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Latvia

A. UN Convention status

A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention

Latvia signed the UN Convention on 18 July 2008. The law on the Convention was adopted on 28 January 2010. The Convention entered into force on 31 March 2010.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol

The Optional Protocol was signed on 22 January 2010 and ratified on 31 August 2010, in the headquarters of the UN General Assembly in New York.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections

Latvia signed and ratified the UN Convention without any interpretive declaration or reservation. No objections were submitted.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A4. Comprehensive review

On 29 May 2008 the Saeima (Latvian Parliament) obligated the Government to review existing national legislation. The responsible Ministry of Welfare, on 31 December 2008, sent an informative letter (Nr.18.3-03/4452 'Par Valsts kancelejas kontroles uzdevuma Nr.2008-2046 izpildi') to the State Chancellery, stating that national legislation in general corresponds to the Convention objectives. It was stated that the Convention requirements of access to services, education and employment and accessible environment, are included in existing legislation, but in praxis there is lack of financial recourses for implementing them and for further development. It was also stated that in accordance with the Convention’s Article 12 ’Equal recognition before the law’ and Article 17 ’Protecting the integrity of the person’ changes are needed in the Civil Law, the Civil Process Law and the Guardian Court Law enforcing partial legal capacity institute. On 29 November 2012 the Saeima accepted changes in the Civil Law enforcing partial legal capacity institute. Amendments to the Civil Law, the Civil Process Law and the Guardian Court Law were enforced from 1 January 2013.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A5. Focal point

According to the Law on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Ministry of Welfare coordinates the implementation of the Convention. The implementation of the Convention is monitored by the Ombudsman - an independent institution whose function is to encourage individuals to contribute to the protection of human rights and compliance with the principle of equal treatment and the prevention of any kind of discrimination. Other ministries (for example, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Traffic and others) are responsible for the implementation of specific activities according to the sphere of their competence.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A6. Coordination mechanism

The coordination mechanism within the Government is not formally established. It is carried out through the National Council for Disabled Persons (National Council of Disability Affairs), established by the Ministry of Welfare in 1997. NCDP involves line ministers, Ombudsman, Chairperson of the Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments, Chairperson of the Public Utilities Commission, Director of Society Integration Foundation, President of Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia and representatives of key non-governmental organisations (such as Latvian Deaf Association, Latvian Blind Society, the organization of people with disabilities and their friends ’Apeirons‘, Latvian organisation for the disabled ’Sustento‘, Latvian Association ’Rupju berns‘ and others). The Chairperson of the NCDP is the Minister of Welfare. Starting from 2009, questions about the Convention implementation have been included in every meeting. NCDP sets up different working groups for tackling different matters set by the Convention where all members, on equal rights, have possibilities to define problems and recommend solutions. Coordination of implementation of the Convention will be carried out also through several working groups organised by the Ministry of Welfare for implementation of the Convention.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A7. Independent mechanism

Implementation of the UN Convention is monitored by the Ombudsman - an independent institution whose function is to encourage individuals to contribute to the protection of human rights and to comply with the principle of equal treatment and the prevention of any kind of discrimination. On 3 December 2015 the Ombudsman in cooperation with Organisation of People with Disabilities and Their Friends 'Apeirons' and the National Library of Latvia organized a conference 'Legal aspects of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Latvia'. During the conference the monitoring results of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for 2010-2014 were presented. In 2015, the Ombudsman paid attention to the Rights of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A8. Official reporting

Latvia's initial state report was due in April 2012, two years after the ratification of the Convention, but it was not submitted. On 11 February 2014 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) accepted the Initial Report and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs submitted it to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in April 2014.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

A9. Shadow reporting

No independent civil society reports were submitted to the UN Committee in parallel to the initial state report of the Republic of Latvia. However, the initial state report was prepared in cooperation with NGOs. The most relevant proposals included were submitted by the Association Apeirons of people with disabilities and their friends, the Resource Centre for people with mental disability Zelda, the Association Latvian Movement for Independent Living, The Latvian Umbrella Body For Disability Organizations SUSTENTO, the Riga City 'Child of Care' and the Latvian Association of the Deaf.

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Update date: Wed, 2017-08-09

B. General legal framework

B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

There is no specific law for non-discrimination on grounds of disability. Article 91 of the Constitution (Satversme) states that all people in Latvia are equal before the law and the court and human rights are realised without discrimination of any kind. Non-discrimination norms are included in several national laws, policies and strategies. The Law on Social Security (1995) identifies equal access to social services and legal protection. The Law on Local Governments (1995) sets out the general provisions and economic basis for the activities of the local governments of Latvia. According to the Law on Protection of the Rights of the Child (1998), the State shall ensure the rights and freedoms of all children without any discrimination. The Law determines that a child with physical or mental disabilities also has the right to everything that is necessary for the satisfaction of his or her special needs. The Education Law (1998) states that every citizen of the Republic of Latvia and every person who has the right to a non-citizen passport issued by the Republic of Latvia, every person who has received a permanent residence permit, as well as citizens from the European Union States who have been issued a temporary residence permit, and their children, have equal right to acquire education, regardless of their state of health. After ratification of the UN Convention on 12 October 2009, the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved policy planning papers for certain time periods. On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014 – 2020 defining the basic principles of disability policy resulting from the Convention basic principles. On 15 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020, where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

B2. Recognition of legal capacity

Persons with disabilities, according to the Satversme and the Civil Law, have equal rights with any other person without disability, except, if a person with disability is not able to defend his/her interests and for whom a trustee or guardian is assigned. With the judgement of a general jurisdiction court the legal capacity is limited and, according to the procedure set in the legislation, a trustee is assigned. The legislation of the Republic of Latvia currently provides both procedural and material legal acts that regulate in which cases a person's capacity to act can be restricted by the judgement of the court and in which cases it can be renewed. According to the procedural legal acts in Latvia all persons can realize their rights via a legal representative. Article 216 of the Civil Law (1937, enforced 1993) states that persons in need of protection shall be entrusted to the care of guardians and trustees who shall act on behalf of these persons. The amendment to the Civil Law (in force from January 2013) states that a court may limit the legal capacity of a person to the extent to which a person with mental health or other health disorders is unable to understand the significance of his or her actions or is enabled to manage the actions instead of recognizing a person as not having the capacity to act. When person's abilities are assessed, the court, at first, defines if and to what extent a guardian with a person under guardianship acts together and only afterwards - if and to what extent a guardian acts independently. Chapter 33 of the Civil Procedure Law (1998) provides legal provisions declaring a person with limited capacity to act and establishing trusteeships or temporary trusteeships.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

B3. Accessibility of voting and elections

The Constitutional Law (Satversme) determines that every person has the right to vote (Chapter on Basic human rights) without any limitations. The Saeima (Latvian Parliament) Election Law, the Law on European Parliament Elections, the Law on National Referendum and Initiation of Legislation, and the Law on City Council, Local Council and Rural Municipality Council include provisions for people with disabilities. If a physical disability prevents a voter from voting or signing the voters’ list, a family member or other trustworthy person shall make marks on the ballot paper in the voter’s presence according to their instructions. If any voter is unable to travel to the polling station for health reasons, on the basis of a written request filed by disabled person or a person authorised by a disabled person and registered in a special journal, the polling station commission shall conduct voting by secret ballot at a place where the voter is located (at home, social care centre, hospital).

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

B4. Official recognition of sign language

Article 3 of the Official Language Law (1999) states that the official language in the Republic of Latvia is the Latvian language. In the same Article, in section 3, it is stated that ’The State shall ensure the development and use of the Latvian sign language for communication with people with impaired hearing.’ This statement is not recognised in any other laws.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

B5. National disability strategy and action plan

The first Convention Implementation Action plan 2010-2012 was adopted by the Government in October 2009. The action plan in general includes short term activities without additional financing or supported by the EU Structural funds. One of the tasks was elaboration of the Convention implementation program for 2013-2019. On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020. The Guidelines state, that despite the fact that in 2009 the Government approved the first Plan for Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, there are still many people with disabilities who have not been able to exercise their rights in areas defined by the UN Convention. On 15 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set. Education, labour and employment, social protection and public awareness are set out as priority areas in the field of disability policy for the years 2015-2017.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

C. Accessibility

C1. Transport accessibility

Transport providers are required to provide accessibility for disabled passengers in specific laws regulating each of public transport fields. The Law on Public Transport services (2007) and consequent regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers regulate the transport field. Regulations No.599 ’The Order of Provision and Utilization of Public Transport Services’ (2012) determine procedures for the provision and use of public transportation services, including that all information in a bus about bus stops shall be accessible in visual form and carried in audio form. Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.846 ’Regulations on the Order of Registration of the Bus Stations, Obligatory Services Provided by the Bus Stations and the Order, How Buses Arrive and Stop in the Territory of the Bus Station’ (2007) based on the Law on Carriage By Road (1995), provide that services rendered by the bus station will be accessible to all visitors of the bus station and adjusted to disabled persons. The regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.468 ’On Carriage of Passengers by Taxis’ (2012) states requirement that carrier and passenger agree on special passengers needs at the time of taxi order and in case of necessity, carrier supports person with disability to get into taxi. LVS 190-8-2012 ’Regulations on the Design of Bus Stops’ (2012), LVS 190-10-2007/A1:2010 ’Regulations on the Design of Pedestrian Crossings’ (2010) and LVS 370:2010 ’Road Traffic Control Equipment. Signal Heads’ (2010) must be taken into consideration. The National Standard LVS 448:2012 ’Railway applications. Passenger platforms for 1520mm railway lines’ lay down general requirements. On 29 October 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers approved new Regulations No.1193 Amendments in Cabinet Regulations of 29 December 2010 no. 1210 Regulations Regarding the Interoperability of Trans-European Rail System (2013), prescribing that disabled passengers have the same rights traveling by railway as other people. Requirements included in these regulation were enforced from 1 January 2014 and apply to construction of new railway objects and existing objects in case of reconstruction. In the field of aviation the regulation (EC) No.1107/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 concerning the rights of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air including European Civil Aviation Conference Doc 30 is applicable to the Republic of Latvia. Quality standards for the passengers with reduced mobility have been set by the managing body of Riga International Airport (RIX) in cooperation with airport users and NGOs. Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.145 ’Regulations regarding the Safety of Ro-Ro Passenger Ships and High-Speed Passenger Craft’ (2006) by implementing Directive 2003/24, which amends Directive 98/18/EC on safety rules and standards for passenger ships engaged on domestic voyages, includes specific requirements for persons with reduced mobility.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

C2. Built environment accessibility

The accessibility of built environment is regulated by the Construction law (2013), in force from 1 October 2014. The Law applies to construction of new buildings, as well to rebuilding, renewal, restoration, demolition, reconstruction of existing buildings, to changing of the type of use without rebuilding and to preservation. As one of the construction principles, the law defines the principle of environmental accessibility, according to which such environment is created during the construction process, in which any person may move with comfort and use the building according to its purpose of use. On 30 June 2015, the Government approved Latvian construction standards - Latvian Building Code LBN 208-15 'Public Buildings' requiring accessibility in public buildings, and Latvian Building Code LBN 211-15 'Residential Buildings' requiring accessibility in residential buildings.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

C3. ICT and Web accessibility

Chapter ’Universal service’ (article 63) of the Electronic Communications Law (2004) defines special measures in relation to disabled persons. National regulatory authority (Public Utilities Commission) promotes for end-users, including special social groups and especially disabled persons, the possibility to choose an electronic communications merchant, the electronic communications services, and electronic communications service tariffs. Public Utilities Commission may take a decision that the public telephone network operator shall perform special measures in order to ensure publicly accessible electronic communications services for disabled persons, including the State Fire-Fighting and Rescue Service, State police, emergency medical care, gas emergency and comprehensive telephone directory service and a comprehensive subscriber directory, moreover such services shall be equivalent to those services, which are received by other end-users. The Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.171 ’On Procedure how Institutions Put Information into the Internet’ (2007) provides that accessibility requirements, based on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, elaborated by the World Wide Web Consortium, are to be taken into account. In 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers accepted the Information Society Development Guidelines for 2014-2020. The purpose of the Guidelines is to provide an opportunity for everyone to use information and communication technologies, to create a knowledge-based economy and to improve the overall quality of life, to contribute to growth of public administration’ s efficiency, country’ s competitiveness and economic development and to creation of jobs. Latvia neither signed nor ratified the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

D. Independent living

D1. Choice of living arrangements

Article 97 of the Constitution (Satversme) states that every person, residing lawfully in the territory of Latvia has the right to freely move and to choose his or her place of residence. Disabled persons can use these rights in close connection with rights to receive necessary social services. According to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2003), social services shall be provided only based on assessment of the individual needs and resources of a person, conducted by a social work specialist, in the place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible. Only when the scope of such services is not sufficient, social care and social rehabilitation shall be provided in a long-term care and social rehabilitation institution. When providing social services, the institutions shall ensure interdisciplinary and inter-institutional cooperation, in accordance with basic principles of provision of social services: provision of services in place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible; provision of social care and social rehabilitation in long term social care rehabilitation institutions only in case when the amount of social services is not sufficient for the client; evaluation of individual needs and resources of a person; provision of inter-institutional and interdisciplinary cooperation for institutions in providing of social services; participation of a person in the decision making process; and child care in a family like environment. In general, the local government of the territory, which has been registered as the main place of residence of a person with disabilities, has a duty to provide this person with a possibility to receive social services and social assistance corresponding to his or her needs. The same law states that a client (referring also to people with disabilities) has the right to participate in the decision-making process related to the receipt of social services. Social work specialists involve people with disabilities as much as possible in making decisions on their personal care plans, which include provision of necessary social services.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

D2. De-institutionalisation

Basic principles of provision of social services in the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance define that services must be provided in the place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible, based on evaluation of the individuals needs and resources, and involving the person in the decision making process. Social services in place of residence (home care, rehabilitation, day care and social rehabilitation institutions, group apartments/group houses, service apartments, night shelters or shelters) are prior to services in long term social care rehabilitation institutions. Amendments to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2006) stipulate a new type of service called a halfway house, where people can acquire skills necessary for an independent life. Residence in a halfway house is a transitional stage for people who have lived in special care centres, but are deemed capable of leading an independent life outside them, receiving necessary services at day care centres and other municipal establishments. When a person residing in a halfway house is ready for independent life he/she is moved to a group house. The most commonly provided service alternative to institutional living is a day care centre service. Day care centres were established for providing services to different population groups; to clients at the age of retirement (including persons with dementia), to persons with intellectual disability and to persons with physical impairments. In 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers accepted The Guidelines for Development of Social Services 2014-2020. In these Guidelines de-institutionalisation is stated as one of the directions for action. The specific policy objectives are to decrease the number of persons with mental disabilities in social care institutions, to promote social care and social rehabilitation services and support to children and persons with disabilities in local government and to improve the customer's individual needs-based services in social care institutions. It is planned that during 2014-2020 1,000 places in state social care institutions will be reduced and 700 persons will live independently, receiving necessary support. On 15 July 2015 the Minister of Welfare approved the Action Plan for Implementation of Deinstitutionalization 2015-2020.

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Update date: Wed, 2016-03-23

D3. Quality of social services

According to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2003) the Cabinet of Ministers had accepted Regulation No.291 ‘Requirements to social service providers’ (2003) with amendments in 2012 of the so-called minimum standards of social services. When it comes to making a decision on how much help people with disabilities can apply for, then a minimum of necessary service is stated, but according to individual needs or other circumstances, the level of available help could be different (but not less than the minimum stated in regulation). In many cases the financial situation of the individual, their family and their local municipality play the main role. As the law states that municipalities have the right to develop other necessary services, situations may differ. Some of local municipalities use (or buy) social services developed by NGOs or from the private sector (e.g. social care services in institutions). Article 17 of the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance defines a complaints procedure. According to the law the administrative statements issued or actual actions of service providers may be contested in the Ministry of Welfare, but the decisions thereof may be appealed in a court if it is not otherwise specified by the law or Cabinet regulations. The administrative statements issued or actual actions of the local governments and institutions as providers of social services or social assistance may be contested in accordance with the Law on Local Governments. Part 4 of Article 17¹ states that the contesting or appeal of a decision of the Ministry of Welfare regarding the removal of a social service provider from the Register of social service providers, a decision of the Ministry of Welfare or a social service provider regarding the suspension or termination of the provision of social services, as well as a decision of the local government regarding the suspension or termination of the provision of social services shall not suspend the operation of the relevant decision, except the case where this operation is suspended by a decision of the institution in which the decision is being contested.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

D4. Provision of assistive devices at home

Article 25 'Provision of Technical Aids' in the Law On Social Services and Social Assistance states that disabled persons, disabled children under the age of 18 years, children for whom the technical aids are necessary to reduce or eliminate functional inability, adult persons for whom the technical aid is necessary to reduce or eliminate functional inability, and persons with anatomical defects (a prosthesis or orthopaedic footwear) have the right to receive technical aids if they have received an opinion of a medical practitioner regarding the need for the technical aids. The Cabinet of Ministers, in Regulations No.1474 ’On Technical Aids’ (2009) and Regulations No.1472 ’Order in which Latvian Blind Society and Latvian Deaf Association Provide Social Rehabilitation Services and Technical Aids’ (2009) with amendments in 2012, regulates procedures according to which persons receive technical aids and the distribution of technical aids, and approves the list of technical aids (the so-called 'positive list') to be financed from the state budget. People with disabilities can receive technical aids from the National Rehabilitation Centre 'Vaivari' and its regional units free of charge; they need pay only a participation payment. In accordance with amendments in Regulations No.1474 (2012), people with disabilities can choose the provider of technical aid. In case the price is higher than state’s defined price, a person should pay the difference. Additionally, technical aids can be purchased in special shops or from specialised NGOs.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes

According to the Disability Law (2010) disabled persons with severe functional, mental or hearing impairments from 1 January 2013, have rights to a home service of personal assistants up to 40 hours per week financed from the state budget. From 1 September 2012 children with disabilities in general basic education, basic vocational education, general secondary education and secondary vocational education institutions have rights to receive the service of an assistant for mobility and self-care paid for from the State budget.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

D6. Income maintenance

Articles 14-17 of the Law ‘On State Pensions’ (1995) define the right to disability pension, the calculation system of pension in accordance with severity of disability and the suspension of disability pensions payment. According to the law, an insured person with a length of period of insurance, which is not less than three years, has a right to a disability pension before reaching the age for receiving an old-age pension, if such person has been recognised disabled. If disability has been caused by a work accident or occupational disease, a disability pension shall be granted in accordance with the Law on Compulsory Social Insurance in respect of Accidents at Work and Occupational Diseases. The disability pension minimum amounts are based on the State Social Security Benefit:

  • for persons with disability group I the amount is 1.6 x State Social Security Benefit;
  • for persons with disability group II it is 1.4 x State Social Security Benefit;
  • the disability pension for category III is fixed at the amount of the State Social Security Benefit.

In accordance to Article 17, disabled persons, who have attained the age for receiving old-age pension, continue to receive the old-age pension in place of the disability pension. According to the Article 13 of the Law on State Social Allowances (2003) a disabled person, who does not have the right to receive a state pension, is not employed and is over 18 years of age, has the right to receive a State social security benefit for the period of time of the specified disablement. From 1 July 2014 the amount of the State Social Security Benefit has increased by applying a coefficient: for the Group I disability – 1.3; and for the Group II disability – 1.2. Article 6 ‘State Family Allowance’ defines the rights of parents of a disabled child younger than 18 years of age to receive a supplement to the State family allowance. The right to this supplement is in force from the first day of assigning the status of disability, regardless of the payment of the State family allowance, and goes until the child reaches 18 years of age.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

D7. Additional costs

Article 7.1 ‘Care of Disabled Child Benefit’ of the Law on State Social Allowances (2003) defines the right of a person who cares for a disabled child to receive the disabled child care benefit, following the decision of the State Medical Commission for the Assessment of Health Condition and Working Ability regarding the child's necessity for special care, due to serious impairments. The payment of this benefit shall terminate at the end of the period of time for which the invalidity and the necessity for special care have been specified, or when the child reaches the age of 18 years. Article 12 ‘Allowance for Compensation of Transport Expenses for Disabled Persons who have Difficulties in Movement’ defines the rights of disabled persons who have mobility impairments to receive an allowance for compensating their transport expenses. The allowance is disbursed twice a year for a full six-month period. This allowance is terminated when the period of time for which the disablement has been specified has expired. Section 12.1 ‘Allowance for a Disabled Person for Whom Care is Necessary’ defines the rights of disabled persons of 18 years of age and over, who due to serious impairments need special care, to receive a care allowance. Disabled persons must have an assessment that determines the necessity of special care, issued by the State Medical Commission for the Assessment of Health Condition and Working Ability, in compliance with the criteria determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

D8. Retirement income

In accordance to the article 17 of the Law on State Pensions disabled persons, who have reached the age for receiving old-age pension, shall receive the old-age pension in place of the disability pension.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

E. Education

E1. Special schools

The Law on General Education (1999) defines the types of education implemented in Latvia. It states that special education is a part of general education. Chapter 8 of this law defines the implementation of educational programmes of special education. The provision of educational services for children with special needs and the procedures for identification of special needs are defined in the Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers. The Law on Education identifies special education as general and professional education adapted for persons with special needs and health problems. The emphasis on special education is on making it possible for a child to develop and contribute to society. The state should provide opportunities to acquire general education and vocational training for persons with special needs, taking into account their health conditions and their levels of physical and mental development. The goals of the curriculum of special compulsory basic education are the same as for mainstream compulsory basic education. The task of special education is to provide possibilities to persons with special educational needs to acquire knowledge in general study subjects as well as living and working skills by focusing on the practical aspects of education; to provide treatment and rehabilitation of pupils at education institutions; to encourage the development of individual abilities, thus compensating for mental and physical development problems so that persons themselves may continue education and acquire professional working skills according to their abilities, and work and participate in social life. Special and mainstream schools mainly follow the same curriculum, for example, in mainstream schools the same curriculum is used for students with and without special needs, though there are some exceptions to the physical activities for those with mobility impairments. However, in special classes and special schools there are different curricula which are based on the same subjects (language, mathematics etc.). Parents have the right to choose what kind of educational institution their child should attend: a special school, a special class in a mainstream school, a special group in a mainstream school or if he/she should be included in a mainstream class, but the child should have a statement from the State Pedagogical Medical Commission or municipal commission about an appropriate special education programme. The competence of the Commission and municipal commissions is defined in regulations No.709 (2012) issued by the Cabinet of Ministers. The commissions include specialist professionals (special teachers, psychologists and speech therapists). They diagnose children's need for special education provision, define special conditions and supporting measures necessary for teaching and learning as well as provide information on schools implementing appropriate education programmes. Various aspects of a child's performance are assessed and they may identify special educational needs. After obtaining a statement from the Commission about an appropriate special education programme, a child can attend a mainstream school if the school has licensed the special education programme and is appropriately accommodated. A pupil will be admitted to an ordinary, general class, or to a separate class for certain categories of pupils recognized as having special educational needs. There is no formal appeal system because a statement from the Commission is only considered a recommendation for parents.

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Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

E2. Mainstream schools

The Constitutional Law (Satversme) determines the right to education for every resident of Latvia. Every citizen, non-citizen and permanent resident of the Republic of Latvia, as well as European Union citizens who have been issued a temporary residence permit, and their children, have an equal right to acquire education regardless of their state of health or disability. The Law on Protection of Child's Rights (1998) determines equal rights and the possibilities for all children to acquire education according to their personal abilities. The Law on Education (1998) defines the main organizational principles and procedures of educational services and the Law on General Education (1999) defines the organizational principles and procedures of general education services. The main principles and procedures of assessment of students including those with special needs are set out in the Regulations No.591 (2015) and adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers. The Regulations No.710 on the Provision of General Basic Education and General Secondary Education Institutions According to Special Needs (2012) state the necessary provisions of general education institutions concerning the integration of pupils with special needs in mainstream schools. On 22 May 2014 the Parliament approved the Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 and on 29 June 2015 the Government agreed the Implementation plan (2015-2017). By implementing activities in these policy planning papers it will be possible to ensure opportunities for persons with disability to acquire a good quality education throughout the life course, to promote the competitiveness of people with disabilities in the labour market and independent living as an adult. The Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 includes measures to promote access to education and to implement the principle of inclusive education, including by performing measures focusing on awareness raising for teachers about the needs of students with functional disorders, increasing professional competence of teachers. There are no specific grants, allowances or stipends (scholarships) available to disabled students and trainees for the purposes of their education and training. Disabled people or parents of disabled children receive a disability pension or state social benefits and social services funded from social security (disability pensions) or the state budget.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

E3. Sign language and Braille in school

According to the Law on General Education (1999) and relevant regulations, deaf and blind students have rights to practical assistance (sign language interpretation, Braille, etc.) in mainstream schools. According to the Disability Law (2010) from 1 September 2011 pupils have the right to receive the service of a sign language interpreter paid for from the State budget for up to 480 academic hours during one school year for acquiring a programme of a basic vocational education, a secondary vocational education and a higher education. The service of a sign language interpreter is provided by the Latvian Association of the Deaf.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

E4. Vocational training

Vocational education is regulated by the Vocational Education Law (1999) which regulates the implementation of vocational initial education, vocational secondary education and first level higher vocational education and the award of corresponding vocational qualifications. The Ministry of Education and Science is the responsible ministry. At the same time the vocational rehabilitation (education and training) of persons with disabilities remains the responsibility of the Ministry of Welfare. People with disabilities receive vocational rehabilitation services in the Social Integration State Agency’s (an administrative institution under supervision of the Ministry of Welfare) College and Jurmala Vocational secondary school. College and Vocational secondary school implements vocational initial education, vocational secondary education, first level higher vocational education (college education), vocational further education and vocational in-service training programmes. The main objective is to provide and develop vocational rehabilitation possibilities and services for people with disabilities, giving them opportunities to acquire a suitable qualification for occupation. The Social Integration State Agency provides various services for people with disabilities to facilitate their successful integration into the labour market according to their specific health condition, general skills and abilities.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

E5. Higher education

Higher education is regulated by the Law on Institutions of Higher Education (1995) which applies to all existing institutions of higher education and colleges irrespective of the procedures for the founding and financing and the specialization thereof. The law regulates the legal grounds for the activities of institutions of higher education and colleges, and determines and protects the autonomy of institutions of higher education. The Constitutional law (Satversme) provides equal rights to all people. Although higher education is regulated by another law, disabled people’s rights to receive necessary support apply also after compulsory schooling age. The Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 included measures to promote access to education and to implement the principle of inclusive education. By 2017 it is planned to prepare a conceptual paper on the development of integrated consultancy services in higher education for persons with disability. Within the framework of this service persons with disabilities will have the possibility to receive individualised information on study programs and support services offered by high-schools. Also it is planned to extend the higher education opportunities for persons with severe disability to Disability I and II Groups. There are no specific grants, allowances or stipends (scholarships) available to disabled students and trainees for the purposes of their education and training. Disabled people or parents of disabled children receive a disability pension or state social benefits and social services.

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Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

F. Employment

F1. Non-discrimination in employment

The Labour Law (2002) provides protection against all forms of discrimination: direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment, instruction to discrimination and victimisation in all aspects of employment relations in public and private sectors. Since 2006 non-discrimination provisions apply to state civil service. According to Labour Law everyone has an equal right to work, to fair, safe and healthy working conditions, as well as to fair work remuneration. The Labour Law refers directly to disability and includes a provision of shift of burden of proof. The law does not include the issues of discrimination by association with disability. The Guidelines on Inclusive Employment 2015-2020 specify actions towards integration of disabled persons into labour market, simultaneously promoting person's economic independence and social inclusion. The Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 provide actions towards inclusion of disabled persons into labour market by provision of appropriate support, taking into account the type of functional disorder.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-07-21

F2. Public employment services

According to the Law on Support for Unemployed Persons and Job Seekers (2002), the State Employment Agency ensures the organisation and implementation of the active labour market policy measures, which promote competitiveness among unemployed people and job seekers in the labour market. The State Employment Agency ensures both short-term and long-term measures: placement and job-search assistance; vocational training, requalification, qualification improvement and non-formal training; measures to enhance competitiveness; career counselling and vocational guidance; subsidized employment for the most vulnerable groups of unemployed; measures to support the unemployed to enter self-employment or entrepreneurship; lifelong learning programme for adults; public works programme; youth workshops, support for youth volunteer work, workplace for a young unemployed, measures supporting regional mobility of employees, Minnesota programme for unemployed with addiction problems. All these measures also apply to disabled persons, who are registered in the State Employment Agency as an unemployed person or a job seeker. The State Employment Agency helps unemployed persons and job seekers to become involved in the labour market.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-07-21

F3. Workplace adaptations

The Labour Law (2002) defines it as a duty of the employer to ensure reasonable accommodation in the workplace. Within the state programme for subsidised employment employers receive financial support administrated by the State Employment Agency. Technical equipment and technical aids for individual use are available for people with disabilities in accordance with the Social service and social Assistance Law (2003). Individual assistance at work is available within the programme for subsidised employment, with a co-worker (programme offered by the State Employment Agency). Employer shall provide to each unemployed person involved in the measure a qualified supervisor that helps the unemployed to acquire necessary basic skills. In subsidised employment, unemployed people with disabilities may receive services of ergotherapist, sign language interpreter, support persons, and they are provided with adjusted working place according to health needs of every unemployed person with disability.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-07-21

F4. Financial incentives

Disabled people in the open labour market receive the full amount of disability pension. In addition, the Law on Personal Income Tax states that the non-taxable minimum for persons receiving disability pension in accordance with the Law on State Pensions have rights to non-taxable minimum, which is higher than the ordinary non-taxable minimum. The State Employment Agency ensures employer the wage subsidy (that does not exceed one and a half of the minimum monthly wage amount or is in the amount of state defined minimum monthly wage amount if unemployed people will be employed in low-qualified jobs), additional payment or monthly wage for foreman in amount of 50% of the minimum monthly wage amount; subsidy for mandatory social contributions (if employer is NGO whose activities are aimed to support for people with disabilities and who employs the unemployed in specific professions – assistant or person accompanying the person with disability, Latvian sign language interpreter, teacher of interest groups and special pedagogue for persons with disabilities, or, if employer is NGO which statutes foresee the provision of support to persons with visual disability, single subsidy for expenses due to health examinations set in legal acts on mandatory health examinations and single subsidy for expenses caused by purchase of equipment and facilities, and expenses caused by production and purchase of technical aids to adjust working places for unemployed persons with disability (not exceeding EUR 711 for adjusting one working place). Financial support for employment of the unemployed persons with disabilities is provided for 24 months. There is no quota system in Latvia.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-07-21

G. Statistics and data collection

G1. Official research

Latvia has no official research institute or department responsible for research on disability equality and the collection of relevant data and statistics. Statistical data which cover disability matters are collected and available in several ministries and institutions (the Ministry of Welfare, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Health, the State Social Insurance Agency, the State Employment Agency, the State Medical Expertise Commission of Health and Capacity for Work). It is planned to make an order of research within available financial resources from European Structural Funds managed by the Ministry of Welfare.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

G2. Census data

In accordance with the Law on Statistics the Central Statistical Bureau is responsible for the official statistical system. The Population and Housing Census (the first Population and Housing Census after Latvia joined the European Union (EU) and the tenth Census since Latvia was founded) was established on 1 March 2011. Individual data acquired during the Population and Hosing Census on each resident and his/her housing are confidential. The individual questionnaire includes questions on legal marital status, ethnicity, main language used at home, education and economic activity as well as on migration of the population. The housing questionnaire includes questions on the number of household members as well as on indicators that characterise the housing in terms of type of building, ownership, useful floor space, water supply system, type of heating, facilities etc. Residents are also asked to provide information on persons emigrated from Latvia for permanent residence in other countries. There are no disability related questions.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

G3. Labour Force Survey

According to the laws of the Republic of Latvia the Central Statistical Bureau is a direct administration body, subordinated to the Ministry of Economy, and is the main performer and coordinator of the official statistical work in the country. The Central Statistical Bureau is responsible for organization of the statistical work and authenticity of the data it produces, by summarizing the information obtained from the respondents. The Central Statistical Bureau compiles the National Labour Force Survey. In these surveys persons have a possibility, when doing self-evaluation, to make a reference that he/she has long-term incapacity for work or disability. Specific questions on disability are not included. From 2002 the survey is taken every week throughout the whole year. Data on employment and unemployment are published and are available in section E-publications. Last available publication is Labour force survey in 1995-2014 (only in Latvian). Latvia did not participate in the European Labour Force Survey module 2002.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

G4. Disability equality indicators

Latvia does not have any disability equality indicators for measuring progress towards disability equality.

Update date: Mon, 2015-05-11

H. Awareness and external action

H1. Awareness raising programs

On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014 – 2020. The Guidelines include a section Society Awareness aimed to promote opportunities of persons with disabilities to implement their human rights and freedoms. From 2015 to 2020 there are planned activities to inform and educate the society about disabled persons and their rights, preventive measures related to avoidable or hidden disability, about best practices in promoting tolerance, as well as to promote awareness raising to specialists of different fields. Different events had been organized by responsible ministries or municipalities in cooperation with NGOs in connection with celebrations of the International Day of People with Disabilities or the International Day of the Deaf, where the problematic issues for persons with disabilities were raised. On 5 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set. 'Public awareness' is one of four actions under which it is planned to promote opportunities for persons with disabilities to implement their human rights and freedom to live a full-fledged and dignified life, ensure qualitative informative and democratic space, and strengthen society mutual communication and understanding. Until 2017 it is foreseen to develop a system of effective, qualitative and sustainable social services adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities, to introduce support service for persons with mental disorders, inform and train society about persons with disabilities, on preventive measures related to hidden disabilities, produce state financed broadcast programs (incl. documentary programs) with participation of persons with disabilities, improve possibilities for people with visual disorders to get information in the way they can perceive it, facilitate development of understanding, accessibility of elections and environmental accessibility for persons with disabilities. The Ministry of Welfare is responsible for implementation of the Plan. In general the implementation of measures is foreseen from the state budget resources, attracting the European Structural Funds funding for separate activities.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

H2. Training for teachers

Disability issues are included in the general curriculum of the university training for school teachers. Teachers are trained at higher education level at a university or a college. Training includes general education studies; studies related to specific subjects and professional studies, a full course of professional studies lasts from 4 to 5 years. The qualification of a special teacher can be acquired by completing a 4 or 4.5 years professional study programme concerning a specific disability. For previously qualified teachers the special teaching qualification may be acquired after completing a 2.5 year programme of study. There is no information on whether awareness/equality issues are included in training programmes. Disabled persons organisations are not involved in training.

The information for teachers on training courses for their professional development financed from the state budget in 2016 is available on the homepage of the Ministry of Education. The Pedagogical Education Centre for Adults of Faculty of Education, Psychology and Art of the University of Latvia offers teachers paid courses for their professional competence development, inter alia a course 'Typical features of pedagogic process in work with children with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders'. By acquiring this programme, teachers develop their knowledge and practical skills on organizing the pedagogic work, choosing methods and tools for students with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders to acquire the study content; get an introduction into possibilities for diagnostics of development disorders and practical diagnostic methods, as well as develop their knowledge and skills in preparing individual training and up-bringing programmes, in assessing knowledge of pupils and developing teachers, parents and society cooperation models. At the end of the course, a teacher receives a Certificate allowing to work with children with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

H3. Training for lawyers

The Latvian Judicial Training Centre is the only institution in Latvia to provide continuing education for judges and court employees. The main task of the centre is to provide quality continuing education and professional qualification-building measures (seminars, experience exchange trips, etc.) for professionals within the legal system, with special attention to subjects on and improvements to the quality of court judgments, as well as preparing professionals for quality work within the legal system of the European Union. The Centre also provides training for other legal professionals, including public prosecutors, attorneys, and the lawyers and employees of governmental bodies and municipal institutions. However, awareness/equality issues are not included in training programmes. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

H4. Training for doctors

There is no information about whether awareness/equality issues are included in training programmes for doctors. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2017-05-19

H5. Training for engineers

There is no information whether awareness/equality issues are included in the training programmes for engineers. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

H6. International development aid

The current Latvian development cooperation activities and priorities are based on the Latvian Development Cooperation Policy Strategy (2011-2015). Latvia implements the development cooperation policy in the following directions: bilateral development cooperation policy; trilateral development cooperation policy; multilateral development cooperation policy; humanitarian assistance; strengthening the capacity of development cooperation providers of Latvia; awareness raising, global education and education for sustainable development and assessment of the effectiveness of the development cooperation policy under implementation and the reporting system. Disability aspects are not indicated in this document.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-05-18

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                    [lft] => 28
                    [rgt] => 29
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => hungary
                    [title] => Hungary
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 17
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [15] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 19
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 30
                    [rgt] => 31
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => ireland
                    [title] => Ireland
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 18
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [16] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 20
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 32
                    [rgt] => 33
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => italy
                    [title] => Italy
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 19
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [17] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 21
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 34
                    [rgt] => 35
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => latvia
                    [title] => Latvia
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 20
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [18] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 22
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 36
                    [rgt] => 37
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => lithuania
                    [title] => Lithuania
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 21
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [19] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 23
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 38
                    [rgt] => 39
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => luxembourg
                    [title] => Luxembourg
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 22
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [20] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 24
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 40
                    [rgt] => 41
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => malta
                    [title] => Malta
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 23
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [21] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 25
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 42
                    [rgt] => 43
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => netherlands
                    [title] => Netherlands
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 24
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [22] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 26
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 44
                    [rgt] => 45
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => poland
                    [title] => Poland
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 25
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [23] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 27
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 46
                    [rgt] => 47
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => portugal
                    [title] => Portugal
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 26
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [24] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 28
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 48
                    [rgt] => 49
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => romania
                    [title] => Romania
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 27
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [25] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 29
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 50
                    [rgt] => 51
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => slovakia
                    [title] => Slovakia
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 28
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [26] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 30
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 52
                    [rgt] => 53
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => slovenia
                    [title] => Slovenia
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 29
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [27] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 31
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 54
                    [rgt] => 55
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => spain
                    [title] => Spain
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 30
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [28] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 32
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 56
                    [rgt] => 57
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => sweden
                    [title] => Sweden
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 31
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [29] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 33
                    [parent_id] => 3
                    [lft] => 58
                    [rgt] => 59
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => united-kingdom
                    [title] => United Kingdom
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 32
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [30] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 4
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 61
                    [rgt] => 72
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => candidate-acceding-countries
                    [title] => Candidate / Acceding countries
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 3
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 5
                )

            [31] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 34
                    [parent_id] => 4
                    [lft] => 62
                    [rgt] => 63
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => fyr-macedonia
                    [title] => FYR Macedonia
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 33
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [32] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 35
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                    [lft] => 64
                    [rgt] => 65
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => iceland
                    [title] => Iceland
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 34
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [33] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 36
                    [parent_id] => 4
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                    [rgt] => 67
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => montenegro
                    [title] => Montenegro
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 35
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [34] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 37
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                    [lft] => 68
                    [rgt] => 69
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => serbia
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 36
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [35] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 38
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                    [lft] => 70
                    [rgt] => 71
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => turkey
                    [title] => Turkey
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 37
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [36] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 5
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 73
                    [rgt] => 78
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => other-european-countries
                    [title] => Other European countries
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 4
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 2
                )

            [37] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 39
                    [parent_id] => 5
                    [lft] => 74
                    [rgt] => 75
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => liechtenstein
                    [title] => Liechtenstein
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 38
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [38] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 40
                    [parent_id] => 5
                    [lft] => 76
                    [rgt] => 77
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => norway
                    [title] => Norway
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

        )

    [themes] => Array
        (
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                (
                    [id] => 2
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 1
                    [rgt] => 20
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => a-un-convention-status
                    [title] => A. UN Convention status
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 1
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 9
                )

            [1] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 3
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 2
                    [rgt] => 3
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                    [title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 2
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [2] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 4
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 4
                    [rgt] => 5
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                    [title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 3
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [3] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 5
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 6
                    [rgt] => 7
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                    [title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 4
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [4] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 6
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 8
                    [rgt] => 9
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                    [title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 5
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [5] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 7
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 10
                    [rgt] => 11
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a5-focal-point
                    [title] => A5. Focal point
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 6
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [6] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 8
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 12
                    [rgt] => 13
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
                    [title] => A6. Coordination mechanism
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 7
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [7] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 9
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 14
                    [rgt] => 15
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                    [title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 8
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [8] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 10
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 16
                    [rgt] => 17
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a8-official-reporting
                    [title] => A8. Official reporting
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 9
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [9] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 11
                    [parent_id] => 2
                    [lft] => 18
                    [rgt] => 19
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
                    [title] => A9. Shadow reporting
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 10
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [10] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 12
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 21
                    [rgt] => 32
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => b-general-legal-framework
                    [title] => B. General legal framework
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 11
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [11] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 13
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 22
                    [rgt] => 23
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation
                    [title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 12
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [12] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 14
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 24
                    [rgt] => 25
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity
                    [title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 13
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [13] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 15
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 26
                    [rgt] => 27
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections
                    [title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 14
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [14] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 16
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 28
                    [rgt] => 29
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language
                    [title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 15
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [15] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 17
                    [parent_id] => 12
                    [lft] => 30
                    [rgt] => 31
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan
                    [title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 16
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [16] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 18
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 33
                    [rgt] => 40
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => c-accessibility
                    [title] => C. Accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 17
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 3
                )

            [17] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 19
                    [parent_id] => 18
                    [lft] => 34
                    [rgt] => 35
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c1-transport-accessibility
                    [title] => C1. Transport accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [ordering] => 22
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 32
                    [state] => 1
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                    [title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 33
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => e4-vocational-training
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                    [ordering] => 34
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => e5-higher-education
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                    [ordering] => 35
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => f-employment
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 36
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 37
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => f2-public-employment-services
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 38
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => f4-financial-incentives
                    [title] => F4. Financial incentives
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 40
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => g-statistics-and-data-collection
                    [title] => G. Statistics and data collection
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 41
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g1-official-research
                    [title] => G1. Official research
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 42
                    [state] => 1
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                    [slug] => g2-census-data
                    [title] => G2. Census data
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 43
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g3-labour-force-survey
                    [title] => G3. Labour Force Survey
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 44
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators
                    [title] => G4. Disability equality indicators
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 45
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => h-awareness-and-external-action
                    [title] => H. Awareness and external action
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 46
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [46] => stdClass Object
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                    [lft] => 92
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs
                    [title] => H1. Awareness raising programs
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 47
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [slug] => h2-training-for-teachers
                    [title] => H2. Training for teachers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 48
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers
                    [title] => H3. Training for lawyers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 49
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

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                    [slug] => h4-training-for-doctors
                    [title] => H4. Training for doctors
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 50
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => h5-training-for-engineers
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 51
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                )

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                    [lft] => 102
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                    [slug] => h6-international-development-aid
                    [title] => H6. International development aid
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 52
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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        )

    [results] => Array
        (
            [21] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [parent] => EU Member States
                    [location] => Latvia
                    [location_id] => 21
                    [location_slug] => latvia
                    [themes] => Array
                        (
                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                                    [theme_slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                                    [theme_id] => 3
                                    [contents] => Latvia signed the UN Convention on 18 July 2008. The law on the Convention was adopted on 28 January 2010. The Convention entered into force on 31 March 2010.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 11:52:34
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Par Konvencijas spēkā stāšanos (Law on enforcement of the Convention)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=206558&from=off
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Par Konvenciju par personu ar invaliditāti tiesībām (Law on Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=205248
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ārlietu ministrijas dienesta informācija Nr.41/174-1047, Rīgā 2010.gada 10.martā Par Konvencijas spēkā stāšanos (Official information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. 41/174-1047, Riga, 10 March 2010. Enforcement of the Convention)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=206558&from=off
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Konvencijas par personu ar invaliditāti tiesībām Fakultatīvais protokols (The Optional Protocol of the Convention)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=212268&from=off
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ārlietu ministrijas dienesta informācija Nr.41/578-3730, Rīgā 2010.gada 17.septembrī, Par Protokola spēkā stāšanos (Official information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. 41/578-3730, Riga, 17 September 2010. Enforcement of the Protocol)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=218428&from=off
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                                    [theme_slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                                    [theme_id] => 4
                                    [contents] => The Optional Protocol was signed on 22 January 2010 and ratified on 31 August 2010, in the headquarters of the UN General Assembly in New York.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 11:57:07
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Konvencijas par personu ar invaliditāti tiesībām Fakultatīvais protokols (The Optional Protocol of the Convention)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=212268&from=off
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ārlietu ministrijas dienesta informācija Nr.41/578-3730, Rīgā 2010.gada 17.septembrī, Par Protokola spēkā stāšanos (Official information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. 41/578-3730, Riga, 17 September 2010. Enforcement of the Protocol)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=218428&from=off
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                                    [theme_slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                                    [theme_id] => 5
                                    [contents] => Latvia signed and ratified the UN Convention without any interpretive declaration or reservation. No objections were submitted.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 11:57:37
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Official information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. 41/174-1047, Riga, 10 March 2010. Enforcement of the Convention
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=206558&from=off
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                                    [theme_slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                                    [theme_id] => 6
                                    [contents] => On 29 May 2008 the Saeima (Latvian Parliament) obligated the Government to review existing national legislation. The responsible Ministry of Welfare, on 31 December 2008, sent an informative letter (Nr.18.3-03/4452 'Par Valsts kancelejas kontroles uzdevuma Nr.2008-2046 izpildi') to the State Chancellery, stating that national legislation in general corresponds to the Convention objectives. It was stated that the Convention requirements of access to services, education and employment and accessible environment, are included in existing legislation, but in praxis there is lack of financial recourses for implementing them and for further development. It was also stated that in accordance with the Convention’s Article 12 ’Equal recognition before the law’ and Article 17 ’Protecting the integrity of the person’ changes are needed in the Civil Law, the Civil Process Law and the Guardian Court Law enforcing partial legal capacity institute. On 29 November 2012 the Saeima accepted changes in the Civil Law enforcing partial legal capacity institute. Amendments to the Civil Law, the Civil Process Law and the Guardian Court Law were enforced from 1 January 2013.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 11:59:45
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Information from the Ministry of Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/cilvekiem_ar_invaliditati/konvencijasprogress_01022010.pdf
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Information from the Saeima, news
                                                    [url] => http://www.saeima.lv/lv/aktualitates/saeimas-zinas/20155-juridiska-komisija-nosledz-darbu-pie-apjomigiem-civillikuma-grozijumiem
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A5. Focal point
                                    [theme_slug] => a5-focal-point
                                    [theme_id] => 7
                                    [contents] => According to the Law on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Ministry of Welfare coordinates the implementation of the Convention. The implementation of the Convention is monitored by the Ombudsman - an independent institution whose function is to encourage individuals to contribute to the protection of human rights and compliance with the principle of equal treatment and the prevention of any kind of discrimination. Other ministries (for example, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Traffic and others) are responsible for the implementation of specific activities according to the sphere of their competence.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:49:43
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Law on Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/205248-par-konvenciju-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ministry of Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ombudsman
                                                    [url] => http://www.tiesibsargs.lv/en/homepage
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A6. Coordination mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 8
                                    [contents] => The coordination mechanism within the Government is not formally established. It is carried out through the National Council for Disabled Persons (National Council of Disability Affairs), established by the Ministry of Welfare in 1997. NCDP involves line ministers, Ombudsman, Chairperson of the Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments, Chairperson of the Public Utilities Commission, Director of Society Integration Foundation, President of Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia and representatives of key non-governmental organisations (such as Latvian Deaf Association, Latvian Blind Society, the organization of people with disabilities and their friends ’Apeirons‘, Latvian organisation for the disabled ’Sustento‘, Latvian Association ’Rupju berns‘ and others). The Chairperson of the NCDP is the Minister of Welfare. Starting from 2009, questions about the Convention implementation have been included in every meeting. NCDP sets up different working groups for tackling different matters set by the Convention where all members, on equal rights, have possibilities to define problems and recommend solutions. Coordination of implementation of the Convention will be carried out also through several working groups organised by the Ministry of Welfare for implementation of the Convention.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:56:40
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ministry of Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/559
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Initial Report by the Republic of Latvia, Cabinet minutes of meeting on 11 February 2014 (No.8 35§)
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/264415-ministru-kabineta-sedes-protokols
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Initial Report by the Republic of Latvia to the UN
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/adopcija_rus/lmzino_271213_konv.pdf
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fLVA%2f1&Lang=en
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 9
                                    [contents] => Implementation of the UN Convention is monitored by the Ombudsman - an independent institution whose function is to encourage individuals to contribute to the protection of human rights and to comply with the principle of equal treatment and the prevention of any kind of discrimination. On 3 December 2015 the Ombudsman in cooperation with Organisation of People with Disabilities and Their Friends 'Apeirons' and the National Library of Latvia organized a conference 'Legal aspects of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Latvia'. During the conference the monitoring results of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for 2010-2014 were presented. In 2015, the Ombudsman paid attention to the Rights of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:06:01
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ombudsman
                                                    [url] => http://www.tiesibsargs.lv/en/homepage
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Monitoring results of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for 2010-2014
                                                    [url] => http://www.tiesibsargs.lv/sakumlapa/konferences-ano-konvencijas-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam-aspekti-latvija-materiali
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Report on the Year 2015 by the Ombudsman of the Republic of Latvia
                                                    [url] => http://www.tiesibsargs.lv/files/content/zinojumi/Annual_report_2015.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A8. Official reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a8-official-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 10
                                    [contents] => Latvia's initial state report was due in April 2012, two years after the ratification of the Convention, but it was not submitted. On 11 February 2014 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) accepted the Initial Report and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs submitted it to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in April 2014.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 16:00:44
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => State reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=95&DocTypeID=29
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=95
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Cabinet minutes of meeting on 11 February 2014 No.8 35§
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/264415-ministru-kabineta-sedes-protokols
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Initial Report (in Latvian)
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/adopcija_rus/lmzino_271213_konv.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A9. Shadow reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 11
                                    [contents] => No independent civil society reports were submitted to the UN Committee in parallel to the initial state report of the Republic of Latvia. However, the initial state report was prepared in cooperation with NGOs. The most relevant proposals included were submitted by the Association Apeirons of people with disabilities and their friends, the Resource Centre for people with mental disability Zelda, the Association Latvian Movement for Independent Living, The Latvian Umbrella Body For Disability Organizations SUSTENTO, the Riga City 'Child of Care' and the Latvian Association of the Deaf.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-08-09 16:34:21
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Civil society reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=95&DocTypeID=14
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation
                                    [theme_slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation
                                    [theme_id] => 13
                                    [contents] => There is no specific law for non-discrimination on grounds of disability. Article 91 of the Constitution (Satversme) states that all people in Latvia are equal before the law and the court and human rights are realised without discrimination of any kind. Non-discrimination norms are included in several national laws, policies and strategies. The Law on Social Security (1995) identifies equal access to social services and legal protection. The Law on Local Governments (1995) sets out the general provisions and economic basis for the activities of the local governments of Latvia. According to the Law on Protection of the Rights of the Child (1998), the State shall ensure the rights and freedoms of all children without any discrimination. The Law determines that a child with physical or mental disabilities also has the right to everything that is necessary for the satisfaction of his or her special needs. The Education Law (1998) states that every citizen of the Republic of Latvia and every person who has the right to a non-citizen passport issued by the Republic of Latvia, every person who has received a permanent residence permit, as well as citizens from the European Union States who have been issued a temporary residence permit, and their children, have equal right to acquire education, regardless of their state of health. After ratification of the UN Convention on 12 October 2009, the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved policy planning papers for certain time periods. On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014 – 2020 defining the basic principles of disability policy resulting from the Convention basic principles. On 15 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020, where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 16:03:39
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Constitution (Satversme)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=57980
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Protection of the Rights of the Child
                                                    [url] => http://www.vvc.gov.lv/export/sites/default/docs/LRTA/Likumi/Protection_of_the_Rights_of_the_Child.doc
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Labour Protection Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=26020
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Education Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=50759
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] =>  The Guidelines for Implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/262238-par-apvienoto-naciju-organizacijas-konvencijas-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam-istenosanas-pamatnostadnem-2014-2020-gadam
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 (Implementation Plan)
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/3462
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity
                                    [theme_slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity
                                    [theme_id] => 14
                                    [contents] => Persons with disabilities, according to the Satversme and the Civil Law, have equal rights with any other person without disability, except, if a person with disability is not able to defend his/her interests and for whom a trustee or guardian is assigned. With the judgement of a general jurisdiction court the legal capacity is limited and, according to the procedure set in the legislation, a trustee is assigned. The legislation of the Republic of Latvia currently provides both procedural and material legal acts that regulate in which cases a person's capacity to act can be restricted by the judgement of the court and in which cases it can be renewed. According to the procedural legal acts in Latvia all persons can realize their rights via a legal representative. Article 216 of the Civil Law (1937, enforced 1993) states that persons in need of protection shall be entrusted to the care of guardians and trustees who shall act on behalf of these persons. The amendment to the Civil Law (in force from January 2013) states that a court may limit the legal capacity of a person to the extent to which a person with mental health or other health disorders is unable to understand the significance of his or her actions or is enabled to manage the actions instead of recognizing a person as not having the capacity to act. When person's abilities are assessed, the court, at first, defines if and to what extent a guardian with a person under guardianship acts together and only afterwards - if and to what extent a guardian acts independently. Chapter 33 of the Civil Procedure Law (1998) provides legal provisions declaring a person with limited capacity to act and establishing trusteeships or temporary trusteeships.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:09:30
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Civil Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=90223
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Civil Procedure Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=50500
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Judgement of the Constitutional Court on Conformity of the Civil Law, Articles 358 and 364 to the Constitutional Law (Satversme) Article 96, Case of 27 December 2010, No. 2010-38-01
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=223658&from=off
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Initial Report by the Republic of Latvia on the implementation of the Convention of December 13, 2006 on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities from March 31, 2010 to December 31, 2013
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&DocTypeID=29
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections
                                    [theme_slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections
                                    [theme_id] => 15
                                    [contents] => The Constitutional Law (Satversme) determines that every person has the right to vote (Chapter on Basic human rights) without any limitations. The Saeima (Latvian Parliament) Election Law, the Law on European Parliament Elections, the Law on National Referendum and Initiation of Legislation, and the Law on City Council, Local Council and Rural Municipality Council include provisions for people with disabilities. If a physical disability prevents a voter from voting or signing the voters’ list, a family member or other trustworthy person shall make marks on the ballot paper in the voter’s presence according to their instructions. If any voter is unable to travel to the polling station for health reasons, on the basis of a written request filed by disabled person or a person authorised by a disabled person and registered in a special journal, the polling station commission shall conduct voting by secret ballot at a place where the voter is located (at home, social care centre, hospital).
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:11:03
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Saeima (Latvian Parliament) Election Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=35261
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Constitutional Law (Satversme) 
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=57980B4
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on European Parliament Elections
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=84185
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on National Referendum and Initiation of Legislation
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=58065
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on City Council, Local Council and Rural Municipality Council
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=57839
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language
                                    [theme_slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language
                                    [theme_id] => 16
                                    [contents] => Article 3 of the Official Language Law (1999) states that the official language in the Republic of Latvia is the Latvian language. In the same Article, in section 3, it is stated that ’The State shall ensure the development and use of the Latvian sign language for communication with people with impaired hearing.’ This statement is not recognised in any other laws.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:11:50
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Official Language Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=14740
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan
                                    [theme_slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan
                                    [theme_id] => 17
                                    [contents] => The first Convention Implementation Action plan 2010-2012 was adopted by the Government in October 2009. The action plan in general includes short term activities without additional financing or supported by the EU Structural funds. One of the tasks was elaboration of the Convention implementation program for 2013-2019. On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020. The Guidelines state, that despite the fact that in 2009 the Government approved the first Plan for Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, there are still many people with disabilities who have not been able to exercise their rights in areas defined by the UN Convention. On 15 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set. Education, labour and employment, social protection and public awareness are set out as priority areas in the field of disability policy for the years 2015-2017.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:14:26
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Guidelines for Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights  of Persons with Disabilities in 2014 - 2020 
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/262238-par-apvienoto-naciju-organizacijas-konvencijas-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam-istenosanas-pamatnostadnem-2014-2020-gadam
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/3462
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => C. Accessibility
                                    [theme_title] => C1. Transport accessibility
                                    [theme_slug] => c1-transport-accessibility
                                    [theme_id] => 19
                                    [contents] => Transport providers are required to provide accessibility for disabled passengers in specific laws regulating each of public transport fields. The Law on Public Transport services (2007) and consequent regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers regulate the transport field. Regulations No.599 ’The Order of Provision and Utilization of Public Transport Services’ (2012) determine procedures for the provision and use of public transportation services, including that all information in a bus about bus stops shall be accessible in visual form and carried in audio form. Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.846 ’Regulations on the Order of Registration of the Bus Stations, Obligatory Services Provided by the Bus Stations and the Order, How Buses Arrive and Stop in the Territory of the Bus Station’ (2007) based on the Law on Carriage By Road (1995), provide that services rendered by the bus station will be accessible to all visitors of the bus station and adjusted to disabled persons. The regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.468 ’On Carriage of Passengers by Taxis’ (2012) states requirement that carrier and passenger agree on special passengers needs at the time of taxi order and in case of necessity, carrier supports person with disability to get into taxi. LVS 190-8-2012 ’Regulations on the Design of Bus Stops’ (2012), LVS 190-10-2007/A1:2010 ’Regulations on the Design of Pedestrian Crossings’ (2010) and LVS 370:2010 ’Road Traffic Control Equipment. Signal Heads’ (2010) must be taken into consideration. The National Standard LVS 448:2012 ’Railway applications. Passenger platforms for 1520mm railway lines’ lay down general requirements. On 29 October 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers approved new Regulations No.1193 Amendments in Cabinet Regulations of 29 December 2010 no. 1210 Regulations Regarding the Interoperability of Trans-European Rail System (2013), prescribing that disabled passengers have the same rights traveling by railway as other people. Requirements included in these regulation were enforced from 1 January 2014 and apply to construction of  new railway objects and existing objects in case of reconstruction. In the field of aviation the regulation (EC) No.1107/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 concerning the rights of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air including European Civil Aviation Conference Doc 30 is applicable to the Republic of Latvia. Quality standards for the passengers with reduced mobility have been set by the managing body of Riga International Airport (RIX) in cooperation with airport users and NGOs. Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.145 ’Regulations regarding the Safety of Ro-Ro Passenger Ships and High-Speed Passenger Craft’ (2006) by implementing Directive 2003/24, which amends Directive 98/18/EC on safety rules and standards for passenger ships engaged on domestic voyages, includes specific requirements for persons with reduced mobility.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 16:07:38
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Public Transport services
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=159858
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations No.599 ’The Order of Provision and Utilization of Public Services’
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=251480&from=off
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.846 ’Regulations on the Order of Registration of the Bus Stations, Obligatory Services Provided by the Bus Stations and the Order, How Buses Arrive and Stop in the Territory of the Bus Station’
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=167912&from
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The National Standard LVS 448:2008 ’Railway applications.  Passenger platforms for 1520mm railway'
                                                    [url] => https://www.lvs.lv/en/products/29680
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.468 ’On Carriage of Passengers by Taxis’
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=249996&from=off
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => LVS 190-8-2012 ’Regulations on the Design of Bus Stops’
                                                    [url] => https://www.lvs.lv/lv/products/31477
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => LVS 190-10-2007/A1:2010 ’Regulations on the Design of Pedestrian Crossings’
                                                    [url] => https://www.lvs.lv/lv/products/27553
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => LVS 370:2010 'Road Traffic Control Equipment. Signal Heads'
                                                    [url] => https://www.lvs.lv/lv/products/27555
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Cabinet Regulations of 29 October 2013 no. 1193
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/261502-grozijumi-ministru-kabineta-2010-gada-28-decembra-noteikumos-nr-1210-noteikumi-par-eiropas-dzelzcela-sistemu-savstarpeju-izmantojamibu
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => C. Accessibility
                                    [theme_title] => C2. Built environment accessibility
                                    [theme_slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility
                                    [theme_id] => 20
                                    [contents] => The accessibility of built environment is regulated by the Construction law (2013), in force from 1 October 2014. The Law applies to construction of new buildings, as well to rebuilding, renewal, restoration, demolition, reconstruction of existing buildings, to changing of the type of use without rebuilding and to preservation. As one of the construction principles, the law defines the principle of environmental accessibility, according to which such environment is created during the construction process, in which any person may move with comfort and use the building according to its purpose of use. On 30 June 2015, the Government approved Latvian construction standards - Latvian Building Code LBN 208-15 'Public Buildings' requiring accessibility in public buildings, and Latvian Building Code LBN 211-15 'Residential Buildings' requiring accessibility in residential buildings.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:39:12
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Construction Law
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/258572-buvniecibas-likums
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations No.331 of the Cabinet of Ministers ’Regulation on Latvian Building Code LBN208-15 ’Public Buildings’
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/274995-noteikumi-par-latvijas-buvnormativu-lbn-208-15-publiskas-buves
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations No.340 of the Cabinet of Ministers ’Regulation on Latvian Building Code LBN 211-15 ’Residential Buildings’
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/275016-noteikumi-par-latvijas-buvnormativu-lbn-211-15-dzivojamas-ekas
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => C. Accessibility
                                    [theme_title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility
                                    [theme_slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility
                                    [theme_id] => 21
                                    [contents] => Chapter ’Universal service’ (article 63) of the Electronic Communications Law (2004) defines special measures in relation to disabled persons. National regulatory authority (Public Utilities Commission) promotes for end-users, including special social groups and especially disabled persons, the possibility to choose an electronic communications merchant, the electronic communications services, and electronic communications service tariffs. Public Utilities Commission may take a decision that the public telephone network operator shall perform special measures in order to ensure publicly accessible electronic communications services for disabled persons, including the State Fire-Fighting and Rescue Service, State police, emergency medical care, gas emergency and comprehensive telephone directory service and a comprehensive subscriber directory, moreover such services shall be equivalent to those services, which are received by other end-users. The Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.171 ’On Procedure how Institutions Put Information into the Internet’ (2007) provides that accessibility requirements, based on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, elaborated by the World Wide Web Consortium, are to be taken into account. In 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers accepted the Information Society Development Guidelines for 2014-2020. The purpose of the Guidelines is to provide an opportunity for everyone to use information and communication technologies, to create a knowledge-based economy and to improve the overall quality of life, to contribute to growth of public administration’ s efficiency, country’ s competitiveness and economic development and to creation of jobs. Latvia neither signed nor ratified the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:40:41
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Electronic Communications Law
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=96611
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.171 ’On Procedure How Institutions Put Information into the Internet’
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=154198
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Information Society Development Guidelines for 2014-2020
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=260931
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements
                                    [theme_slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements
                                    [theme_id] => 23
                                    [contents] => Article 97 of the Constitution (Satversme) states that every person, residing lawfully in the territory of Latvia has the right to freely move and to choose his or her place of residence. Disabled persons can use these rights in close connection with rights to receive necessary social services. According to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2003), social services shall be provided only based on assessment of the individual needs and resources of a person, conducted by a social work specialist, in the place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible. Only when the scope of such services is not sufficient, social care and social rehabilitation shall be provided in a long-term care and social rehabilitation institution. When providing social services, the institutions shall ensure interdisciplinary and inter-institutional cooperation, in accordance with basic principles of provision of social services: provision of services in place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible; provision of social care and social rehabilitation in long term social care rehabilitation institutions only in case when the amount of social services is not sufficient for the client; evaluation of individual needs and resources of a person; provision of inter-institutional and interdisciplinary cooperation for institutions in providing of social services; participation of a person in the decision making process; and child care in a family like environment. In general, the local government of the territory, which has been registered as the main place of residence of a person with disabilities, has a duty to provide this person with a possibility to receive social services and social assistance corresponding to his or her needs. The same law states that a client (referring also to people with disabilities) has the right to participate in the decision-making process related to the receipt of social services. Social work specialists involve people with disabilities as much as possible in making decisions on their personal care plans, which include provision of necessary social services.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 16:12:38
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Social Services and Social Assistance
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Ministry of Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/54
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D2. De-institutionalisation
                                    [theme_slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation
                                    [theme_id] => 24
                                    [contents] => Basic principles of provision of social services in the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance define that services must be provided in the place of residence of the client or as near to it as possible, based on evaluation of the individuals needs and resources, and involving the person in the decision making process. Social services in place of residence (home care, rehabilitation, day care and social rehabilitation institutions, group apartments/group houses, service apartments, night shelters or shelters) are prior to services in long term social care rehabilitation institutions. Amendments to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2006) stipulate a new type of service called a halfway house, where people can acquire skills necessary for an independent life. Residence in a halfway house is a transitional stage for people who have lived in special care centres, but are deemed capable of leading an independent life outside them, receiving necessary services at day care centres and other municipal establishments. When a person residing in a halfway house is ready for independent life he/she is moved to a group house. The most commonly provided service alternative to institutional living is a day care centre service. Day care centres were established for providing services to different population groups; to clients at the age of retirement (including persons with dementia), to persons with intellectual disability and to persons with physical impairments. In 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers accepted The Guidelines for Development of Social Services 2014-2020. In these Guidelines de-institutionalisation is stated as one of the directions for action. The specific policy objectives are to decrease the number of persons with mental disabilities in social care institutions, to promote social care and social rehabilitation services and support to children and persons with disabilities in local government and to improve the customer's individual needs-based services in social care institutions. It is planned that during 2014-2020 1,000 places in state social care institutions will be reduced and 700 persons will live independently, receiving necessary support. On 15 July 2015 the Minister of Welfare approved the Action Plan for Implementation of Deinstitutionalization 2015-2020.
                                    [update_date] => 2016-03-23 15:28:02
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Social Services and Social Assistance
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Ministry of Welfare
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Guidelines for Development of Social Services 2014-2020 Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of 4 December 2013 no. 589
                                                    [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/262647-par-socialo-pakalpojumu-attistibas-pamatnostadnem-2014-2020-gadam
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Action Plan for Implementation of Deinstitutionalization 2015-2020
                                                    [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/aktualitates/null/2015_15_07_ricplans_final1.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D3. Quality of social services
                                    [theme_slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services
                                    [theme_id] => 25
                                    [contents] => According to the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance (2003) the Cabinet of Ministers had accepted Regulation No.291 ‘Requirements to social service providers’ (2003) with amendments in 2012 of the so-called minimum standards of social services. When it comes to making a decision on how much help people with disabilities can apply for, then a minimum of necessary service is stated, but according to individual needs or other circumstances, the level of available help could be different (but not less than the minimum stated in regulation). In many cases the financial situation of the individual, their family and their local municipality play the main role. As the law states that municipalities have the right to develop other necessary services, situations may differ. Some of local municipalities use (or buy) social services developed by NGOs or from the private sector (e.g. social care services in institutions). Article 17 of the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance defines a complaints procedure. According to the law the administrative statements issued or actual actions of service providers may be contested in the Ministry of Welfare, but the decisions thereof may be appealed in a court if it is not otherwise specified by the law or Cabinet regulations. The administrative statements issued or actual actions of the local governments and institutions as providers of social services or social assistance may be contested in accordance with the Law on Local Governments. Part 4 of Article 17¹ states that the contesting or appeal of a decision of the Ministry of Welfare regarding the removal of a social service provider from the Register of social service providers, a decision of the Ministry of Welfare or a social service provider regarding the suspension or termination of the provision of social services, as well as a decision of the local government regarding the suspension or termination of the provision of social services shall not suspend the operation of the relevant decision, except the case where this operation is suspended by a decision of the institution in which the decision is being contested.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-19 12:03:25
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Social Services and Social Assistance
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulation No.291 ‘Requirements to social service providers’ 
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=75887&from=off
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home
                                    [theme_slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home
                                    [theme_id] => 26
                                    [contents] => Article 25 'Provision of Technical Aids' in the Law On Social Services and Social Assistance states that disabled persons, disabled children under the age of 18 years, children for whom the technical aids are necessary to reduce or eliminate functional inability, adult persons for whom the technical aid is necessary to reduce or eliminate functional inability, and persons with anatomical defects (a prosthesis or orthopaedic footwear) have the right to receive technical aids if they have received an opinion of a medical practitioner regarding the need for the technical aids. The Cabinet of Ministers, in Regulations No.1474 ’On Technical Aids’ (2009) and Regulations No.1472 ’Order in which Latvian Blind Society and Latvian Deaf Association Provide Social Rehabilitation Services and Technical Aids’ (2009) with amendments in 2012, regulates procedures according to which persons receive technical aids and the distribution of technical aids, and approves the list of technical aids (the so-called 'positive list') to be financed from the state budget. People with disabilities can receive technical aids from the National Rehabilitation Centre 'Vaivari' and its regional units free of charge; they need pay only a participation payment. In accordance with amendments in Regulations No.1474 (2012), people with disabilities can choose the provider of technical aid. In case the price is higher than state’s defined price, a person should pay the difference. Additionally, technical aids can be purchased in special shops or from specialised NGOs.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-19 12:35:40
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations No.1474 ’On Technical Aids’ (2009)
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=202674&from=off
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Law on Social Services and Social Assistance
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Regulations No.1472 ’Order in which Latvian Blind Society and Latvian Deaf Association Provide Social Rehabilitation Services and Technical Aids’ 
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=202630&from=off
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes
                                    [theme_slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes
                                    [theme_id] => 27
                                    [contents] => According to the Disability Law (2010) disabled persons with severe functional, mental or hearing impairments from 1 January 2013, have rights to a home service of personal assistants up to 40 hours per week financed from the state budget. From 1 September 2012 children with disabilities in general basic education, basic vocational education, general secondary education and secondary vocational education institutions have rights to receive the service of an assistant for mobility and self-care paid for from the State budget.
                                    [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:41:39
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Disability Law  
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=211494
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The Law on Social Services and Social Assistance 
                                                    [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => D. Independent living
                                    [theme_title] => D6. Income maintenance
                                    [theme_slug] => d6-income-maintenance
                                    [theme_id] => 28
                                    [contents] => Articles 14-17 of the Law ‘On State Pensions’ (1995) define the right to disability pension, the calculation system of pension in accordance with severity of disability and the suspension of disability pensions payment. According to the law, an insured person with a length of period of insurance, which is not less than three years, has a right to a disability pension before reaching the age for receiving an old-age pension, if such person has been recognised disabled. If disability has been caused by a work accident or occupational disease, a disability pension shall be granted in accordance with the Law on Compulsory Social Insurance in respect of Accidents at Work and Occupational Diseases. The disability pension minimum amounts are based on the State Social Security Benefit: 
  • for persons with disability group I the amount is 1.6 x State Social Security Benefit;
  • for persons with disability group II it is 1.4 x State Social Security Benefit;
  • the disability pension for category III is fixed at the amount of the State Social Security Benefit.

In accordance to Article 17, disabled persons, who have attained the age for receiving old-age pension, continue to receive the old-age pension in place of the disability pension. According to the Article 13 of the Law on State Social Allowances (2003) a disabled person, who does not have the right to receive a state pension, is not employed and is over 18 years of age, has the right to receive a State social security benefit for the period of time of the specified disablement. From 1 July 2014 the amount of the State Social Security Benefit has increased by applying a coefficient: for the Group I disability – 1.3; and for the Group II disability – 1.2. Article 6 ‘State Family Allowance’ defines the rights of parents of a disabled child younger than 18 years of age to receive a supplement to the State family allowance. The right to this supplement is in force from the first day of assigning the status of disability, regardless of the payment of the State family allowance, and goes until the child reaches 18 years of age. [update_date] => 2017-05-19 12:27:12 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on State Pensions [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=38048#saist_11 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on State Social Allowances [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68483#saist_11 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Cabinet Regulations of 22 December, 2009 no.1605 'Regulations Regarding the Amount of the State Social Security Benefit and Funeral Benefit' [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/202850-noteikumi-par-valsts-sociala-nodrosinajuma-pabalsta-un-apbedisanas-pabalsta-apmeru-ta-parskatisanas-kartibu-un-pabalstu ) ) ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D7. Additional costs [theme_slug] => d7-additional-costs [theme_id] => 29 [contents] => Article 7.1 ‘Care of Disabled Child Benefit’ of the Law on State Social Allowances (2003) defines the right of a person who cares for a disabled child to receive the disabled child care benefit, following the decision of the State Medical Commission for the Assessment of Health Condition and Working Ability regarding the child's necessity for special care, due to serious impairments. The payment of this benefit shall terminate at the end of the period of time for which the invalidity and the necessity for special care have been specified, or when the child reaches the age of 18 years. Article 12 ‘Allowance for Compensation of Transport Expenses for Disabled Persons who have Difficulties in Movement’ defines the rights of disabled persons who have mobility impairments to receive an allowance for compensating their transport expenses. The allowance is disbursed twice a year for a full six-month period. This allowance is terminated when the period of time for which the disablement has been specified has expired. Section 12.1 ‘Allowance for a Disabled Person for Whom Care is Necessary’ defines the rights of disabled persons of 18 years of age and over, who due to serious impairments need special care, to receive a care allowance. Disabled persons must have an assessment that determines the necessity of special care, issued by the State Medical Commission for the Assessment of Health Condition and Working Ability, in compliance with the criteria determined by the Cabinet of Ministers. [update_date] => 2017-05-19 13:04:52 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on State Social Allowances [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68483#saist_11 ) ) ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D8. Retirement income [theme_slug] => d8-retirement-income [theme_id] => 30 [contents] => In accordance to the article 17 of the Law on State Pensions disabled persons, who have reached the age for receiving old-age pension, shall receive the old-age pension in place of the disability pension. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 12:44:02 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on State Pensions [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=38048#saist_11 ) ) ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E1. Special schools [theme_slug] => e1-special-schools [theme_id] => 32 [contents] => The Law on General Education (1999) defines the types of education implemented in Latvia. It states that special education is a part of general education. Chapter 8 of this law defines the implementation of educational programmes of special education. The provision of educational services for children with special needs and the procedures for identification of special needs are defined in the Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers. The Law on Education identifies special education as general and professional education adapted for persons with special needs and health problems. The emphasis on special education is on making it possible for a child to develop and contribute to society. The state should provide opportunities to acquire general education and vocational training for persons with special needs, taking into account their health conditions and their levels of physical and mental development. The goals of the curriculum of special compulsory basic education are the same as for mainstream compulsory basic education. The task of special education is to provide possibilities to persons with special educational needs to acquire knowledge in general study subjects as well as living and working skills by focusing on the practical aspects of education; to provide treatment and rehabilitation of pupils at education institutions; to encourage the development of individual abilities, thus compensating for mental and physical development problems so that persons themselves may continue education and acquire professional working skills according to their abilities, and work and participate in social life. Special and mainstream schools mainly follow the same curriculum, for example, in mainstream schools the same curriculum is used for students with and without special needs, though there are some exceptions to the physical activities for those with mobility impairments. However, in special classes and special schools there are different curricula which are based on the same subjects (language, mathematics etc.). Parents have the right to choose what kind of educational institution their child should attend: a special school, a special class in a mainstream school, a special group in a mainstream school or if he/she should be included in a mainstream class, but the child should have a statement from the State Pedagogical Medical Commission or municipal commission about an appropriate special education programme. The competence of the Commission and municipal commissions is defined in regulations No.709 (2012) issued by the Cabinet of Ministers. The commissions include specialist professionals (special teachers, psychologists and speech therapists). They diagnose children's need for special education provision, define special conditions and supporting measures necessary for teaching and learning as well as provide information on schools implementing appropriate education programmes. Various aspects of a child's performance are assessed and they may identify special educational needs. After obtaining a statement from the Commission about an appropriate special education programme, a child can attend a mainstream school if the school has licensed the special education programme and is appropriately accommodated. A pupil will be admitted to an ordinary, general class, or to a separate class for certain categories of pupils recognized as having special educational needs. There is no formal appeal system because a statement from the Commission is only considered a recommendation for parents. [update_date] => 2017-05-19 13:10:41 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on General Education [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=20243 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations No.709 (2012) defining the Competence of the State Pedagogical Medical Commission and Municipal Commissions: [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=252162&from=off ) ) ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E2. Mainstream schools [theme_slug] => e2-mainstream-schools [theme_id] => 33 [contents] => The Constitutional Law (Satversme) determines the right to education for every resident of Latvia. Every citizen, non-citizen and permanent resident of the Republic of Latvia, as well as European Union citizens who have been issued a temporary residence permit, and their children, have an equal right to acquire education regardless of their state of health or disability. The Law on Protection of Child's Rights (1998) determines equal rights and the possibilities for all children to acquire education according to their personal abilities. The Law on Education (1998) defines the main organizational principles and procedures of educational services and the Law on General Education (1999) defines the organizational principles and procedures of general education services. The main principles and procedures of assessment of students including those with special needs are set out in the Regulations No.591 (2015) and adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers. The Regulations No.710 on the Provision of General Basic Education and General Secondary Education Institutions According to Special Needs (2012) state the necessary provisions of general education institutions concerning the integration of pupils with special needs in mainstream schools. On 22 May 2014 the Parliament approved the Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 and on 29 June 2015 the Government agreed the Implementation plan (2015-2017). By implementing activities in these policy planning papers it will be possible to ensure opportunities for persons with disability to acquire a good quality education throughout the life course, to promote the competitiveness of people with disabilities in the labour market and independent living as an adult. The Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 includes measures to promote access to education and to implement the principle of inclusive education, including by performing measures focusing on awareness raising for teachers about the needs of students with functional disorders, increasing professional competence of teachers. There are no specific grants, allowances or stipends (scholarships) available to disabled students and trainees for the purposes of their education and training. Disabled people or parents of disabled children receive a disability pension or state social benefits and social services funded from social security (disability pensions) or the state budget. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 14:09:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Education [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=50759 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Constitutional Law (Satversme) [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=57980 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Protection of Child’s Rights (1998) [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=49096 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on General Education [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=20243 ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulation No.281 (2013) On the General State Education Standard, study subjects and curriculum models [url] => http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=257229 ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations No.591 (2015) Procedure by which the students are enrolled in, discharged from and promoted to a higher grade in comprehensive education institutions and special pre-school groups [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/277597-kartiba-kada-izglitojamie-tiek-uznemti-visparejas-izglitibas-iestades-un-specialajas-pirmsskolas-izglitibas-grupas-un-atskaitit... ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations No.710 on the Provision of General Basic Education and General Secondary Education Institutions According to Special Needs (2012) [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=252163&from=off ) [7] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=266406 ) [8] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Implementation plan (2015-2017) of the Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/274936-par-izglitibas-attistibas-pamatnostadnu-2014-2020-gadam-istenosanas-planu-2015-2017-gadam ) ) ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school [theme_slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school [theme_id] => 34 [contents] => According to the Law on General Education (1999) and relevant regulations, deaf and blind students have rights to practical assistance (sign language interpretation, Braille, etc.) in mainstream schools. According to the Disability Law (2010) from 1 September 2011 pupils have the right to receive the service of a sign language interpreter paid for from the State budget for up to 480 academic hours during one school year for acquiring a programme of a basic vocational education, a secondary vocational education and a higher education. The service of a sign language interpreter is provided by the Latvian Association of the Deaf. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:13:25 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on General Education [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=20243 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Disability Law [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=211494 ) ) ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E4. Vocational training [theme_slug] => e4-vocational-training [theme_id] => 35 [contents] => Vocational education is regulated by the Vocational Education Law (1999) which regulates the implementation of vocational initial education, vocational secondary education and first level higher vocational education and the award of corresponding vocational qualifications. The Ministry of Education and Science is the responsible ministry. At the same time the vocational rehabilitation (education and training) of persons with disabilities remains the responsibility of the Ministry of Welfare. People with disabilities receive vocational rehabilitation services in the Social Integration State Agency’s (an administrative institution under supervision of the Ministry of Welfare) College and Jurmala Vocational secondary school. College and Vocational secondary school implements vocational initial education, vocational secondary education, first level higher vocational education (college education), vocational further education and vocational in-service training programmes. The main objective is to provide and develop vocational rehabilitation possibilities and services for people with disabilities, giving them opportunities to acquire a suitable qualification for occupation. The Social Integration State Agency provides various services for people with disabilities to facilitate their successful integration into the labour market according to their specific health condition, general skills and abilities. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:18:07 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Vocational Education Law [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=20244 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law On Social Services and Social Assistance [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Integration State Agency [url] => http://www.siva.gov.lv/izglitiba.html ) ) ) [36] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E5. Higher education [theme_slug] => e5-higher-education [theme_id] => 36 [contents] => Higher education is regulated by the Law on Institutions of Higher Education (1995) which applies to all existing institutions of higher education and colleges irrespective of the procedures for the founding and financing and the specialization thereof. The law regulates the legal grounds for the activities of institutions of higher education and colleges, and determines and protects the autonomy of institutions of higher education. The Constitutional law (Satversme) provides equal rights to all people. Although higher education is regulated by another law, disabled people’s rights to receive necessary support apply also after compulsory schooling age. The Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 included measures to promote access to education and to implement the principle of inclusive education. By 2017 it is planned to prepare a conceptual paper on the development of integrated consultancy services in higher education for persons with disability. Within the framework of this service persons with disabilities will have the possibility to receive individualised information on study programs and support services offered by high-schools. Also it is planned to extend the higher education opportunities for persons with severe disability to Disability I and II Groups. There are no specific grants, allowances or stipends (scholarships) available to disabled students and trainees for the purposes of their education and training. Disabled people or parents of disabled children receive a disability pension or state social benefits and social services. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:21:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Institutions of Higher Education [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=37967 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Constitutional Law (Satversme) [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=57980 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/3462 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=266406 ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Implementation plan (2015-2017) of Guidelines for Education Development 2014-2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/274936-par-izglitibas-attistibas-pamatnostadnu-2014-2020-gadam-istenosanas-planu-2015-2017-gadam ) ) ) [38] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment [theme_slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment [theme_id] => 38 [contents] => The Labour Law (2002) provides protection against all forms of discrimination: direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment, instruction to discrimination and victimisation in all aspects of employment relations in public and private sectors. Since 2006 non-discrimination provisions apply to state civil service. According to Labour Law everyone has an equal right to work, to fair, safe and healthy working conditions, as well as to fair work remuneration. The Labour Law refers directly to disability and includes a provision of shift of burden of proof. The law does not include the issues of discrimination by association with disability. The Guidelines on Inclusive Employment 2015-2020 specify actions towards integration of disabled persons into labour market, simultaneously promoting person's economic independence and social inclusion. The Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 provide actions towards inclusion of disabled persons into labour market by provision of appropriate support, taking into account the type of functional disorder. [update_date] => 2017-07-21 15:46:45 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Labour Law [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=26019 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Labour Law (English translation) [url] => http://www.vvc.gov.lv/advantagecms/LV/meklet/meklet_dokumentus.html?query=labour+law&searchPage=2&resultsPerPage=10 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guidelines on Inclusive Employment 2015-2020 [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/darba_tirgus/pamatnostadnes_latvijas_vestnesis.pdf ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guidelines for the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/262238-par-apvienoto-naciju-organizacijas-konvencijas-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam-istenosanas-pamatnostadnem-2014-2020-gadam ) ) ) [39] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F2. Public employment services [theme_slug] => f2-public-employment-services [theme_id] => 39 [contents] => According to the Law on Support for Unemployed Persons and Job Seekers (2002), the State Employment Agency ensures the organisation and implementation of the active labour market policy measures, which promote competitiveness among unemployed people and job seekers in the labour market. The State Employment Agency ensures both short-term and long-term measures: placement and job-search assistance; vocational training, requalification, qualification improvement and non-formal training; measures to enhance competitiveness; career counselling and vocational guidance; subsidized employment for the most vulnerable groups of unemployed; measures to support the unemployed to enter self-employment or entrepreneurship; lifelong learning programme for adults; public works programme; youth workshops, support for youth volunteer work, workplace for a young unemployed, measures supporting regional mobility of employees, Minnesota programme for unemployed with addiction problems. All these measures also apply to disabled persons, who are registered in the State Employment Agency as an unemployed person or a job seeker. The State Employment Agency helps unemployed persons and job seekers to become involved in the labour market. [update_date] => 2017-07-21 15:51:56 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Support for Unemployed Persons and Job Seekers [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=62539 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Support for Unemployed Persons and Job Seekers (English Translation) [url] => http://www.vvc.gov.lv/export/sites/default/docs/LRTA/Likumi/Support_for_Unemployed_Persons_and_Persons_Seeking_Employment_Law.doc ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The State Employment Agency [url] => http://www.nva.lv ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Ministry of Welfare [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guidlines on inclusive employment [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/darba_tirgus/pamatnostadnes_latvijas_vestnesis.pdf ) ) ) [40] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F3. Workplace adaptations [theme_slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations [theme_id] => 40 [contents] => The Labour Law (2002) defines it as a duty of the employer to ensure reasonable accommodation in the workplace. Within the state programme for subsidised employment employers receive financial support administrated by the State Employment Agency. Technical equipment and technical aids for individual use are available for people with disabilities in accordance with the Social service and social Assistance Law (2003). Individual assistance at work is available within the programme for subsidised employment, with a co-worker (programme offered by the State Employment Agency). Employer shall provide to each unemployed person involved in the measure a qualified supervisor that helps the unemployed to acquire necessary basic skills. In subsidised employment, unemployed people with disabilities may receive services of ergotherapist, sign language interpreter, support persons, and they are provided with adjusted working place according to health needs of every unemployed person with disability. [update_date] => 2017-07-21 15:59:59 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Labour Law [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=26019 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Labour Law (English translation) [url] => http://www.vvc.gov.lv/advantagecms/LV/meklet/meklet_dokumentus.html?query=labour+law&searchPage=2&resultsPerPage=10 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Social service and Social Assistance Law (2003) [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=68488 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Social Service and Social Assistance Law (2003) (English translation) [url] => http://www.vvc.gov.lv/export/sites/default/docs/LRTA/Likumi/Social_Services_and_Social_Assistance_Law.doc ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => State Employment Agency [url] => http://www.nva.gov.lv/index.php?cid=433&mid=313&txt=2908&from=0 ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guidlines on inclusive employment [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/darba_tirgus/pamatnostadnes_latvijas_vestnesis.pdf ) ) ) [41] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F4. Financial incentives [theme_slug] => f4-financial-incentives [theme_id] => 41 [contents] => Disabled people in the open labour market receive the full amount of disability pension. In addition, the Law on Personal Income Tax states that the non-taxable minimum for persons receiving disability pension in accordance with the Law on State Pensions have rights to non-taxable minimum, which is higher than the ordinary non-taxable minimum. The State Employment Agency ensures employer the wage subsidy (that does not exceed one and a half of the minimum monthly wage amount or is in the amount of state defined minimum monthly wage amount if unemployed people will be employed in low-qualified jobs), additional payment or monthly wage for foreman in amount of 50% of the minimum monthly wage amount; subsidy for mandatory social contributions (if employer is NGO whose activities are aimed to support for people with disabilities and who employs the unemployed in specific professions – assistant or person accompanying the person with disability, Latvian sign language interpreter, teacher of interest groups and special pedagogue for persons with disabilities, or, if employer is NGO which statutes foresee the provision of support to persons with visual disability, single subsidy for expenses due to health examinations set in legal acts on mandatory health examinations and single subsidy for expenses caused by purchase of equipment and facilities, and expenses caused by production and purchase of technical aids to adjust working places for unemployed persons with disability (not exceeding EUR 711 for adjusting one working place). Financial support for employment of the unemployed persons with disabilities is provided for 24 months. There is no quota system in Latvia. [update_date] => 2017-07-21 16:11:18 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Personal Income Tax [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=56880#saist_11 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The State Employment Agency [url] => http://www.nva.gov.lv/index.php?cid=433&mid=53&txt=4013&mode=content&method=edit&from=0 ) ) ) [43] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G1. Official research [theme_slug] => g1-official-research [theme_id] => 43 [contents] => Latvia has no official research institute or department responsible for research on disability equality and the collection of relevant data and statistics. Statistical data which cover disability matters are collected and available in several ministries and institutions (the Ministry of Welfare, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Health, the State Social Insurance Agency, the State Employment Agency, the State Medical Expertise Commission of Health and Capacity for Work). It is planned to make an order of research within available financial resources from European Structural Funds managed by the Ministry of Welfare. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:22:58 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Information from the Ministry of Welfare - ESF in the field of welfare [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/151 ) ) ) [44] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G2. Census data [theme_slug] => g2-census-data [theme_id] => 44 [contents] => In accordance with the Law on Statistics the Central Statistical Bureau is responsible for the official statistical system. The Population and Housing Census (the first Population and Housing Census after Latvia joined the European Union (EU) and the tenth Census since Latvia was founded) was established on 1 March 2011. Individual data acquired during the Population and Hosing Census on each resident and his/her housing are confidential. The individual questionnaire includes questions on legal marital status, ethnicity, main language used at home, education and economic activity as well as on migration of the population. The housing questionnaire includes questions on the number of household members as well as on indicators that characterise the housing in terms of type of building, ownership, useful floor space, water supply system, type of heating, facilities etc. Residents are also asked to provide information on persons emigrated from Latvia for permanent residence in other countries. There are no disability related questions. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:25:30 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Central Statistical Bureau [url] => http://www.csb.gov.lv ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Statistics [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/274749-statistikas-likums ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations No.994 (2004) on Central Statistical Bureau [url] => http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=97391 ) ) ) [45] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G3. Labour Force Survey [theme_slug] => g3-labour-force-survey [theme_id] => 45 [contents] => According to the laws of the Republic of Latvia the Central Statistical Bureau is a direct administration body, subordinated to the Ministry of Economy, and is the main performer and coordinator of the official statistical work in the country. The Central Statistical Bureau is responsible for organization of the statistical work and authenticity of the data it produces, by summarizing the information obtained from the respondents. The Central Statistical Bureau compiles the National Labour Force Survey. In these surveys persons have a possibility, when doing self-evaluation, to make a reference that he/she has long-term incapacity for work or disability. Specific questions on disability are not included. From 2002 the survey is taken every week throughout the whole year. Data on employment and unemployment are published and are available in section E-publications. Last available publication is Labour force survey in 1995-2014 (only in Latvian). Latvia did not participate in the European Labour Force Survey module 2002. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:32:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Labour Force Survey 1995-2014 [url] => http://www.csb.gov.lv/sites/default/files/nr_17_darbaspeka_apsekojums_1995-2014_gada_15_00_lv.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Central Statistical Bureau [url] => http://www.csb.gov.lv/en ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Labour Force Survey in 1995-2014 [url] => http://www.csb.gov.lv/en/dati/e-publikacijas/labour-force-survey-1995-2014-only-latvian-43358.html ) ) ) [46] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G4. Disability equality indicators [theme_slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators [theme_id] => 46 [contents] => Latvia does not have any disability equality indicators for measuring progress towards disability equality. [update_date] => 2015-05-11 16:07:10 [links] => Array ( ) ) [48] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H1. Awareness raising programs [theme_slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs [theme_id] => 48 [contents] => On 21 November 2013 the Government (the Cabinet of Ministers) approved the Guidelines for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014 – 2020. The Guidelines include a section Society Awareness aimed to promote opportunities of persons with disabilities to implement their human rights and freedoms. From 2015 to 2020 there are planned activities to inform and educate the society about disabled persons and their rights, preventive measures related to avoidable or hidden disability, about best practices in promoting tolerance, as well as to promote awareness raising to specialists of different fields. Different events had been organized by responsible ministries or municipalities in cooperation with NGOs in connection with celebrations of the International Day of People with Disabilities or the International Day of the Deaf, where the problematic issues for persons with disabilities were raised. On 5 December 2015 the Government approved the Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 where specific measures to reach the goals defined in the Guidelines are set. 'Public awareness' is one of four actions under which it is planned to promote opportunities for persons with disabilities to implement their human rights and freedom to live a full-fledged and dignified life, ensure qualitative informative and democratic space, and strengthen society mutual communication and understanding. Until 2017 it is foreseen to develop a system of effective, qualitative and sustainable social services adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities, to introduce support service for persons with mental disorders, inform and train society about persons with disabilities, on preventive measures related to hidden disabilities, produce state financed broadcast programs (incl. documentary programs) with participation of persons with disabilities, improve possibilities for people with visual disorders to get information in the way they can perceive it, facilitate development of understanding, accessibility of elections and environmental accessibility for persons with disabilities. The Ministry of Welfare is responsible for implementation of the Plan. In general the implementation of measures is foreseen from the state budget resources, attracting the European Structural Funds funding for separate activities. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:37:34 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Guidelines for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014 – 2020 [url] => http://likumi.lv/ta/id/262238-par-apvienoto-naciju-organizacijas-konvencijas-par-personu-ar-invaliditati-tiesibam-istenosanas-pamatnostadnem-2014-2020-gadam ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Initial Report by the Republic of Latvia [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/upload/adopcija_rus/lmzino_271213_konv.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Implementation plan 2015-2017 of the Guidelines on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014-2020 [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/3462 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Ministry of Welfare [url] => http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/2197 ) ) ) [49] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H2. Training for teachers [theme_slug] => h2-training-for-teachers [theme_id] => 49 [contents] => Disability issues are included in the general curriculum of the university training for school teachers. Teachers are trained at higher education level at a university or a college. Training includes general education studies; studies related to specific subjects and professional studies, a full course of professional studies lasts from 4 to 5 years. The qualification of a special teacher can be acquired by completing a 4 or 4.5 years professional study programme concerning a specific disability. For previously qualified teachers the special teaching qualification may be acquired after completing a 2.5 year programme of study. There is no information on whether awareness/equality issues are included in training programmes. Disabled persons organisations are not involved in training.

The information for teachers on training courses for their professional development financed from the state budget in 2016 is available on the homepage of the Ministry of Education. The Pedagogical Education Centre for Adults of Faculty of Education, Psychology and Art of the University of Latvia offers teachers paid courses for their professional competence development, inter alia a course 'Typical features of pedagogic process in work with children with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders'. By acquiring this programme, teachers develop their knowledge and practical skills on organizing the pedagogic work, choosing methods and tools for students with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders to acquire the study content; get an introduction into possibilities for diagnostics of development disorders and practical diagnostic methods, as well as develop their knowledge and skills in preparing individual training and up-bringing programmes, in assessing knowledge of pupils and developing teachers, parents and society cooperation models. At the end of the course, a teacher receives a Certificate allowing to work with children with mental development disorders, mental development delays and learning disorders. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:41:40 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Ministry of Education and Science [url] => http://www.ppmf.lu.lv/gribu-studet/prof-pilnv-programmas/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Teachers' professional development courses (The Ministry of Education and Science) [url] => http://www.izm.gov.lv/lv/pedagogiem/pedagogu-profesionala-pilnveide ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The University of Latvia (courses for teachers' professional development) [url] => http://www.ppmf.lu.lv/par-fakultati/strukturvienibas/centri/pieaug-pedag-izgl/talakizgl-piic/pedag-process-ar-garigas-att-trauc/ ) ) ) [50] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H3. Training for lawyers [theme_slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers [theme_id] => 50 [contents] => The Latvian Judicial Training Centre is the only institution in Latvia to provide continuing education for judges and court employees. The main task of the centre is to provide quality continuing education and professional qualification-building measures (seminars, experience exchange trips, etc.) for professionals within the legal system, with special attention to subjects on and improvements to the quality of court judgments, as well as preparing professionals for quality work within the legal system of the European Union. The Centre also provides training for other legal professionals, including public prosecutors, attorneys, and the lawyers and employees of governmental bodies and municipal institutions. However, awareness/equality issues are not included in training programmes. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:43:40 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Latvian Judicial Training Centre [url] => http://www.ltmc.lv/en/about-us ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Latvian Judicial Training Centre: [url] => http://www.ltmc.lv/en/kalendars ) ) ) [51] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H4. Training for doctors [theme_slug] => h4-training-for-doctors [theme_id] => 51 [contents] => There is no information about whether awareness/equality issues are included in training programmes for doctors. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training. [update_date] => 2017-05-19 13:12:53 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Riga Stradiņš University [url] => http://www.rsu.lv/eng/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Riga Stradiņš University study programmes: [url] => http://www.rsu.lv/eng/international-students/degree-programmes ) ) ) [52] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H5. Training for engineers [theme_slug] => h5-training-for-engineers [theme_id] => 52 [contents] => There is no information whether awareness/equality issues are included in the training programmes for engineers. Disabled persons’ organisations are not involved in training. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:44:22 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Riga Technical University, study programmes: [url] => https://stud.rtu.lv/rtu/vaaApp/sprpub ) ) ) [53] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H6. International development aid [theme_slug] => h6-international-development-aid [theme_id] => 53 [contents] => The current Latvian development cooperation activities and priorities are based on the Latvian Development Cooperation Policy Strategy (2011-2015). Latvia implements the development cooperation policy in the following directions: bilateral development cooperation policy; trilateral development cooperation policy; multilateral development cooperation policy; humanitarian assistance; strengthening the capacity of development cooperation providers of Latvia; awareness raising, global education and education for sustainable development and assessment of the effectiveness of the development cooperation policy under implementation and the reporting system. Disability aspects are not indicated in this document. [update_date] => 2017-05-18 15:46:41 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Ministry of Foreign Affairs [url] => http://www.mfa.gov.lv/en/about-the-ministry ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Latvian Development Cooperation Policy Strategy (2011-2015) [url] => http://www.mfa.gov.lv/images/archive/development%20cooperation%20strategy%202011-2015_eng.pdf ) ) ) ) ) ) )