these areas follows the articles of the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The introduction of each strategic area contains a brief characteristic of the article of the Convention that the particular area follows, a brief description of the current situation in the Czech Republic, the objectives that are set for the following period and a set of term and continuous measures, including the ministries that are responsible for their implementation. Some measures will be fulfilled in cooperation with other organisations (Czech National Disability Council, Czech Confederation of Employers’ and Entrepreneurs’ Associations, Czech Statistical Office). The final chapter deals with the provision of funds for the implementation of the measures contained in the National Plan.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

C. Accessibility

C1. Transport accessibility

Regarding transport structures, the principle of non-discrimination focuses mainly on accessibility of transport routes for passengers with limited mobility and orientation. Solutions of all constructions in terms of their barrier-free accessibility and usage are contained in Implementing Decrees to the Building Act- implementing Decrees No. 398/2009 Coll., No. 499/2006 Coll., No. 501/2006 Coll., No. 503/2006 Coll.

Issues of the barrier-free usage have also been incorporated in national technical standards: ČSN 73 6110 Design of Local Communications (2006), ČSN 73 6425 Bus, Trolleybus and Tram Stops, Part 1: Design of Stops (2007).

The Czech Ministry of Transport has participated in the preparation of the European Parliament and of the Council Regulation on the Rights of Passengers in Bus and Coach Transport which will come into force on 1 March 2013 (Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 concerning the Rights of Passengers in Bus and Coach Transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004). This Regulation is, inter alia, targeted at persons with limited mobility in consequence of disability, and it was adopted with a view to enabling such persons to travel by bus and coach at a comparable level with other citizens.

In railroad transport, the accessibility for persons with disabilities is incorporated in all programmes. By construction, update or renovation, the railroad constructions are designed and realised to meet the requirements of barrier-free accessibility according to the  Decree No. 398/2009 Coll., on General Technical Requirements for Barrier-Free Usage of Constructions).

The Czech Railways Company stipulates in the Transportation Order (Přepravní řád) rights of persons with reduced mobility in rail transportation.  Persons with different categories of disability have access to travel information on website of the Czech Railways Company.Persons with reducedmobility have the right to use the services of Railways comparable to other citizens. Persons with reduced mobility are passengers who have difficulty used rail and associated infrastructure as a result of disability, age or any other factor. Railways requires from a passenger with reduced mobility request in writing special technical provision or assistance 24 hours before the journey. The Czech Railways Company has right to refuse transportation of a person with reduced mobility for technical reasons. In this case the Czech Railways Company has inform the passenger about the reasons  5 working days from the refusal to transport passengers and suggest alternative solutions.

Second, if the passenger fails to comply with the deadline for reporting their traffic and arrives at the departure train carriage will be refused with reference to the provisions of Article 118, point. d) SPPO and passenger will be recommended another suitable connection, for which the carriage can be

operationally secure, without delays.

The update and operation of nation-wide railways incorporated in the European rail system are subject to principles of the directly applicable EU regulation which is the Commission Decision on Technical Specifications for Interoperability Relating to Persons with Limited Mobility and Orientation in Trans-European Conventional and High-Speed Rail System (Commission Decision 2008/164/EC of 21 December 2007 concerning Technical Specifications of Interoperability Relating to Persons with Reduced Mobility in Trans-European Conventional and High-Speed Rail System).

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Update date: Thu, 2012-12-06

C2. Built environment accessibility

The Act No. 183/2006 Coll, Building Act (stavební zákon) is the main legal instrument in terms of built environment accessibility. The Building Act requires buildings to be accessible to disabled people, children, older people and pregnant women. This requirement applies to buildings, hospitals, schools, shops and industry, transportation, public facilities and houses with apartments for rent. The Edict No. 501/2006 Coll. requires public areas to be accessible.

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Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

C3. ICT and Web accessibility

Decree No. 64/2008 Coll. on the Form of Disclosure of Information Relating to the Performance of Public Administration through Web Pages for Disabled Persons (Decree on Accessibility) is currently in force and sets out binding rules for web sites of public administration bodies only.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

D. Independent living

D1. Choice of living arrangements

The Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., in its opening provision, states that the scope and form of assistance and support provided through social services must assure the human dignity of the service users. Social services must be provided in the interests of the users, be of a good quality and in ways that rigorously ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms (Section 2). The social services should support service users in their community participation. Social services including residential services are provided on a contractual basis between provider and service uses. The Act on Social Services obliges service providers to ensure that a service user is acquainted with the service contract and signs it, or has it signed by his/her legal representative. This legal provision is an important tool for protecting the right to choose where to live, including living in an institution.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

D2. De-institutionalisation

According to the Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll. the aim of social services is strengthening social inclusion of service users. Furthermore § 3 e) specifies social inclusion as a process, which ensures that people who are socially excluded or at risk of social exclusion have possibilities and opportunities that help them to participate fully in economic, social and cultural life, and live in the the way which society considers as normal.

Since 2010 the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs has been implementing a project on deinstitutionalisation “Support for Transformation of Social Services”, within the framework of the EU Integrated Operational Programme with a budget of 56 million EUR . The aim of the project is to support the transformation process of residential social care. Individual projects have been funded by 100% of the total eligible costs. The project’s goal is to pilot a deinstitutionalisation process including comprehensive planning, staff training, and assessment of the needs of service users. Through creating networks of sheltered flats within the ordinary community these initiatives should reduce the capacity of large residential institutions in favour of community based alternatives. This programme is focused on the entire territory of the country with the exception of the capital city of Prague. The recipient may be a regional authority or municipality, which is committed to providing new and individually tailored support to users of transformed facilities.

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Update date: Thu, 2012-12-06

D3. Quality of social services

The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and the Regional Authorities are responsible for the quality inspection process of social services. The control of quality of social services is part of the inspection mechanism. Subject to inspection are (pursuant to Section 97 Paragraph 2 of the Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., as amended): a) compliance with the requirements for registration of social service; b) obligations of social service providers in Sections 88 and 89 of the Act on Social Services; c) quality of social services, which are verified in accordance with Section 99 of the Act on Social Services through social service quality standards (see Annex 2 of Decree No. 505/2006 Coll., as amended). Quality of social services is monitored using the following evidence: interview with randomly selected users, preview of an interview of the employee with a service user, observation of an individual, interviews with a referring employee, analysis of the contract between the service provider and the service user, analysis of the respondent’s personal file, and observations (physical environment, activities, privacy etc.). The legal framework of the social services (Act on Social Services No. 108/2006, Coll., as amended) brought obligations for the service providers to formulate an internally written system for a complaint mechanism.

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Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

D4. Provision of assistive devices at home

Assistive devices at home for persons with disabilities are financially supported in accordance with The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, pursuant to paragraph 37 of Act no. 329/2011 Coll. 'On providing benefits, the care allowance, and the certificate to people with disabilities'. Persons – Czech citizens and foreigners - have a right to a care allowance, benefits and the certificate if they are registered as permanent residents in the Czech Republic and have their residence here. Relevant acts stipulate other eligible persons if they have their residence in the Czech Republic. In the range of persons covered, there are also EU nationals who are subject of directly applicable legislation of the EU (Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 in the case of the care allowance and Regulation (EU) No. 492/2011 in the case of benefits and the certificate).

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes

In the Czech Republic personal assistance services are intended for people whose capabilities are limited because of disability, age or illness, for example in the areas of personal care, use of public places, household care, contact with family and broader society. The service is provided in the environment where a person lives, works, etc. The personal assistance services include reading, interpreting and guiding services. The Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., as amended, introduced in 2007 the new financial instrument ’contribution for care’ for persons with disabilities to directly cover the cost of personal assistance. The contribution for care was designed to pay for the required personal assistance provided by a family member or other informal careers or by a professional social care service organisation. The amount of contribution for care depends on the level of care needed (level of dependence on care provided by another person) by an individual with a disability. The level of dependence is assessed by a social worker and a medical doctor. Using the contribution for care, people with disabilities of all ages and their families are expected to cover the required assistance and support ensured by a family member or by a professional organisation on the basis of a contract.

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Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

D6. Income maintenance

Full disability pension: An insured person may qualify for a full disability pension provided that: s/he has become fully disabled and has completed the required period of insurance and s/he has not fulfilled conditions for entitlement to old age pension on the date of the beginning of the full disability, or, if s/he has been awarded a permanently reduced early old-age pension for reasons of having not reached retirement age / s/he has become fully disabled as a result of an injury at work or an occupational disease / Partial disability pension - an insured person may qualify for a partial disability pension provided that: s/he has become partially disabled and was insured for the necessary period; s/he has become partially disabled as a consequence of an injury at work or an occupational disease

Partial disability pension and earned income

If the average earned income per month:

  • does not exceed 66 per cent of the personal assessment base on which the pension was calculated and which was increased in relation to the general increase in wages in the period between granting the pension and the date of the earned income check (hereinafter 'comparable assessment base'), the partial disability pension is paid in its full amount.
  • is higher than 66 per cent but does not exceed 80 per cent of the comparable assessment base, the partial disability pension will amount to 50 per cent of the calculation base and 50 per cent of the percentage assessment.
  • exceeds s 80 per cent of the comparable assessment base, the partial disability pension is not paid.

Partial disability pension is paid:

  • in its full amount, if the total earned income in a calendar year does not exceed the sum of the minimum subsistence level multiplied by twelve (effective on 1st January of the relevant calendar year in which the average monthly income of the person concerned is assessed).
  • regardless of earned income, if the person was awarded pension due to disability considerably aggravating his/her general living conditions. This type of pension is awarded even if the beneficiary works abroad. In other cases when the person concerned works abroad, the partial disability pension is not paid.

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Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

D7. Additional costs

Grant for special aid is a one-off obligatory benefit for aids not covered by the health insurance system enabling self-reliance, working activities, education, social contacts. The grant is intended for people with a severe handicap, blind or deaf. The grant in the case of aid 'vehicle' or 'special restraint systems' is granted to persons with serious mental handicap as well. Ministerial decree determines a list of aid for purposes of this benefit, for example: vehicle, guide dog, Braille printing machine, signal of doorbell, certain special modification of vehicle or flat. The amount of the grant for special aid is settled under 3 regimes (aids with price under and over CZK 24,000 and a vehicle). In the case of an aid with price under CZK 24,000 the grant is provided only to people with income less than 8.0 living minimum. Some exceptions are allowed (when the person needs several aids in this price level, has higher income but is not able to buy these aids). The grant in the case of an aid with price over CZK 24,000 is not income-tested, client’s participation is 10% of the price of an aid, at least CZK 1,000. There is an exception for low income people, but minimal participation is always CZK 1,000. Maximum amount of the grant is CZK 350,000 or CZK 400,000 in case when the aid is a 'staircase lift'. Maximum grant in the case when the aid is a 'vehicle' is CZK 200,000, and the amount is set individually with respect to frequency and reasons of the transport, income of the entitled person (and related persons) and social and property circumstances.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

D8. Retirement income

The Czech pension system consists of two parts. The first part is the mandatory basic pension insurance, defined by benefits and funded on a running basis (pay-as-you-go = PAYGO). The system is universal and provides for all economically active individuals; the legal regulation is the same for all insured persons and there are no industry-specific schemes etc. The pension from the basic pension insurance is drawn upon by more than 99% of the population whose age is higher than the retirement age. In addition, there is a voluntary, complementary, additional pension insurance with state contributions, that is defined by contributions (DC) and capital funded. The additional pension insurance can be, according to the EU terminology, considered the third pillar of the pension system. The third pillar also includes products offered by commercial insurance companies, particularly life insurance. Pensions granted from the third pillar so far represent only a negligible portion of incomes of the retired. The second pillar, which is usual in EU member states (employer pension schemes), is absent in the Czech pension insurance system. The fundamental substantive law regulation which governs the entitlement to a pension from the basic pension insurance, methods of determination of pension benefits and conditions of payment, is Act No. 155/1995 Coll., on pension insurance, as amended, which came into effect on 1 January 1996. The following pensions are provided from the basic pension insurance: old-age (including the so-called early old-age pension), disability, widow and widower and orphan. Each pension consists of the following components: a basic, fixed amount identical for all types of pensions, regardless of the insurance duration and income) and a percentage amount, which as assessed. If conditions that entitle a person to several pensions of the same type have been met regarding payment of an old-age pension or disability pension, then only one pension will be paid, specifically the higher one.

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Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

E. Education

E1. Special schools

The Constitution of the Czech Republic, adopted on 16 December 1992, provides a general legal framework for future legal development. The rights of citizens and the obligations of the State with regard to education were established in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (the Constitutional Law). First and foremost it guarantees the right to education, i.e. ‘free education at basic and secondary schools and according to a citizen’s abilities and society’s possibilities also at higher education institutions’ (Art. 33.1). From 1 January 2004 children with disabilities have, by law, been permitted to be educated not only in special schools but also in mainstream schools through the so-called individual integration. Head teachers make the decision about the individual integration of children with disabilities, on the basis of a request from their parents (or guardian) and a recommendation of a special education centre. Head teachers of special schools make also decisions regarding enrolling a child into a special school. The head teacher of a local mainstream school (to which a child living in a respective municipality and administratively belongs to) has now a duty to enroll a child with disability if parents or regal representatives wish so.

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Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

E2. Mainstream schools

The Education Law was approved in September 2004, and came into force in January 2005. The Law has been updated several times since reflecting trends towards inclusive education. The Act on Education guarantees that the provisions and services required for supporting pupils with special needs are available to children and/or pupils at all levels of education, no matter where the child is educated (mainstream and/or special settings). Pupils with special needs have the right to be provided with support provisions free of charge, which include adapted text books, specific teaching materials, compensatory and rehabilitation equipment and tools, as well as support and counselling services, additional support staff and additional teaching in specific subjects (speech therapy, sign language, orientation and mobility, stimulating techniques, etc.). The Act on Education stipulates that alternative communication and/or sign language is available for those pupils who cannot use oral language. Braille print is available for pupils who cannot read regular print. Support staff is available, as well as individual educational plans. The latest amendment of Education Law 2017 defines a catalogue of support provisions for children with special educational needs in mainstream schools.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-08-18

E3. Sign language and Braille in school

The law on sign language, passed in 1998 opened the way for the provision of interpreting services for Deaf pupils; Section 7 gives Deaf and Deaf-blind pupils the rights to learn and be taught in sign language. Czech sign language has been codified by the 2008 amendment of the law as the natural communication system for the deaf. The amendment also establishes other communication systems for the deaf and for those suffering from deaf blindness.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

E4. Vocational training

The Czech Republic has transposed the Council Directive 2000/78/EC, establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and training into national legislation. The Law on Employment No. 435/2004 Coll. provided a definition of vocational rehabilitation and introduced a number of important changes in the system of state subsidies in employment and training. Labour offices should provide individually tailored training employment services, including supported employment services, to people with disabilities. In particular, state support in training is provided within the framework of ’vocational rehabilitation‘, which is defined as ’a continuation of employment services that aim to find and retain employment for people with disabilities‘. The Labour Offices distribute the funding for vocational rehabilitation.

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Update date: Thu, 2012-12-06

E5. Higher education

The Constitution of the Czech Republic, adopted on 16 December 1992, provides a general legal framework for future legal development. The rights of citizens and the obligations of the State with regard to education were established in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (the Constitutional Law). First and foremost it guarantees the right to education, i.e. 'free education at basic and secondary schools and according to a citizen’s abilities and society’s possibilities also at tertiary education‘ (Art. 33.1). There is no legislation related to financial support for students with disabilities in higher education. This support is generally included in the Proclamatory in The Higher Education Act (1998) and in the National Disability Plan.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

F. Employment

F1. Non-discrimination in employment

The most relevant legislation in the Czech Republic regarding non-discrimination in employment is the General Act on Equal Treatment and Protection against Discrimination No. 198/2009 Coll. The Labour Code No. 262/2006 Sb. forbids direct and indirect discrimination in employment, in a similar way to the Act No. 435/2004 Coll., on Employment, as amended.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

F2. Public employment services

In the Czech Republic so called vocational rehabilitation is the main tool to support people with disabilities in employment. According to the Act on Employment 2004 (the Act No. 435/2004 Coll. on Employment, as amended) a person with a disability together with a Labour Office will decide on the form and content of vocational rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation should be tailored to the individual needs of the person. Moreover, under this Act, Labour Offices can contract provision of vocational rehabilitation services with NGOs or other providers. A second arrangement is ‘Training for a job‘; initial training of an individual with a disability for a suitable job based upon an agreement with the Labour Office. The training for a job may be performed with an assistant’s support. The training lasts for a maximum of 24 months. A third arrangement is ’Specialised retraining courses‘, performed under identical conditions as other retraining.

A sheltered work position (chráněné pracovní místo) is another mean for supporting people with disabilities in employment. Sheltered work position is a position created by an employer for an individual with a disability based upon a written agreement with the Labour Office. A sheltered work position must be maintained for at least 2 years from the day specified in the agreement.

The Labour Office may award an employer a contribution towards the creation of a sheltered work position. An employer who provided training for disabled individuals may receive full costs of such training for disabled individuals, from the Labour Office. An employer who employs more than 50 %persons with disabilities, out of the total number of employees, is entitled to a contribution.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2014-05-01

F3. Workplace adaptations

According to Act No. 435/2004 Coll. on Employment, Part Three, Section 79, Labour Offices are responsible for providing information and advice on issues related to employing people with disabilities, collaboration in the creation of suitable jobs for people with disabilities and co-operation in dealing with individual adaptation of jobs and working conditions for persons with disabilities. In the Czech Republic support is available to make adaptation to workplaces in the open labour market via a so called contribution for creating a sheltered working place. Employers (including businesses) that set up a job for a disabled citizen can be provided with a financial contribution of up to eight times the average wage in the national economy, by their respective labour office. The contribution shall be provided if the employer undertakes to meet the conditions provided by law. Contribution to the operation of sheltered working place can be provided for partial reimbursement of operating costs.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

F4. Financial incentives

The main financial incentive for the employment of disabled workers in the labour market is the quota system and state subsidies. Employers who employ more than 25 persons are required to employ individuals with disabilities to the proportion of 4% of the total number of employees. The methods of meeting this obligation, that is employment relationship, acquisition of products and services or payments to the state budget, are considered to be equivalent and may be mutually combined.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

G. Statistics and data collection

G1. Official research

In the Czech Republic there is no official research institute or department responsible for research on disability equality and the collection of relevant data and statistics.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

G2. Census data

The Czech Statistical Office conducted surveys focused on disability in 2007 and 2013. The last National Census was conducted in 2011. Disabled people were not identified in the forms completed by the citizens.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

G3. Labour Force Survey

In the Czech Republic the available statistics provide only overall information on the number of persons with disability registered as job seekers, the number of vacancies suitable for persons with disabilities and the number of persons with disabilities eligible for one vacancy. With regards to where persons with disabilities are employed, there are only statistical data available on new work places in sheltered workshops. Similarly, there is no overall data on fulfillment of the disability employment quota. Data of the Czech Republic 2002 and 2012 were included in the ad-hoc module on employment of disabled people.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2012-12-06

G4. Disability equality indicators

There is no set of disability equality indicators based on public data sources.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H. Awareness and external action

H1. Awareness raising programs

An official responsibility or programme for promoting and raising public awareness of the equality and rights of disabled women and men were not identified.

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

H2. Training for teachers

Disability awareness/equality issues are part of initial training programmes. However such programmes are not compulsory. The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 sets up a task to the Government to encourage development of teacher training programs focused on the education of children, pupils and students with disabilities in mainstream education. In this respect, it is important to promote training of future teaching staff at university departments.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

H3. Training for lawyers

Disability awareness/equality issues are part of the initial professional training programmes for lawyers in the Czech Republic.

Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

H4. Training for doctors

Disability awareness/equality issues are part of the initial professional training programmes for medical doctors in the Czech Republic.

Update date: Mon, 2016-04-04

H5. Training for engineers

Some higher education institutions in engineering and architecture include issues of disability in their courses. There are several publications and guidelines for architects.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

H6. International development aid

Social international development and supporting the rights of people with disabilities is one of the sectoral priorities of the International Development Cooperation of the Czech Republic 2010-2017 approved by the Government in May 2010. The Czech Development Agency (CzDA) has taken up activities of the Czech Development Center. CzDA cooperates with the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the establishment of an institutional framework of the Czech development cooperation and participates in the creation of development cooperation programs between the Czech Republic and priority countries as well as on the other stages of the project cycle management also in disability mainstreaming.

Links

Update date: Wed, 2016-03-30

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        Array
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => united-kingdom
                    [title] => United Kingdom
                    [alias] => 
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                    [id] => 4
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                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => candidate-acceding-countries
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 3
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            [31] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => fyr-macedonia
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 33
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [32] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 35
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                    [lft] => 64
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => iceland
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 34
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [33] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 36
                    [parent_id] => 4
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                    [rgt] => 67
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => montenegro
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 35
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [34] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 37
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => serbia
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => turkey
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

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                    [lft] => 73
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                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => other-european-countries
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 4
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [id] => 39
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                    [rgt] => 75
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => liechtenstein
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 38
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [38] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 40
                    [parent_id] => 5
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                    [rgt] => 77
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => norway
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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        )

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                    [id] => 2
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 1
                    [rgt] => 20
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => a-un-convention-status
                    [title] => A. UN Convention status
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 1
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [1] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 3
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                    [rgt] => 3
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                    [title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 2
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                    [title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 3
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [3] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 5
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 4
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [id] => 6
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 8
                    [rgt] => 9
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 5
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [5] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 7
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 10
                    [rgt] => 11
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a5-focal-point
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 6
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [6] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 8
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 12
                    [rgt] => 13
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 7
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [7] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 9
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 8
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [8] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 10
                    [parent_id] => 2
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                    [rgt] => 17
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a8-official-reporting
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 9
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [9] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 11
                    [parent_id] => 2
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                    [rgt] => 19
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 10
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [10] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 12
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 21
                    [rgt] => 32
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => b-general-legal-framework
                    [title] => B. General legal framework
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 11
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [11] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 13
                    [parent_id] => 12
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                    [rgt] => 23
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation
                    [title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 12
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [12] => stdClass Object
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                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 24
                    [rgt] => 25
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity
                    [title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 13
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [13] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 15
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 26
                    [rgt] => 27
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections
                    [title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 14
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [14] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 16
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 28
                    [rgt] => 29
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language
                    [title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 15
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [15] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 17
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                    [lft] => 30
                    [rgt] => 31
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 16
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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                )

            [16] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 18
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 33
                    [rgt] => 40
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => c-accessibility
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 17
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [17] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 19
                    [parent_id] => 18
                    [lft] => 34
                    [rgt] => 35
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c1-transport-accessibility
                    [title] => C1. Transport accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 18
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [18] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 20
                    [parent_id] => 18
                    [lft] => 36
                    [rgt] => 37
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility
                    [title] => C2. Built environment accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 19
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [19] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 21
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                    [lft] => 38
                    [rgt] => 39
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility
                    [title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 20
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [20] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 22
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                    [lft] => 41
                    [rgt] => 58
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => d-independent-living
                    [title] => D. Independent living
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 21
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [21] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 23
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                    [lft] => 42
                    [rgt] => 43
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements
                    [title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 22
                    [state] => 1
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            [22] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 24
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                    [lft] => 44
                    [rgt] => 45
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 23
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [23] => stdClass Object
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                    [parent_id] => 22
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services
                    [title] => D3. Quality of social services
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 24
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
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                    [lft] => 48
                    [rgt] => 49
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home
                    [title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 25
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [25] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 27
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                    [rgt] => 51
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes
                    [title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 26
                    [state] => 1
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                )

            [26] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 28
                    [parent_id] => 22
                    [lft] => 52
                    [rgt] => 53
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d6-income-maintenance
                    [title] => D6. Income maintenance
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 27
                    [state] => 1
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            [27] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 29
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                    [rgt] => 55
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d7-additional-costs
                    [title] => D7. Additional costs
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 28
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

            [28] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 30
                    [parent_id] => 22
                    [lft] => 56
                    [rgt] => 57
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => d8-retirement-income
                    [title] => D8. Retirement income
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 29
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [29] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 31
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 59
                    [rgt] => 70
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => e-education
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 30
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 5
                )

            [30] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 32
                    [parent_id] => 31
                    [lft] => 60
                    [rgt] => 61
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e1-special-schools
                    [title] => E1. Special schools
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 31
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [31] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 33
                    [parent_id] => 31
                    [lft] => 62
                    [rgt] => 63
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e2-mainstream-schools
                    [title] => E2. Mainstream schools
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 32
                    [state] => 1
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                )

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                (
                    [id] => 34
                    [parent_id] => 31
                    [lft] => 64
                    [rgt] => 65
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school
                    [title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 33
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [33] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 35
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e4-vocational-training
                    [title] => E4. Vocational training
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 34
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [34] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 36
                    [parent_id] => 31
                    [lft] => 68
                    [rgt] => 69
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e5-higher-education
                    [title] => E5. Higher education
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 35
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [35] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 37
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 71
                    [rgt] => 80
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => f-employment
                    [title] => F. Employment
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 36
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 4
                )

            [36] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 38
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 72
                    [rgt] => 73
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment
                    [title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 37
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [37] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 39
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 74
                    [rgt] => 75
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f2-public-employment-services
                    [title] => F2. Public employment services
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 38
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [38] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 40
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 76
                    [rgt] => 77
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations
                    [title] => F3. Workplace adaptations
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [39] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 41
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 78
                    [rgt] => 79
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f4-financial-incentives
                    [title] => F4. Financial incentives
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 40
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [40] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 42
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 81
                    [rgt] => 90
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => g-statistics-and-data-collection
                    [title] => G. Statistics and data collection
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 41
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 4
                )

            [41] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 43
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 82
                    [rgt] => 83
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g1-official-research
                    [title] => G1. Official research
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 42
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [42] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 44
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 84
                    [rgt] => 85
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g2-census-data
                    [title] => G2. Census data
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 43
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [43] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 45
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 86
                    [rgt] => 87
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g3-labour-force-survey
                    [title] => G3. Labour Force Survey
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 44
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [44] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 46
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 88
                    [rgt] => 89
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators
                    [title] => G4. Disability equality indicators
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 45
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [45] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 47
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 91
                    [rgt] => 104
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => h-awareness-and-external-action
                    [title] => H. Awareness and external action
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 46
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 6
                )

            [46] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 48
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 92
                    [rgt] => 93
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs
                    [title] => H1. Awareness raising programs
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 47
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [47] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 49
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 94
                    [rgt] => 95
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h2-training-for-teachers
                    [title] => H2. Training for teachers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 48
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [48] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 50
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 96
                    [rgt] => 97
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers
                    [title] => H3. Training for lawyers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 49
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [49] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 51
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 98
                    [rgt] => 99
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h4-training-for-doctors
                    [title] => H4. Training for doctors
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 50
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [50] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 52
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 100
                    [rgt] => 101
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h5-training-for-engineers
                    [title] => H5. Training for engineers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 51
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [51] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 53
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 102
                    [rgt] => 103
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h6-international-development-aid
                    [title] => H6. International development aid
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 52
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

        )

    [results] => Array
        (
            [11] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [parent] => EU Member States
                    [location] => Czech Republic
                    [location_id] => 11
                    [location_slug] => czech-republic
                    [themes] => Array
                        (
                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                                    [theme_slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                                    [theme_id] => 3
                                    [contents] => The Czech Republic signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on 30 March 2007. The procedure of CRPD ratification was accomplished in September 2009; the Czech Republic ratified CRPD on 28 September 2009. CRPD was promulgated on 2 February 2010 in the Collection of International Treaties under No. 10/2010.
                                    [update_date] => 2012-12-02 17:37:52
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Collection of International Treaties No. 10/2010
                                                    [url] => http://www.mvcr.cz/soubor/sb004-10m-pdf.aspx
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                                    [theme_slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                                    [theme_id] => 4
                                    [contents] => The Czech Republic signed the Optional Protocol on 30 March 2007 but without ratification. The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Czech Republic No. 385 of 25 May 2015, gives a task to the Government to prepare and submit a proposal to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by 31 December 2016.
                                    [update_date] => 2016-03-30 13:18:56
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications
                                                    [url] => https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-15&chapter=4&lang=en
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                                    [theme_slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                                    [theme_id] => 5
                                    [contents] => There have not been any declarations, reservations or objections submitted by the party.
                                    [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:18:51
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                        )

                                )

                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                                    [theme_slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                                    [theme_id] => 6
                                    [contents] => The Czech Republic signed both documents, with subject to ratification of the Protocol. The ratification process of the Convention was held in accordance with Government Guidelines for the Negotiation, National Discussion, and Implementation and Termination of International Treaties. The responsible co-ordinating body for implementation of the Convention is the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. After approval of the Convention by the Government, the Convention was submitted, together with a comprehensive overview of existing legislation (the Government Proposal to the Parliament No. 812 to make an agreement with the ratification of CRPD) to the Parliament asking for a vote of ratification. Given that the Convention is an international treaty governing the rights and obligations of persons (Article 49 point. A of the Constitution of the Czech Republic), the Convention belongs to the category of presidential conventions. Therefore, in accordance with Article 10 of the Constitution of the Czech Republic the admission required approval of both chambers of Parliament of the Czech Republic. The president then ratified the Convention.
                                    [update_date] => 2012-12-06 09:20:58
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Government Proposal to the Parliament No. 812 to make an agreement with the ratification of CRPD
                                                    [url] => http://www.senat.cz/xqw/webdav/pssenat/original/51539/43806
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A5. Focal point
                                    [theme_slug] => a5-focal-point
                                    [theme_id] => 7
                                    [contents] => The Government of the Czech Republic authorised the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare to be the Government body responsible for the matters relating to a focal point.
                                    [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:12:59
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Government Board for Citizens with Disabilities (Vládní výbor pro osoby se zdravotním postižením) 
                                                    [url] => http://www.vlada.cz/cz/ppov/vvzpo/uvod-vvzpo-17734/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A6. Coordination mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 8
                                    [contents] => The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare has been authorised by the Czech Government to facilitate related actions in different sectors and levels with the aim to constitute coordination mechanism such as other Ministries,  Government Board for Citizens with Disabilities, disability organisations and other social partners such as  Association of Employers.
                                    [update_date] => 2016-03-30 13:20:04
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 9
                                    [contents] => The Public Defender of Rights protects people against the conduct of authorities and other institutions if such conduct is against the law, does not correspond to the principles of a democratic legal state and the principles of good administration, or the authorities are inactive.
He/she also carries out preventive systematic visits to places where people are restricted in their freedom and seeks to ensure that their rights are respected. The Defender also contributes to promotion of the right to equal treatment and protection of persons with disabilities against discrimination. Since 2018, the Public Defender of Rights will be responsible for monitoring and reporting on the implementation of the UN CRPD 2017. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:54:15 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Amendment of Law on the Public Defender of Rights [url] => http://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=120709 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Public Defender of Rights, Ombudsman [url] => http://www.ochrance.cz/en/ ) ) ) [10] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A8. Official reporting [theme_slug] => a8-official-reporting [theme_id] => 10 [contents] => The Czech Republic submitted to the UN Convention Committee its initial state report on schedule in October 2011 and it was published by the UN June 2013. [update_date] => 2015-03-03 12:57:50 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => State reports to the UN Committee [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=46&DocTypeID=29 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=46 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, CRPD State Report, 2011 [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/12571/CRPD_text.pdf ) ) ) [11] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A9. Shadow reporting [theme_slug] => a9-shadow-reporting [theme_id] => 11 [contents] => An independent report was prepared and published in the Czech Republic in 2011. The Human Rights League together with the National Association for Support of People with Intellectual Disabilities and their Families and other disability NGOs during 2011 collated data and information for a 'shadow report'. In addition the Czech National Disability Council completed an open on-line survey tool with the aim to gather information for the 'shadow' report from its member organisations and people with disabilities themselves. Reports were submitted for the UN Committee session from Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children-Czech Republic and a Coalition of NGOs and DPOs. [update_date] => 2015-03-11 10:44:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Civil society reports to the UN Committee [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=46&DocTypeID=14 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, CRPD Alternative Report 2011 [url] => http://www.mdac.info/sites/mdac.info/files/czech_crpd_alt_report_en.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Association for Support of People with Intellectual Disabilities and their Families [url] => http://www.spmpcr.cz ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech National Disability Council [url] => http://www.nrzp.cz ) ) ) [13] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation [theme_slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation [theme_id] => 13 [contents] => Fundamental rights, including the right to freedom of movement and the right to choose where to live, are protected by the constitutional law, in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (Listina základních práv a svobod, art. 15). On 1 September 2009 Act 198/2009 Coll. on equal treatment and legal means of protection against discrimination (the Anti-discrimination Law) came into force. The Anti-discrimination Law provides definitions of discrimination, including harassment, indirect discrimination and victimisation, on seven grounds: racial/ethnic origin, sex, disability, sexual orientation, age and religion or belief. The law establishes the Defender of Rights (Czech ombudsman) the anti-discrimination body. The Anti-discrimination law has a broad scope, covering work and employment relations, access to employment, self-employment and occupation, health care and education, social security and social protection, social advantages and services including housing for all grounds to the same extent, and therefore goes beyond the requirements of directives. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:14:20 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Listina základních práv a svobod (the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms) [url] => http://www.psp.cz/docs/laws/listina.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => General Act on Equal Treatment and Protection against Discrimination No. 198/2009 Coll [url] => http://www.ochrance.cz/fileadmin/user_upload/DISKRIMINACE/pravni_predpisy/Antidiskriminacni_zakon.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Public Defender of Rights [url] => http://www.ochrance.cz/en/ ) ) ) [14] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity [theme_slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity [theme_id] => 14 [contents] => The new Civil Code that became effective on 1 January 2014 embeds fundamental changes regarding the legal capacity of a person and regulates the rules for its potential limitations. The accepted legal regulation moves away from the former concept of 'substitute decision-making' (when a guardian made decisions on behalf of the person with disabilities which often excluded the person with disabilities from social life). This concept has been replaced with by the concept of 'support' or 'assisted' decision-making based on the premise that all persons are capable to make their own decisions, but might need a greater or lesser degree of support. A greater emphasis is put on the autonomy of will, independence and social integration of the person concerned and the means that help in making decision in legal matters have a priority. The Civil Code provides various methods of supporting such persons in their decision-making so that courts have a wider range of options when deciding on a person that does not have a full legal capacity. The amendment was followed by a corresponding procedural amendment embedding the procedural rights of such persons within proceedings regarding their personal status, regulated by the Act on Special Legal Proceedings. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 14:13:21 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Civil Code [url] => http://obcanskyzakonik.justice.cz/ ) ) ) [15] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections [theme_slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections [theme_id] => 15 [contents] => Paragraph 3 of Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms expressly states that 'The right to vote is universal and equal, and shall be exercised by secret ballot. The conditions for exercising the right to vote shall be provided for by law.' The sufficient accessibility of elections for persons with disabilities is a key for exercising their political rights. This includes access to information about the elections that is suitable, accessible and comprehensible (e.g. for persons with sensory or mental disabilities) as well as the right to vote as persons with mental disorders or disabilities are often denied this right. According to the new Civil Code, it is up to the court to make that decision, even though there are no adequate methods of determining the ability to vote. Those who are not able to form their own opinion for medical reasons, temporarily or permanently, will not exercise this right. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 14:16:26 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Občanská a politická práva [url] => http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/obor/1320932 ) ) ) [16] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language [theme_slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language [theme_id] => 16 [contents] => In the Czech Republic Communication Systems of the Deaf and Deaf- blind Persons Act 155\1998 Coll. recognises the Czech sign language as an official language. The Act further stipulates that deaf and deaf- blind persons have the right to freely choose the communication systems referred to in this Act and the one that meets their needs. Their choice must be respected as much as possible so that they can equally and effectively participate in all aspects of life and exercise their legal rights. The signed language and communication systems are defined in the Act as the Czech sign language and the communication systems based on the Czech language. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:18:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Communication Systems of Deaf and Deaf Blind Persons No. 155/1998 Coll. [url] => http://ruce.cz/clanky/506-zakon-o-komunikacnich-systemech-neslysicich-a-hluchoslepych-osob ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Languages in Communication of the Deaf Czechs: Czech Sign Language and Written Czech Language (Jazyky v komunikaci českých neslyšících: český znakový jazyk a psaná čeština) [url] => http://ruce.cz/clanky/718-jazyky-v-komunikaci-ceskych-neslysicich-cesky-znakovy-jazyk-a-psana-cestina ) ) ) [17] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan [theme_slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan [theme_id] => 17 [contents] => The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities for the period of 2015–2020 (hereinafter the National Plan) is submitted on the basis of Government Resolution No. 567 of 14 July 2014 that requires the Minister for Human Rights, Equal Opportunities and Legislation to draw up this document and submit it to the Czech Government for hearing. The primary goal and purpose of the National Plan is to follow the state policy established in this area, to continue promoting and supporting integration of persons with disabilities and to fulfil the articles of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities through specific measures. The Plan is divided into five chapters. The first chapter contains basic information related to this strategic document. The second chapter describes the contact and circumstances of the creation of the National Plan, briefly maps the development of the support for persons with disabilities after 1989, including the history of already implemented National Plans, and points out the most important relevant international and national documents related to this issue. The third chapter describes the preparation and creation of the National Plan. The fourth chapter, which is the most extensive one, provides a list of the strategic areas of the support for persons with disabilities that the National Plan focuses on. The content of these areas follows the articles of the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The introduction of each strategic area contains a brief characteristic of the article of the Convention that the particular area follows, a brief description of the current situation in the Czech Republic, the objectives that are set for the following period and a set of term and continuous measures, including the ministries that are responsible for their implementation. Some measures will be fulfilled in cooperation with other organisations (Czech National Disability Council, Czech Confederation of Employers’ and Entrepreneurs’ Associations, Czech Statistical Office). The final chapter deals with the provision of funds for the implementation of the measures contained in the National Plan. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:58:17 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 [url] => http://www.vlada.cz/cz/ppov/vvzpo/dokumenty/narodni-plan-podpory-rovnych-prilezitosti-pro-osoby-se-zdravotnim-postizenim-na-obdobi-2015-2020-130992/ ) ) ) [19] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C1. Transport accessibility [theme_slug] => c1-transport-accessibility [theme_id] => 19 [contents] => Regarding transport structures, the principle of non-discrimination focuses mainly on accessibility of transport routes for passengers with limited mobility and orientation. Solutions of all constructions in terms of their barrier-free accessibility and usage are contained in Implementing Decrees to the Building Act- implementing Decrees No. 398/2009 Coll., No. 499/2006 Coll., No. 501/2006 Coll., No. 503/2006 Coll.

Issues of the barrier-free usage have also been incorporated in national technical standards: ČSN 73 6110 Design of Local Communications (2006), ČSN 73 6425 Bus, Trolleybus and Tram Stops, Part 1: Design of Stops (2007).

The Czech Ministry of Transport has participated in the preparation of the European Parliament and of the Council Regulation on the Rights of Passengers in Bus and Coach Transport which will come into force on 1 March 2013 (Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 concerning the Rights of Passengers in Bus and Coach Transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004). This Regulation is, inter alia, targeted at persons with limited mobility in consequence of disability, and it was adopted with a view to enabling such persons to travel by bus and coach at a comparable level with other citizens.

In railroad transport, the accessibility for persons with disabilities is incorporated in all programmes. By construction, update or renovation, the railroad constructions are designed and realised to meet the requirements of barrier-free accessibility according to the  Decree No. 398/2009 Coll., on General Technical Requirements for Barrier-Free Usage of Constructions).

The Czech Railways Company stipulates in the Transportation Order (Přepravní řád) rights of persons with reduced mobility in rail transportation.  Persons with different categories of disability have access to travel information on website of the Czech Railways Company.Persons with reducedmobility have the right to use the services of Railways comparable to other citizens. Persons with reduced mobility are passengers who have difficulty used rail and associated infrastructure as a result of disability, age or any other factor. Railways requires from a passenger with reduced mobility request in writing special technical provision or assistance 24 hours before the journey. The Czech Railways Company has right to refuse transportation of a person with reduced mobility for technical reasons. In this case the Czech Railways Company has inform the passenger about the reasons  5 working days from the refusal to transport passengers and suggest alternative solutions.

Second, if the passenger fails to comply with the deadline for reporting their traffic and arrives at the departure train carriage will be refused with reference to the provisions of Article 118, point. d) SPPO and passenger will be recommended another suitable connection, for which the carriage can be

operationally secure, without delays.

The update and operation of nation-wide railways incorporated in the European rail system are subject to principles of the directly applicable EU regulation which is the Commission Decision on Technical Specifications for Interoperability Relating to Persons with Limited Mobility and Orientation in Trans-European Conventional and High-Speed Rail System (Commission Decision 2008/164/EC of 21 December 2007 concerning Technical Specifications of Interoperability Relating to Persons with Reduced Mobility in Trans-European Conventional and High-Speed Rail System). [update_date] => 2012-12-06 09:00:45 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Traveling without barriers, National Railways [url] => http://www.cd.cz/cs/vnitrostatni-cestovani/s-cd-bez-prekazek/default.htm ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Edict No. 341/2002 Coll. Vyhláška o schvalování technické způsobilosti vozidel (Edict on technical requirements for vehicles) [url] => http://portal.gov.cz/wps/portal/_s.155/701?number1=341%2F2002+&number2=&name=&text= ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Road Transport Act 111/1994 Coll., as emended [url] => http://portal.gov.cz/wps/portal/_s.155/701?kam=zakon&c=111/1994 ) ) ) [20] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C2. Built environment accessibility [theme_slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility [theme_id] => 20 [contents] => The Act No. 183/2006 Coll, Building Act (stavební zákon) is the main legal instrument in terms of built environment accessibility. The Building Act requires buildings to be accessible to disabled people, children, older people and pregnant women. This requirement applies to buildings, hospitals, schools, shops and industry, transportation, public facilities and houses with apartments for rent. The Edict No. 501/2006 Coll. requires public areas to be accessible. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:19:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act No. 183/2006 Coll., Building Act [url] => http://www.sgpstandard.cz/editor/files/stav_vyr/1_24_souvis_cr.htm#_Toc305058193 ) ) ) [21] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility [theme_slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility [theme_id] => 21 [contents] => Decree No. 64/2008 Coll. on the Form of Disclosure of Information Relating to the Performance of Public Administration through Web Pages for Disabled Persons (Decree on Accessibility) is currently in force and sets out binding rules for web sites of public administration bodies only. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:19:44 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Decree No. 64/2008 Coll. on the Form of Disclosure of Information Relating to the Performance of Public Administration through Web Pages for Disabled Persons [url] => http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/vyhlaska-c-64-2008-sb-o-forme-uverejnovani-informaci-souvisejicich-s-vykonem-verejne-spravy-prostrednictvim-webovych-stranek-pro-osoby-se-zdravotnim-postizenim-vyhlaska-o-pristupnosti-10.aspx ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Web Content Accessibility Guidelines [url] => http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/metodicky-pokyn-k-vyhlasce-c-64-2008-sb-o-forme-uverejnovani-informaci-souvisejicich-s-vykonem-verejne-spravy-prostrednictvim-webovych-stranek-pro-osoby-se-zdravotnim-postizenim-vyhlaska-o-pristupnosti.aspx ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Guideline for making information accessible to people with visual impairment [url] => http://blindfriendly.cz/metodiky ) ) ) [23] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements [theme_slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements [theme_id] => 23 [contents] => The Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., in its opening provision, states that the scope and form of assistance and support provided through social services must assure the human dignity of the service users. Social services must be provided in the interests of the users, be of a good quality and in ways that rigorously ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms (Section 2). The social services should support service users in their community participation. Social services including residential services are provided on a contractual basis between provider and service uses. The Act on Social Services obliges service providers to ensure that a service user is acquainted with the service contract and signs it, or has it signed by his/her legal representative. This legal provision is an important tool for protecting the right to choose where to live, including living in an institution. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 14:25:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., as amended [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/4548/Annex_3_social_services_act.pdf ) ) ) [24] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D2. De-institutionalisation [theme_slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation [theme_id] => 24 [contents] => According to the Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll. the aim of social services is strengthening social inclusion of service users. Furthermore § 3 e) specifies social inclusion as a process, which ensures that people who are socially excluded or at risk of social exclusion have possibilities and opportunities that help them to participate fully in economic, social and cultural life, and live in the the way which society considers as normal.

Since 2010 the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs has been implementing a project on deinstitutionalisation “Support for Transformation of Social Services”, within the framework of the EU Integrated Operational Programme with a budget of 56 million EUR . The aim of the project is to support the transformation process of residential social care. Individual projects have been funded by 100% of the total eligible costs. The project’s goal is to pilot a deinstitutionalisation process including comprehensive planning, staff training, and assessment of the needs of service users. Through creating networks of sheltered flats within the ordinary community these initiatives should reduce the capacity of large residential institutions in favour of community based alternatives. This programme is focused on the entire territory of the country with the exception of the capital city of Prague. The recipient may be a regional authority or municipality, which is committed to providing new and individually tailored support to users of transformed facilities. [update_date] => 2012-12-06 08:56:11 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Social Services No. 108/2006, Coll., as amended [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/3222/zlom170x170web.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => MoLSA, (2009) Criteria of Transformation and Deinstitutionalisation of Selected Social Services (Kriteria transformace, humanizace a deinstitucionalizace vybraných služeb sociální péče) [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/7059/Doporuceny_postup_3_2009.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Social Services [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1613 ) ) ) [25] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D3. Quality of social services [theme_slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services [theme_id] => 25 [contents] => The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and the Regional Authorities are responsible for the quality inspection process of social services. The control of quality of social services is part of the inspection mechanism. Subject to inspection are (pursuant to Section 97 Paragraph 2 of the Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., as amended): a) compliance with the requirements for registration of social service; b) obligations of social service providers in Sections 88 and 89 of the Act on Social Services; c) quality of social services, which are verified in accordance with Section 99 of the Act on Social Services through social service quality standards (see Annex 2 of Decree No. 505/2006 Coll., as amended). Quality of social services is monitored using the following evidence: interview with randomly selected users, preview of an interview of the employee with a service user, observation of an individual, interviews with a referring employee, analysis of the contract between the service provider and the service user, analysis of the respondent’s personal file, and observations (physical environment, activities, privacy etc.). The legal framework of the social services (Act on Social Services No. 108/2006, Coll., as amended) brought obligations for the service providers to formulate an internally written system for a complaint mechanism. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:01:49 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Social Services No. 108/2006, Coll, as amended [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/4548/Annex_3_social_services_act.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Social Services [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1613 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Decree No. 505/2006 Coll. [url] => http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2006-505 ) ) ) [26] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home [theme_slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home [theme_id] => 26 [contents] => Assistive devices at home for persons with disabilities are financially supported in accordance with The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, pursuant to paragraph 37 of Act no. 329/2011 Coll. 'On providing benefits, the care allowance, and the certificate to people with disabilities'. Persons – Czech citizens and foreigners - have a right to a care allowance, benefits and the certificate if they are registered as permanent residents in the Czech Republic and have their residence here. Relevant acts stipulate other eligible persons if they have their residence in the Czech Republic. In the range of persons covered, there are also EU nationals who are subject of directly applicable legislation of the EU (Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 in the case of the care allowance and Regulation (EU) No. 492/2011 in the case of benefits and the certificate). [update_date] => 2016-03-30 14:36:26 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Social Assistance Benefits for People with Disabiliti1612es [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1612#sabfpwd ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Provision of assistive devices at home: [url] => http://www.osobniasistence.cz/?tema=1&article=5&detail=5 ) ) ) [27] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes [theme_slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes [theme_id] => 27 [contents] => In the Czech Republic personal assistance services are intended for people whose capabilities are limited because of disability, age or illness, for example in the areas of personal care, use of public places, household care, contact with family and broader society. The service is provided in the environment where a person lives, works, etc. The personal assistance services include reading, interpreting and guiding services. The Act on Social Services No. 108/2006 Coll., as amended, introduced in 2007 the new financial instrument ’contribution for care’ for persons with disabilities to directly cover the cost of personal assistance. The contribution for care was designed to pay for the required personal assistance provided by a family member or other informal careers or by a professional social care service organisation. The amount of contribution for care depends on the level of care needed (level of dependence on care provided by another person) by an individual with a disability. The level of dependence is assessed by a social worker and a medical doctor. Using the contribution for care, people with disabilities of all ages and their families are expected to cover the required assistance and support ensured by a family member or by a professional organisation on the basis of a contract. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:21:02 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Social Services No. 108/2006, Coll, as amended [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/4548/Annex_3_social_services_act.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Social Services [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1613 ) ) ) [28] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D6. Income maintenance [theme_slug] => d6-income-maintenance [theme_id] => 28 [contents] => Full disability pension: An insured person may qualify for a full disability pension provided that: s/he has become fully disabled and has completed the required period of insurance and s/he has not fulfilled conditions for entitlement to old age pension on the date of the beginning of the full disability, or, if s/he has been awarded a permanently reduced early old-age pension for reasons of having not reached retirement age / s/he has become fully disabled as a result of an injury at work or an occupational disease / Partial disability pension - an insured person may qualify for a partial disability pension provided that: s/he has become partially disabled and was insured for the necessary period; s/he has become partially disabled as a consequence of an injury at work or an occupational disease

Partial disability pension and earned income

If the average earned income per month:

  • does not exceed 66 per cent of the personal assessment base on which the pension was calculated and which was increased in relation to the general increase in wages in the period between granting the pension and the date of the earned income check (hereinafter 'comparable assessment base'), the partial disability pension is paid in its full amount.
  • is higher than 66 per cent but does not exceed 80 per cent of the comparable assessment base, the partial disability pension will amount to 50 per cent of the calculation base and 50 per cent of the percentage assessment.
  • exceeds s 80 per cent of the comparable assessment base, the partial disability pension is not paid.

Partial disability pension is paid:

  • in its full amount, if the total earned income in a calendar year does not exceed the sum of the minimum subsistence level multiplied by twelve (effective on 1st January of the relevant calendar year in which the average monthly income of the person concerned is assessed).
  • regardless of earned income, if the person was awarded pension due to disability considerably aggravating his/her general living conditions. This type of pension is awarded even if the beneficiary works abroad. In other cases when the person concerned works abroad, the partial disability pension is not paid.
[update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:21:31 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, State Social Support Benefits [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1612#sspb ) ) ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D7. Additional costs [theme_slug] => d7-additional-costs [theme_id] => 29 [contents] => Grant for special aid is a one-off obligatory benefit for aids not covered by the health insurance system enabling self-reliance, working activities, education, social contacts. The grant is intended for people with a severe handicap, blind or deaf. The grant in the case of aid 'vehicle' or 'special restraint systems' is granted to persons with serious mental handicap as well. Ministerial decree determines a list of aid for purposes of this benefit, for example: vehicle, guide dog, Braille printing machine, signal of doorbell, certain special modification of vehicle or flat. The amount of the grant for special aid is settled under 3 regimes (aids with price under and over CZK 24,000 and a vehicle). In the case of an aid with price under CZK 24,000 the grant is provided only to people with income less than 8.0 living minimum. Some exceptions are allowed (when the person needs several aids in this price level, has higher income but is not able to buy these aids). The grant in the case of an aid with price over CZK 24,000 is not income-tested, client’s participation is 10% of the price of an aid, at least CZK 1,000. There is an exception for low income people, but minimal participation is always CZK 1,000. Maximum amount of the grant is CZK 350,000 or CZK 400,000 in case when the aid is a 'staircase lift'. Maximum grant in the case when the aid is a 'vehicle' is CZK 200,000, and the amount is set individually with respect to frequency and reasons of the transport, income of the entitled person (and related persons) and social and property circumstances. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 14:52:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act no. 329/2011 Coll., On providing benefits, care allowance, and the certificate to people with disabilities [url] => http://www.osobniasistence.cz/?tema=1&article=5&detail=5 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Social Assistance Benefits for People with Disabilities: [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1612#sabfpwd ) ) ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D8. Retirement income [theme_slug] => d8-retirement-income [theme_id] => 30 [contents] => The Czech pension system consists of two parts. The first part is the mandatory basic pension insurance, defined by benefits and funded on a running basis (pay-as-you-go = PAYGO). The system is universal and provides for all economically active individuals; the legal regulation is the same for all insured persons and there are no industry-specific schemes etc. The pension from the basic pension insurance is drawn upon by more than 99% of the population whose age is higher than the retirement age. In addition, there is a voluntary, complementary, additional pension insurance with state contributions, that is defined by contributions (DC) and capital funded. The additional pension insurance can be, according to the EU terminology, considered the third pillar of the pension system. The third pillar also includes products offered by commercial insurance companies, particularly life insurance. Pensions granted from the third pillar so far represent only a negligible portion of incomes of the retired. The second pillar, which is usual in EU member states (employer pension schemes), is absent in the Czech pension insurance system. The fundamental substantive law regulation which governs the entitlement to a pension from the basic pension insurance, methods of determination of pension benefits and conditions of payment, is Act No. 155/1995 Coll., on pension insurance, as amended, which came into effect on 1 January 1996. The following pensions are provided from the basic pension insurance: old-age (including the so-called early old-age pension), disability, widow and widower and orphan. Each pension consists of the following components: a basic, fixed amount identical for all types of pensions, regardless of the insurance duration and income) and a percentage amount, which as assessed. If conditions that entitle a person to several pensions of the same type have been met regarding payment of an old-age pension or disability pension, then only one pension will be paid, specifically the higher one. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:03:28 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Republic, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Pension Insurance [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1606 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Old-age Pension (Czech Social Security Administration): [url] => http://www.cssz.cz/en/pension-insurance/old-age-pension.htm ) ) ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E1. Special schools [theme_slug] => e1-special-schools [theme_id] => 32 [contents] => The Constitution of the Czech Republic, adopted on 16 December 1992, provides a general legal framework for future legal development. The rights of citizens and the obligations of the State with regard to education were established in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (the Constitutional Law). First and foremost it guarantees the right to education, i.e. ‘free education at basic and secondary schools and according to a citizen’s abilities and society’s possibilities also at higher education institutions’ (Art. 33.1). From 1 January 2004 children with disabilities have, by law, been permitted to be educated not only in special schools but also in mainstream schools through the so-called individual integration. Head teachers make the decision about the individual integration of children with disabilities, on the basis of a request from their parents (or guardian) and a recommendation of a special education centre. Head teachers of special schools make also decisions regarding enrolling a child into a special school. The head teacher of a local mainstream school (to which a child living in a respective municipality and administratively belongs to) has now a duty to enroll a child with disability if parents or regal representatives wish so. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:07:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The latest amendment of Education Act No. 82/2015 Coll. [url] => http://www.msmt.cz/dokumenty/konsolidovany-text-skolskeho-zakona ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (The Constitutional Law): [url] => http://www.psp.cz/docs/laws/constitution.html ) ) ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E2. Mainstream schools [theme_slug] => e2-mainstream-schools [theme_id] => 33 [contents] => The Education Law was approved in September 2004, and came into force in January 2005. The Law has been updated several times since reflecting trends towards inclusive education. The Act on Education guarantees that the provisions and services required for supporting pupils with special needs are available to children and/or pupils at all levels of education, no matter where the child is educated (mainstream and/or special settings). Pupils with special needs have the right to be provided with support provisions free of charge, which include adapted text books, specific teaching materials, compensatory and rehabilitation equipment and tools, as well as support and counselling services, additional support staff and additional teaching in specific subjects (speech therapy, sign language, orientation and mobility, stimulating techniques, etc.). The Act on Education stipulates that alternative communication and/or sign language is available for those pupils who cannot use oral language. Braille print is available for pupils who cannot read regular print. Support staff is available, as well as individual educational plans. The latest amendment of Education Law 2017 defines a catalogue of support provisions for children with special educational needs in mainstream schools. [update_date] => 2017-08-18 15:51:14 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Amendment of Education Law 2017 [url] => http://www.msmt.cz/dokumenty-3/skolsky-zakon ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => EASNE Country Information for Czech Republic on Education [url] => http://www.european-agency.org/country-information/czech-republic/ ) ) ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school [theme_slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school [theme_id] => 34 [contents] => The law on sign language, passed in 1998 opened the way for the provision of interpreting services for Deaf pupils; Section 7 gives Deaf and Deaf-blind pupils the rights to learn and be taught in sign language. Czech sign language has been codified by the 2008 amendment of the law as the natural communication system for the deaf. The amendment also establishes other communication systems for the deaf and for those suffering from deaf blindness. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:13:44 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Communication systems for the Deaf and Deaf-blind Act No. 384/2008 Coll. [url] => http://ruce.cz/clanky/499-novela-zakona-o-znakove-reci ) ) ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E4. Vocational training [theme_slug] => e4-vocational-training [theme_id] => 35 [contents] => The Czech Republic has transposed the Council Directive 2000/78/EC, establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and training into national legislation. The Law on Employment No. 435/2004 Coll. provided a definition of vocational rehabilitation and introduced a number of important changes in the system of state subsidies in employment and training. Labour offices should provide individually tailored training employment services, including supported employment services, to people with disabilities. In particular, state support in training is provided within the framework of ’vocational rehabilitation‘, which is defined as ’a continuation of employment services that aim to find and retain employment for people with disabilities‘. The Labour Offices distribute the funding for vocational rehabilitation. [update_date] => 2012-12-06 08:45:16 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Employment No. 435/2004 Coll. [url] => http://business.center.cz/business/pravo/zakony/zamestnanost/cast3.aspx ) ) ) [36] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E5. Higher education [theme_slug] => e5-higher-education [theme_id] => 36 [contents] => The Constitution of the Czech Republic, adopted on 16 December 1992, provides a general legal framework for future legal development. The rights of citizens and the obligations of the State with regard to education were established in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (the Constitutional Law). First and foremost it guarantees the right to education, i.e. 'free education at basic and secondary schools and according to a citizen’s abilities and society’s possibilities also at tertiary education‘ (Art. 33.1). There is no legislation related to financial support for students with disabilities in higher education. This support is generally included in the Proclamatory in The Higher Education Act (1998) and in the National Disability Plan. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:15:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Tertiary Education Act [url] => http://www.msmt.cz/file/22282_1_1/ ) ) ) [38] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment [theme_slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment [theme_id] => 38 [contents] => The most relevant legislation in the Czech Republic regarding non-discrimination in employment is the General Act on Equal Treatment and Protection against Discrimination No. 198/2009 Coll. The Labour Code No. 262/2006 Sb. forbids direct and indirect discrimination in employment, in a similar way to the Act No. 435/2004 Coll., on Employment, as amended. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:09:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => General Act on Equal Treatment and Protection against Discrimination No. 198/2009 Coll. [url] => http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2009-198 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Labour Code No. 262/2006 Sb. (in English) [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/3221/labour_code.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act No. 435/2004 Coll. on Employment [url] => http://www.pracovnipravo.com/zakon-o-zamestnanosti ) ) ) [39] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F2. Public employment services [theme_slug] => f2-public-employment-services [theme_id] => 39 [contents] => In the Czech Republic so called vocational rehabilitation is the main tool to support people with disabilities in employment. According to the Act on Employment 2004 (the Act No. 435/2004 Coll. on Employment, as amended) a person with a disability together with a Labour Office will decide on the form and content of vocational rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation should be tailored to the individual needs of the person. Moreover, under this Act, Labour Offices can contract provision of vocational rehabilitation services with NGOs or other providers. A second arrangement is ‘Training for a job‘; initial training of an individual with a disability for a suitable job based upon an agreement with the Labour Office. The training for a job may be performed with an assistant’s support. The training lasts for a maximum of 24 months. A third arrangement is ’Specialised retraining courses‘, performed under identical conditions as other retraining.

A sheltered work position (chráněné pracovní místo) is another mean for supporting people with disabilities in employment. Sheltered work position is a position created by an employer for an individual with a disability based upon a written agreement with the Labour Office. A sheltered work position must be maintained for at least 2 years from the day specified in the agreement.

The Labour Office may award an employer a contribution towards the creation of a sheltered work position. An employer who provided training for disabled individuals may receive full costs of such training for disabled individuals, from the Labour Office. An employer who employs more than 50 %persons with disabilities, out of the total number of employees, is entitled to a contribution. [update_date] => 2014-05-01 12:23:53 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Employment of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1612#eopwd ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Portal of Public Services [url] => http://portal.gov.cz ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act No. 435/2004 Coll., on Employment [url] => http://www.pracovnipravo.com/zakon-o-zamestnanosti ) ) ) [40] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F3. Workplace adaptations [theme_slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations [theme_id] => 40 [contents] => According to Act No. 435/2004 Coll. on Employment, Part Three, Section 79, Labour Offices are responsible for providing information and advice on issues related to employing people with disabilities, collaboration in the creation of suitable jobs for people with disabilities and co-operation in dealing with individual adaptation of jobs and working conditions for persons with disabilities. In the Czech Republic support is available to make adaptation to workplaces in the open labour market via a so called contribution for creating a sheltered working place. Employers (including businesses) that set up a job for a disabled citizen can be provided with a financial contribution of up to eight times the average wage in the national economy, by their respective labour office. The contribution shall be provided if the employer undertakes to meet the conditions provided by law. Contribution to the operation of sheltered working place can be provided for partial reimbursement of operating costs. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:25:35 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Employment [url] => http://www.pracovnipravo.com/zakon-o-zamestnanosti ) ) ) [41] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F4. Financial incentives [theme_slug] => f4-financial-incentives [theme_id] => 41 [contents] => The main financial incentive for the employment of disabled workers in the labour market is the quota system and state subsidies. Employers who employ more than 25 persons are required to employ individuals with disabilities to the proportion of 4% of the total number of employees. The methods of meeting this obligation, that is employment relationship, acquisition of products and services or payments to the state budget, are considered to be equivalent and may be mutually combined. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:27:08 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Employment of People with Disabilities [url] => http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1612#eopwd ) ) ) [43] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G1. Official research [theme_slug] => g1-official-research [theme_id] => 43 [contents] => In the Czech Republic there is no official research institute or department responsible for research on disability equality and the collection of relevant data and statistics. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:18:57 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Czech Statistical Office [url] => http://www.czso.cz ) ) ) [44] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G2. Census data [theme_slug] => g2-census-data [theme_id] => 44 [contents] => The Czech Statistical Office conducted surveys focused on disability in 2007 and 2013. The last National Census was conducted in 2011. Disabled people were not identified in the forms completed by the citizens. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:31:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Census 2011 [url] => http://www.scitani.cz/sldb2011/eng/redakce.nsf/i/home ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Results of the Sample Survey on Disabled Persons (conducted in 2007 and 2013) [url] => https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/se_zdravotnim_postizenim_zije_kazdy_desaty_obcan_cr_20140416 ) ) ) [45] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G3. Labour Force Survey [theme_slug] => g3-labour-force-survey [theme_id] => 45 [contents] => In the Czech Republic the available statistics provide only overall information on the number of persons with disability registered as job seekers, the number of vacancies suitable for persons with disabilities and the number of persons with disabilities eligible for one vacancy. With regards to where persons with disabilities are employed, there are only statistical data available on new work places in sheltered workshops. Similarly, there is no overall data on fulfillment of the disability employment quota. Data of the Czech Republic 2002 and 2012 were included in the ad-hoc module on employment of disabled people. [update_date] => 2012-12-06 08:27:55 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Integrated Portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs [url] => https://portal.mpsv.cz/sz/stat/rek ) ) ) [46] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G4. Disability equality indicators [theme_slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators [theme_id] => 46 [contents] => There is no set of disability equality indicators based on public data sources. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:18:57 [links] => Array ( ) ) [48] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H1. Awareness raising programs [theme_slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs [theme_id] => 48 [contents] => An official responsibility or programme for promoting and raising public awareness of the equality and rights of disabled women and men were not identified. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:31:59 [links] => Array ( ) ) [49] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H2. Training for teachers [theme_slug] => h2-training-for-teachers [theme_id] => 49 [contents] => Disability awareness/equality issues are part of initial training programmes. However such programmes are not compulsory. The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 sets up a task to the Government to encourage development of teacher training programs focused on the education of children, pupils and students with disabilities in mainstream education. In this respect, it is important to promote training of future teaching staff at university departments. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:34:18 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The National Plan for the Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2015–2020 [url] => http://www.vlada.cz/cz/ppov/vvzpo/dokumenty/narodni-plan-podpory-rovnych-prilezitosti-pro-osoby-se-zdravotnim-postizenim-na-obdobi-2015-2020-130992/ ) ) ) [50] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H3. Training for lawyers [theme_slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers [theme_id] => 50 [contents] => Disability awareness/equality issues are part of the initial professional training programmes for lawyers in the Czech Republic. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:10:18 [links] => Array ( ) ) [51] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H4. Training for doctors [theme_slug] => h4-training-for-doctors [theme_id] => 51 [contents] => Disability awareness/equality issues are part of the initial professional training programmes for medical doctors in the Czech Republic. [update_date] => 2016-04-04 11:10:34 [links] => Array ( ) ) [52] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H5. Training for engineers [theme_slug] => h5-training-for-engineers [theme_id] => 52 [contents] => Some higher education institutions in engineering and architecture include issues of disability in their courses. There are several publications and guidelines for architects. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:37:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Guideline for architects [url] => http://www.filipiova.cz/publikace/odkazy/Projektujeme_bb_web.pdf ) ) ) [53] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H6. International development aid [theme_slug] => h6-international-development-aid [theme_id] => 53 [contents] => Social international development and supporting the rights of people with disabilities is one of the sectoral priorities of the International Development Cooperation of the Czech Republic 2010-2017 approved by the Government in May 2010. The Czech Development Agency (CzDA) has taken up activities of the Czech Development Center. CzDA cooperates with the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the establishment of an institutional framework of the Czech development cooperation and participates in the creation of development cooperation programs between the Czech Republic and priority countries as well as on the other stages of the project cycle management also in disability mainstreaming. [update_date] => 2016-03-30 15:41:41 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Czech Development Agency, Development Cooperation of the Czech Republic [url] => http://www.czda.cz/?lang=en ) ) ) ) ) ) )