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Slovenia

A. UN Convention status

A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention

The Republic of Slovenia has signed the UN Convention and the Optional protocol on 31 March 2007. The Slovene parliament passed the Act Ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 2 April 2008. The Act was published in the Official Gazette on 15 April 2008 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia,No. 10/2008) and came into force on 16 April 2008.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol

The Republic of Slovenia signed the UN Convention and the optional protocol on 31 March 2007. The Parliament of the Republic of Slovenia passed the Act Ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 2 April 2008.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections

There are no Declarations, Reservations or Objections made to the UN Convention.

Update date: Sun, 2012-12-09

A4. Comprehensive review

There was no comprehensive review of existing legislation made solely for implementation of the Convention. Analysis of State Care for Persons with Disabilities was made by the Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia in 2009, under the initiative of disability organisations. Articles 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 30 of the Convention were looked at.

Links

Update date: Sun, 2012-12-09

A5. Focal point

The Focal point for the implementation of the UN Convention and Optional Protocol is the Ministry for Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A6. Coordination mechanism

The Council for the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia is envisaged as being responsible for the implementation of the Convention, for the promotion and monitoring and is the coordination mechanism in the country (Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act, Official Gazette of the republic of Slovenia , No. 94/2010 and 50/2010; Art. 28). The Council was established in February 2014. The Council consist of seven representatives of disability organisations, named by National Council of Disability Organisations, seven representatives of different professional institutions dealing with disability and seven representatives of the government.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A7. Independent mechanism

The Council for the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia established in 2014 is defined as the independent mechanism. The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act of 2010, in Article 28, envisages establishment of an independent body. It should, among other things, monitor the implementation of the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. According to the Act the Council of Disabled People of the Republic of Slovenia is planned to have 21 members, among them: seven representatives of disability organisations, seven representatives of professional institutions in the field of disability (Health Insurance Institute, Pension and Disability Insurance Institute, Social care Institute, Employment Service of Slovenia, Vocational Rehabilitation Providers Association, Training Providers Union) and seven representatives of government, named by different Ministries (covering disability, education, culture, finance, science and health).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A8. Official reporting

The Directorate for the disabled, war veterans and the victims of the war violence at the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities of the Republic of Slovenia is responsible for the official reporting. The first report of the implementation of the UNCRPD for Slovenia was completed in 2013. The Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia funded by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities of the Republic of Slovenia is responsible for the Evaluation of the Action Plan of the Disabled 2007-2013.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

A9. Shadow reporting

No shadow or parallel report has yet been prepared or submitted to the UN Committee.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

B. General legal framework

B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

The Slovene Constitution contains an anti-discrimination provision in Article 14 (Equality before the Law) which states: In Slovenia everyone shall be guaranteed equal human rights and fundamental freedoms irrespective of national origin, race, sex, language, religion, political, or other conviction, material standing, birth, education, social status, disability, or any other personal circumstance.The term disability (invalidnost) as a circumstance was added in 2004. A general anti-discrimination framework is provided by two laws. The Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 93/2007) protects persons including those with disabilities from discrimination and unequal treatment.

The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act from 2010 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 94/2010) provides a general prohibition of discrimination against disabled persons in access to goods and services (most specifically in relation to state institutions). It provides some rights in terms of equalization of opportunities i.e. a right to some technical aids; adaptation of vehicles, and a call centre for the deaf. The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act requires minimum requirements for the accessibility for goods and services within 12 months but until this date the requirements have not yet been written. In practice, this means that persons with disabilities can not issue legal complaint related to discrimination in the area of goods and services.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

B2. Recognition of legal capacity

Legal capacity issues are defined in in the Non-litigious Civil Procedure Act, 1986 (Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, No. 30/1986). Legal capacity can be withdrawn in a non-litigious legal procedure. Legal capacity is a capacity to perform legal acts. The person is defined as fully legally capable by the age of 18. From 15 to 18 years of age a young person has a partial legal capacity, meaning that he/she needs an approval of a guardian when concluding more important legal duties. Articles 44 to 56 define the procedure for withdrawal and recovery of legal capacity. Legal capacity can be withdrawn in cases of mental illness, intellectual disability, alcohol or drug addiction or other reasons that make a person incapable of looking after their own rights and interests. The procedure starts at the initiative of social care services, a public attorney, spouse, or other close relative. The person in question may start the procedure him/her-self if capable of understanding the meaning of legal capacity. Articles 57 - 60 define the procedure for prolongation or elimination of parental rights. Prolongation of parental rights has similar practical consequences as the withdrawal of legal capacity. The prolongation of parental rights is also regulated by the Marriage and Family Relations Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 69/2004). The Centre for social work is obliged to find a guardian for the person whose legal capacity has been taken away and to define his/her obligations and mandate. The centre for social work also takes into consideration the wishes of the person whose legal capacity has been taken away, if the person is able to express them, as well as the wishes of his/her relatives. The guardianship ends if the court gives back the person's legal capacity. This is a formal possibility which is hardly never implemented. Amendment to the Family Act in 2011 was intended to extend the rights of persons with disabilities in relation to the rights of their parents. The Act passed Parliamentary procedure but was later overruled by a referendum decision (25 March 2012) so the previous Act remains in force.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

B3. Accessibility of voting and elections

Electoral districts are obliged to define one architectural barrier-free polling station within the district. In such a polling station there are also adapted voting machines enabling independence in voting and adapted ballot papers (Art. 79a, National Assembly Elections Act - official consolidated version, Official Gazette, No. 109/2006). However, there is a special procedure for persons with disabilities who have reduced mobility (using a wheelchair) and whose primary polling station is not accessible. They need to vote further away from home and to register as voters at least 3 days before Election Day. They are not treated as common voters but as an exception.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

B4. Official recognition of sign language

Slovenian sign language is officially recognized and the Act on the use of Slovene Sign Language (96/2002) defines the rights of deaf persons and translations from and to sign language. According to Article 10 of this Act, deaf persons have a right to use sign language in proceedings before state bodies, local self-government public authorities or public service providers (i.e. hospitals etc.), as well as in other life situations in which deafness is an obstacle in meeting one's needs. A deaf person is also entitled to being informed in techniques adapted to their understanding. Their right to use sign language is unlimited before state bodies, public authorities and public services and in these situations the interpreter must be guaranteed (and financed) by these bodies. In addition, deaf persons have a right to use an interpreter in situations of their choice: each deaf person for 30 hours per year and each pupil or student who is deaf, for 100 hours per year. This is provided by the state (Ministry of labour, family, social affairs and equal opportunities), with a system of vouchers. Vouchers for interpretation can be obtained at the Centres for Social Work, which also register deaf persons and issue special identification cards for the purpose of obtaining vouchers.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

B5. National disability strategy and action plan

Slovenia has two Action Plans: Action Plan for the disabled 2007-2013 and Action Plan for Disabled 2014-2021. An evaluation of progress under the first plan was also published.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

C. Accessibility

C1. Transport accessibility

Article 16 of the Equalization of Opportunities for People with Disabilities Act 2010 gives provisions about the accessibility of public transport service. It states that people with disabilities should have equal access in road, rail and sea traffic. According to the Act it is an obligation of state, municipalities and public transport providers to make every public transport line accessible. Accessibility provision should be made for people with reduced mobility and sensory impairments and include architectural and information accessibility. Only when adjustment to a regular line would mean a disproportionate burden to the provider, special transport for a person with disabilities has to be organised, but at no additional cost to the person with disability. The Act envisages a 10 to 15 year transition period; this means that transport accessibility for people with disabilities is planned to become an actual right in 2025. In the Action Programme for Persons with Disabilities (2007 - 2013), Objective 3 includes some provisions on transport accessibility. However, these are not concrete provisions and no time scale is given. Measures include adaptation of all means of transport for people with physically and sensory impairments, accessibility of city and intercity transport, accessibility of stations and commitment to EU directives No. 2001/85, Directive No. 96/48, Regulation COM 2004/143, EU document COM 617/1999, Regulation (ES) No. 1107/2006 of the European Parliament and Council from 5 July 2006. Some transport services are provided by traditional invalid organisations for their members (Association for muscular dystrophy, Associations of paraplegics, Associations for cerebral palsy, etc.). However, these are not available to non-members or in rural areas.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

C2. Built environment accessibility

Accessibility of the built environment is a subject of the Construction Act which has been in use from 1 January 2003 (Art. 17 of the Act has provisions for accessibility of the built environment for people with disabilities), and the Spatial Planning Act in use from 1 January 2003. More detailed standards for the accessibility of buildings are the Slovene standard SIST ISO /TR 9527 – building construction (accepted), and Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units (changed after the decision of Constitutional Court). According to Art.17 of the Construction Act, all new buildings in public use and those that will be renovated, are obliged to provide a barrier free (built and communication) access for functionally disabled persons; access to higher floors must be assured by elevators or similar devices and multi- residential units have to have at least 10%of all apartments, and all common rooms accessible. The Ministry for the Environment and Spatial Planning also adopted a document called ‘Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units’ which in Article 4 narrowed the obligations for accessibility standards: for example only bigger hotels with 50 or more rooms should be accessible. But after a law suit by a disabled person, the Constitutional Court decided in 2009 that this Article is not in line with the Constitution and anti-discrimination provisions and it had to be changed. An accessible environment is one of the goals in the Action Programme for People with Disabilities 2007-2013 and it is included also in Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act from December 2010. According to this Act, public buildings should all be accessible by 2025 and fines are envisaged for organisations that will not comply.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

C3. ICT and Web accessibility

The Ministry for Public Administration has in 2008 adapted the whole State Portal of the Republic of Slovenia, an e-administration portal with procedures and forms important to citizens when dealing with public administration, by following instructions W3C WCAG 2.0 EU. Portal now corresponds to the standard W3C WAI level A and includes a speaker feature that reads out loud some of the content of the site.Article 17 of the Equalization of the Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 (EOPDA) envisages a right of people with sensory (and other) disabilities to some communication aids that are not included in other Acts (i.e. if they are not entitled to them because they did not have their disability insurance, additional ones). The sort of aids and their standards are not set out in EOPDA and should have been defined in supplementary administrative regulation by the responsible Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities,but have not yet been accepted. Specific rights under this provision are therefore not implemented.

National Guidelines for improvement of accessibility of built environment, information and communications for disabled adopted by the Government in 2005, recognizes accessibility of the environment, information and communications as a tool for integration of disabled people. On the basis of these Guidelines, the following rights are now accessible:

Television and radio services - People with disabilities are entitled to the exemption for payment of general fee for the use of Radio and Television; the right is defined in the 32. Article of the Act of Radio and Television of Slovenia (Zakon o Radioteleviziji Slovenija). People with disabilities, who are entitled, are people with a 100% bodily impairment, or less than 100% bodily impairment – in cases of people with deafness or people who are receiving the assistance and attendance allowance. In 2010, there were 17.043 persons who were exempt of this payment (according to the data of RTV – Radio and Television).

Telephone services - Articles 2 and 3 of the Act defines the rights in regard to the telephone connections. Persons with disabilities are entitled to priority service for telephone connections as well as telephone connection repairs and a 50% discount of the connection fee. Entitled persons are: people with 80% bodily impairment due to vision loss; people with 60% bodily impairment due to hearing loss; people with 80% bodily impairment. Article 4 defines that conditions for the use of telephone services and price lists must be available in voice form or/and Braille, for persons with vision impairments.

Internet services - A contract between the Ministry of labour, family, social affairs and equal opportunities and ARNES (public internet provider) enables users with disability and organizations for disabled persons to use internet services for free. Each user can receive an email account and access to the internet. In 2011, there were 53 organizations using this right, as well as 1789 individual persons. Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act (2010) speaks of the right to assistive devices that individuals need in their life to overcome communication barriers to ensure a safe and independent life and are used to access information, to communicate and adapt their living environment. All regulations connected to this Act are not adopted yet, so it is presently unknown, to what extent are there rights enacted (in terms of financial support for these adaptations).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D. Independent living

D1. Choice of living arrangements

Art. 13 of the Equalization of the Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 states that disabled people should have a right to choose their place of residence, have access to community services and have an actual right to non-profit apartments granted by local municipalities. However, the same article says that it is not discriminatory if the disabled person, in accordance with the contract with his/her legal representatives, is placed in institutional care as long as this is not forced on them (although, if the person does not have any practical options, this is forced accommodation). The Action Programme for People with Disabilities 2007-2013 and 2014-2021 states that people with disabilities should have the right to decide, on an equal basis with others and without discrimination, where they wish to live and should have the right to fully participate in community living. However, in the absence of available support mechanisms for community/independent living disabled persons requiring assistance have few choices but to live with a primary family or public care institutions.There is no legislation to support independent living and personal assistance in the community (although a Law on Personal Assistance was drafted in 2009 and discussed).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D2. De-institutionalisation

De-institutionalization has not progressed substantially in Slovenia. The Action Programme for People with Disabilities (2007-2013), in Objective 2 (The right to community living), maintains that for many persons with disabilities institutions are still needed. There are small institutional reorganizations in which large institutions have established smaller separate units (group homes) run by the same institutions. Fewer people live in these residential units, but the staff have not been re-trained. The Government has been working on the long-term-care act for several years. In 2014 Act on long-term care, personal assistance and long-term care insurance was drafted but is not yet finalized. The Act will regulate both the LTC content (services) and the stable financing of the system. The Act will also regulate the area of personal assistance (which is defined as a form of community care) of those disabled persons, who fully depend on assistance of another person.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D3. Quality of social services

There is no set standard for measuring the quality of social services specifically.The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities and the Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia operates as a social inspection in cases of service users complaints. The social inspection covers the work of public social protection institutes, concession holders and other legal entities and persons that provide social security services on the basis of a work permit.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D4. Provision of assistive devices at home

The assistive devices at home are mostly available for deaf and deaf-blind persons and for persons in need for car adaptation for driving and transport for physically disabled people. These rights are set out in the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 (Art. 17 and 21) and specified in the Rules on technical aids and adaptation of vehicles (Official Gazzette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 71, 2014).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes

There is no law to assure independent living and personal assistance in the community. A draft of the Law on Personal Assistance was written during 2009 and passed public debate in 2010, but in September 2012 the Parliament rejected a proposed Personal Assistance Act, developed by an NGO called YHD (Association for Theory and Culture of Handicap). Some NGOs have personal assistance programmes which differ in the content and the level of the service users' autonomy. The personal assistants are mostly unemployed job seekers.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D6. Income maintenance

Benefits are regulated by different Acts, according to the disability status of the person in question. Cash benefits, according to the Pension and Disability Insurance Act (to which people who have had employment or who receive a pension, are entitled) are: Care allowance for those who need partial help in daily activities (cca €150; and for those who need help in most daily activities €288.78 /per month; for those for those who need 24 hour assistance €412.54 /per month).

When a person with disabilities is partially employed, then the amount of disability pension depends from the reasons why the disability happened, the length of paying into the insurance scheme and the age of the person. Considering these, the person with disabilities is eligible for between 20% up to 80% of full disability pension. Disability compensation allowance is for those who got injured at work (categorised as at least with a disability of 30%); for those injured outside the work place (categorised as at least 50% disabled).Cash benefits are paid according to the Social Care for Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons Act, 1983 (for those who are defined as incapable of independent living and work).

The Social Care Act was amended in 2010 (implemented 2011). The major change has been that any property and savings of person with disability are now considered in grant procedures. The exception is for people who have disability status under the Social Care of Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons Act 1983, and who are at the same time either under guardianship or whose parents have prolonged parental rights. There are also special Acts that determine benefits for war veterans and civil casualties of wars.Legislation concerning cash benefits changed in the beginning of the 2012 (Law on Enforcement of Public Funds, 2010), and the most important change that novelty brought is that any property and savings of person with disability will be considered in grant procedure. The result of this change was that a lower number of persons are eligible for such benefits and some people also decided to stop receiving some cash transfers from the state in the fear that their children will need to pay back to the state after their death.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

D7. Additional costs

The increased cost of living for people with disabilities is recognised and partially compensated for in the Child Care Allowance (Art. 80 of Parental Protection and Family Benefit Act of 2001). This is a benefit to which family is entitled to if the child with disability is not in residential institutional care.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

D8. Retirement income

People with disabilities who are above retirement age have the same income protection as before retirement age which means that they become disability pensioners. According to the Pension and invalidity Insurance Act the beneficiaries are persons who were at the time of injury or illness that caused disability insured by The Institute for Pension and Invalidity Insurance (employed, self-employed, farmers etc.). The Pension and Invalidity Insurance Act presents a definition of disability in article 60: ‘invalidity’ shall be ascertained if due to changes in health condition which cannot be reversed by treatment or by measures of medical rehabilitation and have been ascertained pursuant to the present Act, the capacity of an insured person to secure or keep a job or to advance in career has been reduced. ‘Invalidity’ is classified according to three categories. Category I – if an insured person has lost the capacity to engage in organized gainful employment or, if he suffers from occupational invalidity and has lost the remaining capacity for work. Category II – if an insured person’s capacity for work in the occupation he was trained for is impaired by 50% or more. Category III – if an insured person, after prior occupational rehabilitation or without such occupational rehabilitation, has lost the capacity to work full time, but is capable of working at a certain job on a half-time basis at the least, or , if an insured person’s capacity for work in the occupation he was trained for is impaired by less than 50% or he can continue to work in his occupation on a full-time basis, but he has lost the capacity for work at the job he has been assigned to. ‘Occupation he was trained for’ shall be considered to be work at a job to which an insured person has been assigned and all the jobs which correspond to his physical and mental capacities and for which he has acquired relevant qualifications, supplementary training and work experience required for particular works in accordance with laws or collective agreements. The causes of occurrence of invalidity are employment injury, occupational disease, illness or off-the-job injury.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

E. Education

E1. Special schools

Placement of Children with Special Needs Act (2000) regulates placing children and young people with disabilities in different educational programmes including kindergartens and schools. Children and young people labelled as intellectually disabled in particular have no access to educational services offered to the general population.The additional regulations to the Placement of Children with Special Needs Act states that children with mild intellectual disabilities can only obtain lower educational standards, which in practice means that they are placed in special schools. People with moderate, severe and profound intellectual disabilities can only obtain special education in special units of institutions for children and young people with disabilities. In practice this means that they are most often sent to segregated facilities for special school education, which are run in institutions for children and young people with intellectual disabilities. These are known as ‘units for care and education’ (oddelki vzgoje in izobraževanja).

Children with intellectual disabilities may not be placed in mainstream schools because the ability to achieve the set educational standard for elementary school is the precondition for placement of the child in a mainstream school. Special elementary schools intended for children with sight impairments, hearing or speech impairment, or physical impairments are also organised as institutions and children can live in them during the week. The Primary School Law ensures that people with intellectual disability stay in the primary school until the age of 26 when they get enrolled in the sheltered workshops.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

E2. Mainstream schools

Some groups of children (although not those with intellectual disabilities) who are labelled as having special needs have been in the last decade more often than before sent to mainstream schools because of an inclusion and integration paradigm. The Placement of Children with Special Needs Act defines children with special needs as: children with intellectual disabilities, blind and partially sighted children, deaf and hearing impaired children, children who have speech disorders, children with physical disabilities, long term ill children, children with deficiencies in specific areas of learning and children with emotional and behavioural problems, who need adapted implementation of educational programmes with additional expert help, adapted educational programmes or special programmes of education. In accordance with the Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, the Placement Commissions are responsible for the assessment of all children with special needs and for making placement decisions on the type of school each child should attend. Upon a recommendation made by Placement Commission, the National Education Institute (orig.: Zavod za šolstvo) issues a written order of placement. The Placement Commission is extremely important as its written order of placement determines the educational programme child is allowed to attend and the type of the educational institution (specific kindergarten, school or institution). When relevant it specifies also the extent, method and form of additional expert support; technical aids, equipment and spatial requirements that need to be provided; a right to part time or full time assistance for physical help for a child with physical disability; a reduction of the number of children in class; the time frame for the next evaluation; and possibly other rights. Article 11 states that children with special needs should have proper conditions for education. Parents or legal guardians have, according to The Primary Schools Act, the right to enrol their child to a public school in a school district where they live, and school is obliged to accept the child. For children with special needs there is a limitation in Art. 49 of the Act, which states that parents have a right to enrol a child with special needs to a school in their school district, except if this school does not meet the conditions of child’s needs, in this case the placement commission names a school to which the child will be enrolled.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

E3. Sign language and Braille in school

Article 4 of the Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs states that blind and visually impaired children and deaf and hearing impaired children may get up to 5 hours of additional expert help in first placement order for elementary school, and up to three hours in later placements (higher classes and high school) or in kindergarten. Article 5 of the same Regulations allows for additional expert help for blind and partially sighted children and allows one extra hour for kindergartens, the last third (classes from 7-9) of elementary school and secondary education, and three more hours for children in elementary school (classes from 1 – 6). This right is usually implemented in a form of group work in premises of School for blind. There is no such provision for children who are deaf or who have severe hearing impairments.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

E4. Vocational training

The Action Programme for Persons with Disabilities 2007-2013 recognises the fact that children and adults with disabilities are less integrated and have lower level of education; in particular it states: ‘[…] their share in secondary and higher education structures is particularly low. Inclusion in secondary and higher education is a challenge for equal opportunities for persons with disabilities within the whole educational system [..].’ Measures that should take place in order to change that, are general and include, among others, the need for a more accessible built environment, access to accessible study literature, a right to an interpreter, access to an induction loop, etc. After completing primary education, children and young people with disabilities may receive secondary education or vocational education or training. At secondary education level, children with special needs are included in adapted programmes of secondary general or vocational education with additional expert help. Besides the right to additional expert help (max. 3 hours per week), organisation of the learning process at secondary level might include: personal assistance in school, a lower number of pupils in a class, use of adapted learning aids and adapted study materials.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

E5. Higher education

The Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, states in Art. 3 that: ’Students at university programmes should have additional equipment ensured in concordance with university statute.’ In practice this means that universities themselves, in their regulations, state the extent to which they will meet the needs of disabled students and which rights they will grant. The student whose access to higher education is limited has no legal ground for claiming discrimination in education. According to the Statute of the University of Ljubljana, students with disabilities have a right to take exams outside the regular exam period, and can progress to a higher class even if they have not fulfilled all conditions. The Statute of the University of Maribor states that students with disabilities have a right to adaptations in classes, practical work and exams. How this right will be implemented is up to the particular faculty unit of the University. Technical aid is regulated under Health Insurance Rules, and can be obtained under their procedures and conditions. Students with disabilities do not have any specific or additional rights, because of their student status. Some adaptations and equipment are available to members of The Association of the Students with Disabilities (an NGO), and they provide services like the use of computers, copying, scanning, printing of materials, large-printing and making audio files of study materials. Universities gather their own data on students with disabilities and/or special needs, but overall data are missing. Different sources report different data of the number of students in tertiary education. The issues are also:

-in some statistics only those who are formally categorized as invalids/disabled are counted;

-some statistics report about the students with special needs which is a broader category than the “invalids”;

-some students who were categorized in the past as “children with special needs”, or “secondary school pupils with special needs” decide to renounce of the disability status and despite of the actual impairment fall out of any statistics and get no support from the state. Each university has its own regulations in this area. Most of the universities require the official document of disability or the written order issued by the Institute for Education of the Republic of Slovenia in order for the person to get some special treatment.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

F. Employment

F1. Non-discrimination in employment

Article 1 of the Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act of 2004 describes the Act as the foundation for equal treatment of every person who puts into force his or her rights and obligations and wants to fulfil fundamental freedom in all aspects of social life especially in the area of employment, working relations, inclusion in trade unions and civil organisations, education, social protection, access to goods and services regardless of the personal circumstances of the person such as nationality, race, ethnicity, gender, health conditions, disability, language, religious and other belief, age, sexual orientation, educational level, wealth, social status and other personal circumstances. Article 3 of the same Act forbids discrimination and victimisation in all areas which are mentioned in the Article 1. Article 14 of the Slovene Constitution states: ‘In Slovenia everyone shall be guaranteed equal human rights and fundamental freedoms irrespective of national origin, race, sex, language, religion, political, or other conviction, material standing, birth, education, social status, invalidity, or any other personal circumstance.’ The term ‘Invalidity’ as a circumstance was added in 2004. The National Action Programme on Disability 2007 – 2013 includes general principles and obligations deriving from international and national documents in this area. Goals set in them are: increasing the number of employed persons with disabilities and thus reducing social transfers; allowing people with disabilities to get and retain employment and to build a career in the area they were trained and educated in; to improve working conditions and to reduce accidents at work; to provide support, services, adaptations, access and technical aids, that will allow efficient work to be done by people with disabilities. The introduction of the quota system in 2006 was an important change in the area of employment of people with disabilities. It means an obligation of employers to employ disabled people or to pay a fine to the Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Disabled People.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

F2. Public employment services

Employment Service of Slovenia is a national service with regional offices. For job-seekers with disabilities, the Employment Service offers rehabilitation counseling, which is a special form of career counseling, involving providing information on the rights of people with disabilities, identifying and analyzing the needs of a person in employment, as well as preparing an assessment of the employment possibilities for the person with disabilities. After a person is assessed by a rehabilitation committee, they can become included in vocational rehabilitation: together with a rehabilitation counselor, they make a rehabilitation plan, which defines the goals of the vocational rehabilitation, form and duration of service and a method of monitoring. Rehabilitation plan is continuously edited with the reports of providers of vocational rehabilitation, team meetings and further consultations. The rehabilitation counseling is concluded with an assessment of employment possibilities of the individual.

There are 58 offices of the Employment Service of Slovenia (Office for Work) across Slovenia, and one central office in Ljubljana. In four urban areas there are also centers for informing and professional counseling (CIPS) – In Ljubljana, Koper, Maribor and Murska Sobota, 17 information sites of CIPS and 9 information points across Slovenia.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

F3. Workplace adaptations

Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act gives a formal right for support in the open labour market, called 'supported employment' (Art. 48). Workplace adaptation is a right of a disabled person who completed vocational rehabilitation procedure marked as suitable for supported employment. Workplace adaptation is regulated under pension and disability insurance (if the disability has been acquired while the person was in employment). In 2012, the Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute received 21 requests for adaptations of the workplace (the same as in 2011) by 16 employers. The amounts of adaptations were from €149 to €6550.26 and all together amounted to €32,273.55. (data: Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

F4. Financial incentives

According to the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act (2004), employers who employ more persons with disabilities than they are obliged to according to the quota regulation, are entitled to two different sorts of employment incentives: a reward for exceeding the quota (25% of minimum wage for each person with disability above the quota obligation) (Art. 75) and exclusion from payment of pension and disability insurance (for each person with disability above the quota obligation) (Art. 74).

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

G. Statistics and data collection

G1. Official research

There are no official research institutes or departments responsible only for research on disability equality and the collection of data and statistics. There are research bodies which occasionally do research on disability upon a request by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Education which funds research projects. These research institutions are: the Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (financed by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs); the Educational Research Institute (Financed by the Ministry of Education); the Faculty of Social Work (research on disability funded by the National Research Institute of the RS) and the Faculty of Education (funded by the Ministry of Education and the National Research Institute of the RS). All of these research bodies are funded additionally by the EU research funds when they are successful with tenders (for the European Social Fund for instance). Statistical data are collected by different bodies and a there is no common collection of statistical data and other relevant information. These bodies are: the Directorate of Invalids, which is part of the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs, the Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Disabled People, the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute, the Employment Service of the Republic of Slovenia and the Institute of Heath Protection of the Republic of Slovenia. The University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, an entirely medically oriented institution, has been involved in several international research projects: Multimodal Immersive Motion Rehabilitation with Interactive Cognitive Systems (MIMICS) EU 7FP ICT; Multidisciplinary Research Network on Health and Disability in Europe (MURINET) EU 035794-1; Slovenia-Austria 2007-2013: TrainProCoop. Training of staff for the integration of people with disabilities; Leonardo da Vinci: EOF – European Outplacement Framework; Leonardo da Vinci : Equabench; Leonardo da Vinci – development of innovation; ACTrain; and Outcome Measurement in Medical Rehabilitation (European Platform for Rehabilitation (EPR).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

G2. Census data

There is census research that is carried out once in a decade. There are no questions on disability included in the census. The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia is responsible for yearly statistics collection; they are all available on the internet.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

G3. Labour Force Survey

There is a Labour Force Survey in Slovenia. In 2011 one of the additional modules that has been added to the existing pool of information, was the Employment of people with disabilities, as suggested by the European Commission. For this purpose Slovenia received additional financial support from European funds.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

G4. Disability equality indicators

There are no disability equality indicators based on public data sources.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H. Awareness and external action

H1. Awareness raising programs

National sources most often mention the University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia as most active in awareness raising and education of different professionals in the area of disability. However, they are entirely medically- oriented, as demonstrated by their journal ‘Rehabilitation’ and by training activities they do. The content of activities is almost entirely focused on diagnosis, treatments, assistive devices and their practical uses as well as the use of the medical classification functioning scale in Slovenia. The training is done by professionals and disabled professionals who belong to and identify themselves with the traditional invalid organisations. The analysis of all 7 Numbers of the Journal since 2008 shows that none of the contributions deal with equality, awareness raising but with medical rehabilitation of limbs and other bodily parts. The University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia got funds in 2009 from the EU for projects such as: informing and training the public in order to increase the employability of people with disabilities; information about international regulation of employment of people with disabilities; information about the management of projects in the area of employment; a Publication: What do employees need to know about employment of people with disabilities: from tax reductions towards the European regulations; International Mobility Project Leonardo da Vinci with the title: ‘The increase of the competencies of tutors, policy makers and other stakeholders for better employability of people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups’. They also ran 12 workshops on the above mentioned topics with the local Employment services with around 600 staff members participating in the workshops. The Institution for primary education for children with intellectual disabilities (Zavod za usposabljanje Janez Levec) has since 2007 organised a festival called ‘Play with me,’ which is an awareness raising programme for the visibility of children with special needs and cooperation between children with disabilities and non-disabled children. In 2008 they were awarded for the festival with the Hanndinov (Hanndicap inovation) by the EU. The Ministry of Health in 2009 published an awareness raising publication ‘Directions for a holistic treatment of persons with the disturbances of autistic spectrum’. The Ministry of Health has also in 2009 and 2010 funded several workshops with a focus on awareness raising for young people in the area such like: Pedagogical workshops for young people 5-TIMES STOP IS COOL; a World day of commemorating the victims of car accidents; Independent living for people with a chronic inflammation of the intestine; Living with incontinence a full life in society.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H2. Training for teachers

The Faculty of Education of the University of Ljubljana has one department that is specifically focused on people with disabilities: the Department for Special Education. There are some lecturers who focus on inclusion of children with special needs. Partially, awareness raising is part of formal training. At other departments like the Department of Social Education, Department of Pre-School Education and Department of Primary School Education there are some topics which can be defined as the awareness raising in the area of people with disability. Awareness raising teaching is limited to understanding the ‘differences of children and adults with disabilities’ and ‘special needs’, but not equality and diversity. In 2011 one disabled people’s organisation was involved in teaching on two programmes at the Faculty, each time 2 hours: Department for Special Education (module: Developmental Psychology) and Department of Social Pedagogy (module: Developmental psychology). The topics of the 2 hours teaching were ‘independent living’ and the ‘support for social inclusion of children with special needs in schools’. The disabled people’s organisation carried out the teaching voluntarily without payment. This is an irregular involvement which is a result of personal relationships between lecturers and disability activists, but is not a systemic part of higher education. The Association of organisations for the vocational training for people with special needs (Skupnost organizacij za usposabljanje oseb s posebnimi potrebami, SOUS) in cooperation with the Organisation of special and rehabilitation educators of Slovenia (Društvo specialnih in rehabilitacijskih pedagogov Slovenije) organised in 2009 training with different professionals who work in special schools, institutions and mainstream education with children with special needs. The subject was ‘Violence as a topic – violence in kindergartens, schools and in special institutions for people with disabilities’. The same Association of organisations for the vocational training for people with special needs (Skupnost organizacij za usposabljanje oseb s posebnimi potrebami, SOUS) has received funding from the European Social Fund 2008- 2011 for professional education in care and education for people with special needs. Additional money was given by the Ministry of Education, which funded a 3 year project: ‘Education of professional workers for a successful inclusion of children and young people with special needs in education.’ Workers in education are supposed to get 56 hours of training. In 2009 there were 2440 professionals involved in the training who worked in kindergartens, schools and in special education.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H3. Training for lawyers

At the Faculty of Law at the University of Ljubljana which is the biggest among the three law faculties in Slovenia disability awareness/equality issues is not part of the formal training. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers. There is no knowledge that in any other faculties of law such training exists.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H4. Training for doctors

There is no special training on disability awareness/equality issues in the initial medical training for doctors. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H5. Training for engineers

At the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Ljubljana (the only educational institution of this type) disability awareness/equality issues are not part of the formal training. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H6. International development aid

Since 2009 109 children from Gaza were offerend rehabilitation by the University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia. Each year between 20 - 30 disabled children come for a couple of weeks at the rehabilitation center. The project is financed by the Ministry of Foreing Affairs and is currently called »The Rehabilitation of the victims of the conflict from Gaza and the support for the development of capacities in Gaza 2014-2015'. In 2010 The Directorate of Invalids gave a positive assessment for few bilateral projects between Slovenia and Croatia in the area of disability which seems to be mainly financed by IPA (the instrument for pre-accession assistance of the EU) and partially by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs in order to support the neighbouring country with knowledge and collaboration (personal inquiry; communication with Saša Mlakar, Under Secretary at The Directorate of Invalids; 28. 06. 2011). The positive assessment of the projects was based on the national strategy IPA Slovenia – Croatia 2007-2013.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2015-06-09

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                    [path] => 
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            [18] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 22
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => lithuania
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 21
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            [19] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 23
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                    [rgt] => 39
                    [level] => 2
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 22
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [20] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 24
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 23
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            [21] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 25
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 24
                    [state] => 1
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                )

            [22] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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            [23] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 27
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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                )

            [24] => stdClass Object
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                    [access] => 0
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            [25] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 28
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                    [id] => 30
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                    [access] => 0
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            [27] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [id] => 32
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            [29] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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            [30] => stdClass Object
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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                    [level] => 1
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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        )

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                    [level] => 1
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [ordering] => 3
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                    [access] => 0
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                    [ordering] => 4
                    [state] => 1
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 5
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [5] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a5-focal-point
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 6
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 7
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [7] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 8
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [8] => stdClass Object
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                    [rgt] => 17
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a8-official-reporting
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 9
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [9] => stdClass Object
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 10
                    [state] => 1
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                    [rgt] => 32
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => b-general-legal-framework
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 11
                    [state] => 1
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            [11] => stdClass Object
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                    [rgt] => 23
                    [level] => 2
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 12
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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                    [lft] => 24
                    [rgt] => 25
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 13
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [13] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 15
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                    [lft] => 26
                    [rgt] => 27
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections
                    [title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 14
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [14] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 16
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                    [lft] => 28
                    [rgt] => 29
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language
                    [title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 15
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [15] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 17
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                    [lft] => 30
                    [rgt] => 31
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 16
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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            [16] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 18
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 33
                    [rgt] => 40
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => c-accessibility
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 17
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [17] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 19
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                    [lft] => 34
                    [rgt] => 35
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c1-transport-accessibility
                    [title] => C1. Transport accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 18
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [18] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 20
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                    [lft] => 36
                    [rgt] => 37
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 19
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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            [19] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 21
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                    [lft] => 38
                    [rgt] => 39
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility
                    [title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 20
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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            [20] => stdClass Object
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                    [slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 22
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                    [slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation
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                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 23
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
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                    [ordering] => 24
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 25
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                    [alias] => 
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 29
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => e1-special-schools
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                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 31
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => e2-mainstream-schools
                    [title] => E2. Mainstream schools
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 32
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [rgt] => 65
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                    [slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school
                    [title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 33
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => e4-vocational-training
                    [title] => E4. Vocational training
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 34
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => e5-higher-education
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 35
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [slug] => f-employment
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                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 36
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 72
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                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment
                    [title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 37
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 74
                    [rgt] => 75
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f2-public-employment-services
                    [title] => F2. Public employment services
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 38
                    [state] => 1
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                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
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                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 76
                    [rgt] => 77
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations
                    [title] => F3. Workplace adaptations
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [39] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 41
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 78
                    [rgt] => 79
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f4-financial-incentives
                    [title] => F4. Financial incentives
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 40
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
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            [40] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 42
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 81
                    [rgt] => 90
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => g-statistics-and-data-collection
                    [title] => G. Statistics and data collection
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 41
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 4
                )

            [41] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 43
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 82
                    [rgt] => 83
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g1-official-research
                    [title] => G1. Official research
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 42
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [42] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 44
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 84
                    [rgt] => 85
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g2-census-data
                    [title] => G2. Census data
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 43
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

            [43] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 45
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 86
                    [rgt] => 87
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g3-labour-force-survey
                    [title] => G3. Labour Force Survey
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 44
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                )

            [44] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 46
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 88
                    [rgt] => 89
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators
                    [title] => G4. Disability equality indicators
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 45
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [45] => stdClass Object
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                    [id] => 47
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 91
                    [rgt] => 104
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => h-awareness-and-external-action
                    [title] => H. Awareness and external action
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 46
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 6
                )

            [46] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 48
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 92
                    [rgt] => 93
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs
                    [title] => H1. Awareness raising programs
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 47
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [47] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 49
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 94
                    [rgt] => 95
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h2-training-for-teachers
                    [title] => H2. Training for teachers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 48
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [48] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 50
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 96
                    [rgt] => 97
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers
                    [title] => H3. Training for lawyers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 49
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [49] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 51
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 98
                    [rgt] => 99
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h4-training-for-doctors
                    [title] => H4. Training for doctors
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 50
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [50] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 52
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 100
                    [rgt] => 101
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h5-training-for-engineers
                    [title] => H5. Training for engineers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 51
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [51] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 53
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 102
                    [rgt] => 103
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h6-international-development-aid
                    [title] => H6. International development aid
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 52
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

        )

    [results] => Array
        (
            [30] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [parent] => EU Member States
                    [location] => Slovenia
                    [location_id] => 30
                    [location_slug] => slovenia
                    [themes] => Array
                        (
                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                                    [theme_slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                                    [theme_id] => 3
                                    [contents] => The Republic of Slovenia has signed the UN Convention and the Optional protocol on 31 March 2007. The Slovene parliament passed the Act Ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 2 April 2008. The Act was published in the Official Gazette on 15 April 2008 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia,No. 10/2008) and came into force on 16 April 2008.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:52:36
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Act Ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r04/predpis_ZAKO5314.html   (20.06. 2011)
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Easy read in Slovenian language
                                                    [url] => http://www.zagovornik.gov.si/uploads/media/konvencija_invalidi_lahki_vodnik_01.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                                    [theme_slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                                    [theme_id] => 4
                                    [contents] => The Republic of Slovenia signed the UN Convention and the optional protocol on 31 March 2007. The Parliament of the Republic of Slovenia passed the Act Ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 2 April 2008.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:52:02
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Act ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (20.06. 2011)
                                                    [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r04/predpis_ZAKO5314.html
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Slovenian translation of the CRPD
                                                    [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/konvencija_o_pravicah_invalidov.pdf
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Easy read version of CRPD in Slovenian 
                                                    [url] => http://www.zagovornik.gov.si/uploads/media/konvencija_invalidi_lahki_vodnik_01.pdf
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                                    [theme_slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                                    [theme_id] => 5
                                    [contents] => There are no Declarations, Reservations or Objections made to the UN Convention.
                                    [update_date] => 2012-12-09 14:37:43
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                        )

                                )

                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                                    [theme_slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                                    [theme_id] => 6
                                    [contents] => There was no comprehensive review of existing legislation made solely for implementation of the Convention. Analysis of State Care for Persons with Disabilities was made by the Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia in 2009, under the initiative of disability organisations. Articles 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 30 of the Convention were looked at.
                                    [update_date] => 2012-12-09 14:38:05
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia
                                                    [url] => http://www.irssv.si/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A5. Focal point
                                    [theme_slug] => a5-focal-point
                                    [theme_id] => 7
                                    [contents] => The Focal point for the implementation of the UN Convention and Optional Protocol is the Ministry for Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:49:52
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Ministry for Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
                                                    [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/en/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A6. Coordination mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 8
                                    [contents] => The Council for the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia is envisaged as being responsible for the implementation of the Convention, for the promotion and monitoring and is the coordination mechanism in the country (Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act, Official Gazette of the republic of Slovenia , No. 94/2010 and 50/2010; Art. 28). The Council was established in February 2014. The Council consist of seven representatives of disability organisations, named by National Council of Disability Organisations, seven representatives of different professional institutions dealing with disability and seven representatives of the government.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:48:32
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO4342.html
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act
                                                    [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO4342
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The founding meeting of the Council of the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia
                                                    [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/nc/si/medijsko_sredisce/novica/article/1966/7348/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A7. Independent mechanism
                                    [theme_slug] => a7-independent-mechanism
                                    [theme_id] => 9
                                    [contents] => The Council for the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia established in 2014 is defined as the independent mechanism. The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act of 2010, in Article 28, envisages establishment of an independent body. It should, among other things, monitor the implementation of the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. According to the Act the Council of Disabled People of the Republic of Slovenia is planned to have 21 members, among them: seven representatives of disability organisations, seven representatives of professional institutions in the field of disability (Health Insurance Institute, Pension and Disability Insurance Institute, Social care Institute, Employment Service of Slovenia, Vocational Rehabilitation Providers Association, Training Providers Union) and seven representatives of government, named by different Ministries (covering disability, education, culture, finance, science and health).
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:47:54
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act, 2010
                                                    [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=201094&stevilka=4936
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The founding meeting of the Council of the Disabled of the Republic of Slovenia: 
                                                    [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/nc/si/medijsko_sredisce/novica/article/1966/7348/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A8. Official reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a8-official-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 10
                                    [contents] => The Directorate for the disabled, war veterans and the victims of the war violence at the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities of the Republic of  Slovenia is responsible for the official reporting. The first report of the implementation of the UNCRPD for Slovenia was completed in 2013. The Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia funded by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities of the Republic of  Slovenia is responsible for the Evaluation of the Action Plan of the Disabled 2007-2013.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:47:23
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => State reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=159&DocTypeID=29
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=159
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The role of invalids and the state in the following the implementation of the Convention of the Rights of People with Disabilities [Vloga invalidov in države pri spremljanju uresničevanja Konvencije o pravicah invalidov] (Discussion in the National Council)
                                                    [url] => http://www.ds-rs.si/?q=node/2452
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Directorate for the disabled, war veterans and the victims of the war violence 
                                                    [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/invalidi_vzv/
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A9. Shadow reporting
                                    [theme_slug] => a9-shadow-reporting
                                    [theme_id] => 11
                                    [contents] => No shadow or parallel report has yet been prepared or submitted to the UN Committee.
                                    [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:44:00
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Civil society reports to the UN Committee
                                                    [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=159&DocTypeID=14
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => B. General legal framework
                                    [theme_title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation
                                    [theme_slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation
                                    [theme_id] => 13
                                    [contents] => The Slovene Constitution contains an anti-discrimination provision in Article 14 (Equality before the Law) which states: In Slovenia everyone shall be guaranteed equal human rights and fundamental freedoms irrespective of national origin, race, sex, language, religion, political, or other conviction, material standing, birth, education, social status, disability, or any other personal circumstance.The term disability (invalidnost) as a circumstance was added in 2004. A general anti-discrimination framework is provided by two laws.  The Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act  (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No.  93/2007) protects persons including those with disabilities from discrimination and unequal treatment.

The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act from 2010 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 94/2010) provides a general prohibition of discrimination against disabled persons in access to goods and services (most specifically in relation to state institutions). It provides some rights in terms of equalization of opportunities i.e. a right to some technical aids; adaptation of vehicles, and a call centre for the deaf. The Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act requires minimum requirements for the accessibility for goods and services within 12 months but until this date the requirements have not yet been written. In practice, this means that persons with disabilities can not issue legal complaint related to discrimination in the area of goods and services. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:41:45 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities, 2010 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO4342.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO3908 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO4342 ) ) ) [14] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity [theme_slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity [theme_id] => 14 [contents] => Legal capacity issues are defined in in the Non-litigious Civil Procedure Act, 1986 (Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, No. 30/1986). Legal capacity can be withdrawn in a non-litigious legal procedure. Legal capacity is a capacity to perform legal acts. The person is defined as fully legally capable by the age of 18. From 15 to 18 years of age a young person has a partial legal capacity, meaning that he/she needs an approval of a guardian when concluding more important legal duties. Articles 44 to 56 define the procedure for withdrawal and recovery of legal capacity. Legal capacity can be withdrawn in cases of mental illness, intellectual disability, alcohol or drug addiction or other reasons that make a person incapable of looking after their own rights and interests. The procedure starts at the initiative of social care services, a public attorney, spouse, or other close relative. The person in question may start the procedure him/her-self if capable of understanding the meaning of legal capacity. Articles 57 - 60 define the procedure for prolongation or elimination of parental rights. Prolongation of parental rights has similar practical consequences as the withdrawal of legal capacity. The prolongation of parental rights is also regulated by the Marriage and Family Relations Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 69/2004). The Centre for social work is obliged to find a guardian for the person whose legal capacity has been taken away and to define his/her obligations and mandate. The centre for social work also takes into consideration the wishes of the person whose legal capacity has been taken away, if the person is able to express them, as well as the wishes of his/her relatives. The guardianship ends if the court gives back the person's legal capacity. This is a formal possibility which is hardly never implemented. Amendment to the Family Act in 2011 was intended to extend the rights of persons with disabilities in relation to the rights of their parents. The Act passed Parliamentary procedure but was later overruled by a referendum decision (25 March 2012) so the previous Act remains in force. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:40:46 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Non-litigious Civil Procedure Act, 1986 [url] => http://www.mp.gov.si/fileadmin/mp.gov.si/pageuploads/2005/PDF/zakonodaja/ZNP_Slo_neuradno_precisceno_besedilo.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Marriage and Family Relations Act: [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r00/predpis_ZAKO40.html ) ) ) [15] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections [theme_slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections [theme_id] => 15 [contents] => Electoral districts are obliged to define one architectural barrier-free polling station within the district. In such a polling station there are also adapted voting machines enabling independence in voting and adapted ballot papers (Art. 79a, National Assembly Elections Act - official consolidated version, Official Gazette, No. 109/2006). However, there is a special procedure for persons with disabilities who have reduced mobility (using a wheelchair) and whose primary polling station is not accessible. They need to vote further away from home and to register as voters at least 3 days before Election Day. They are not treated as common voters but as an exception. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:40:09 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Assembly Elections Act [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r05/predpis_ZAKO185.html ) ) ) [16] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language [theme_slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language [theme_id] => 16 [contents] => Slovenian sign language is officially recognized and the Act on the use of Slovene Sign Language (96/2002) defines the rights of deaf persons and translations from and to sign language. According to Article 10 of this Act, deaf persons have a right to use sign language in proceedings before state bodies, local self-government public authorities or public service providers (i.e. hospitals etc.), as well as in other life situations in which deafness is an obstacle in meeting one's needs. A deaf person is also entitled to being informed in techniques adapted to their understanding. Their right to use sign language is unlimited before state bodies, public authorities and public services and in these situations the interpreter must be guaranteed (and financed) by these bodies. In addition, deaf persons have a right to use an interpreter in situations of their choice: each deaf person for 30 hours per year and each pupil or student who is deaf, for 100 hours per year. This is provided by the state (Ministry of labour, family, social affairs and equal opportunities), with a system of vouchers. Vouchers for interpretation can be obtained at the Centres for Social Work, which also register deaf persons and issue special identification cards for the purpose of obtaining vouchers. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:36:27 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on the Use of Slovene Sign Language [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r03/predpis_ZAKO1713.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Association of the Slovene sign language translators [url] => http://www.tolmaci.si/ ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Association of the deaf and hearing-impaired (Zveza gluhih in naglušnih) [url] => http://www.zveza-gns.si/ ) ) ) [17] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan [theme_slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan [theme_id] => 17 [contents] => Slovenia has two Action Plans: Action Plan for the disabled 2007-2013 and Action Plan for Disabled 2014-2021. An evaluation of progress under the first plan was also published. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:47:13 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Action Plan for Disabled 2014- 2021 [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/invalidi_vzv/API_2014-2021.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Action Plan for Disabled 2007-2013 [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/api_07_13.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Evaluation of the Action Plan of the Disabled 2007-2013, final report [url] => http://www.irssv.si/upload2/Vmesna%20evalvacija%20API_koncno%20porocilo_29.%2012.%202011.pdf ) ) ) [19] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C1. Transport accessibility [theme_slug] => c1-transport-accessibility [theme_id] => 19 [contents] => Article 16 of the Equalization of Opportunities for People with Disabilities Act 2010 gives provisions about the accessibility of public transport service. It states that people with disabilities should have equal access in road, rail and sea traffic. According to the Act it is an obligation of state, municipalities and public transport providers to make every public transport line accessible. Accessibility provision should be made for people with reduced mobility and sensory impairments and include architectural and information accessibility. Only when adjustment to a regular line would mean a disproportionate burden to the provider, special transport for a person with disabilities has to be organised, but at no additional cost to the person with disability. The Act envisages a 10 to 15 year transition period; this means that transport accessibility for people with disabilities is planned to become an actual right in 2025. In the Action Programme for Persons with Disabilities (2007 - 2013), Objective 3 includes some provisions on transport accessibility. However, these are not concrete provisions and no time scale is given. Measures include adaptation of all means of transport for people with physically and sensory impairments, accessibility of city and intercity transport, accessibility of stations and commitment to EU directives No. 2001/85, Directive No. 96/48, Regulation COM 2004/143, EU document COM 617/1999, Regulation (ES) No. 1107/2006 of the European Parliament and Council from 5 July 2006. Some transport services are provided by traditional invalid organisations for their members (Association for muscular dystrophy, Associations of paraplegics, Associations for cerebral palsy, etc.). However, these are not available to non-members or in rural areas. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:35:45 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities, 2010 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO4342.html ) ) ) [20] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C2. Built environment accessibility [theme_slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility [theme_id] => 20 [contents] => Accessibility of the built environment is a subject of the Construction Act which has been in use from 1 January 2003 (Art. 17 of the Act has provisions for accessibility of the built environment for people with disabilities), and the Spatial Planning Act in use from 1 January 2003. More detailed standards for the accessibility of buildings are the Slovene standard SIST ISO /TR 9527 – building construction (accepted), and Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units (changed after the decision of Constitutional Court). According to Art.17 of the Construction Act, all new buildings in public use and those that will be renovated, are obliged to provide a barrier free (built and communication) access for functionally disabled persons; access to higher floors must be assured by elevators or similar devices and multi- residential units have to have at least 10%of all apartments, and all common rooms accessible. The Ministry for the Environment and Spatial Planning also adopted a document called ‘Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units’ which in Article 4 narrowed the obligations for accessibility standards: for example only bigger hotels with 50 or more rooms should be accessible. But after a law suit by a disabled person, the Constitutional Court decided in 2009 that this Article is not in line with the Constitution and anti-discrimination provisions and it had to be changed. An accessible environment is one of the goals in the Action Programme for People with Disabilities 2007-2013 and it is included also in Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act from December 2010. According to this Act, public buildings should all be accessible by 2025 and fines are envisaged for organisations that will not comply. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:34:58 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Construction Act, 2002 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=2002110&stevilka=5387 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Spatial Planning Act, 2002 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=39920 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units, 2003 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200397&stevilka=4330 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Constitutional Court decision about the annulment of Article 4 of Rules for demands to ensure accessible entrance and use of buildings in public use and bigger residential units [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200977&stevilka=3366 ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities, 2010 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=100876&part=&highlight=zimi ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Action plan for persons with disabilities 2007-2013 [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/en/legislation ) ) ) [21] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility [theme_slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility [theme_id] => 21 [contents] => The Ministry for Public Administration has in 2008 adapted the whole State Portal of the Republic of Slovenia, an e-administration portal with procedures and forms important to citizens when dealing with public administration, by following instructions W3C WCAG 2.0 EU. Portal now corresponds to the standard W3C WAI level A and includes a speaker feature that reads out loud some of the content of the site.Article 17 of the Equalization of the Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 (EOPDA) envisages a right of people with sensory (and other) disabilities to some communication aids that are not included in other Acts (i.e. if they are not entitled to them because they did not have their disability insurance, additional ones). The sort of aids and their standards are not set out in EOPDA and should have been defined in supplementary administrative regulation by the responsible Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities,but have not yet been accepted. Specific rights under this provision are therefore not implemented.

National Guidelines for improvement of accessibility of built environment, information and communications for disabled adopted by the Government in 2005, recognizes accessibility of the environment, information and communications as a tool for integration of disabled people. On the basis of these Guidelines, the following rights are now accessible:

Television and radio services - People with disabilities are entitled to the exemption for payment of general fee for the use of Radio and Television; the right is defined in the 32. Article of the Act of Radio and Television of Slovenia (Zakon o Radioteleviziji Slovenija). People with disabilities, who are entitled, are people with a 100% bodily impairment, or less than 100% bodily impairment – in cases of people with deafness or people who are receiving the assistance and attendance allowance. In 2010, there were 17.043 persons who were exempt of this payment (according to the data of RTV – Radio and Television).

Telephone services - Articles 2 and 3 of the Act defines the rights in regard to the telephone connections. Persons with disabilities are entitled to priority service for telephone connections as well as telephone connection repairs and a 50% discount of the connection fee. Entitled persons are: people with 80% bodily impairment due to vision loss; people with 60% bodily impairment due to hearing loss; people with 80% bodily impairment. Article 4 defines that conditions for the use of telephone services and price lists must be available in voice form or/and Braille, for persons with vision impairments.

Internet services - A contract between the Ministry of labour, family, social affairs and equal opportunities and ARNES (public internet provider) enables users with disability and organizations for disabled persons to use internet services for free. Each user can receive an email account and access to the internet. In 2011, there were 53 organizations using this right, as well as 1789 individual persons. Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act (2010) speaks of the right to assistive devices that individuals need in their life to overcome communication barriers to ensure a safe and independent life and are used to access information, to communicate and adapt their living environment. All regulations connected to this Act are not adopted yet, so it is presently unknown, to what extent are there rights enacted (in terms of financial support for these adaptations). [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:34:08 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Law on Radio and Television [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200596&stevilka=4191 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Uredba o ukrepih za končne uporabnike invalide [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=2005101&stevilka=4402 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act  (Zakon o izenačevanju možnosti invalidov) [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=100876 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => ARNES [url] => http://www.arnes.si/en.html ) ) ) [23] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements [theme_slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements [theme_id] => 23 [contents] => Art. 13 of the Equalization of the Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 states that disabled people should have a right to choose their place of residence, have access to community services and have an actual right to non-profit apartments granted by local municipalities. However, the same article says that it is not discriminatory if the disabled person, in accordance with the contract with his/her legal representatives, is placed in institutional care as long as this is not forced on them (although, if the person does not have any practical options, this is forced accommodation). The Action Programme for People with Disabilities 2007-2013 and 2014-2021 states that people with disabilities should have the right to decide, on an equal basis with others and without discrimination, where they wish to live and should have the right to fully participate in community living. However, in the absence of available support mechanisms for community/independent living disabled persons requiring assistance have few choices but to live with a primary family or public care institutions.There is no legislation to support independent living and personal assistance in the community (although a Law on Personal Assistance was drafted in 2009 and discussed). [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:32:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities, 2010 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=100876&part=&highlight=zimi ) ) ) [24] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D2. De-institutionalisation [theme_slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation [theme_id] => 24 [contents] => De-institutionalization has not progressed substantially in Slovenia. The Action Programme for People with Disabilities (2007-2013), in Objective 2 (The right to community living), maintains that for many persons with disabilities institutions are still needed. There are small institutional reorganizations in which large institutions have established smaller separate units (group homes) run by the same institutions. Fewer people live in these residential units, but the staff have not been re-trained. The Government has been working on the long-term-care act for several years. In 2014 Act on long-term care, personal assistance and long-term care insurance was drafted but is not yet finalized. The Act will regulate both the LTC content (services) and the stable financing of the system. The Act will also regulate the area of personal assistance (which is defined as a form of community care) of those disabled persons, who fully depend on assistance of another person. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:32:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Security Act, 1992 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r09/predpis_ZAKO869.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Action Programme for People with Disabilities 2007 -2013: [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/en/legislation ) ) ) [25] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D3. Quality of social services [theme_slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services [theme_id] => 25 [contents] => There is no set standard for measuring the quality of social services specifically.The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities and the Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia operates as a social inspection in cases of service users complaints. The social inspection covers the work of public social protection institutes, concession holders and other legal entities and persons that provide social security services on the basis of a work permit. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:31:19 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => NGO Quality Standard presentation [url] => http://www.kakovosten-nvo.si/ ) ) ) [26] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home [theme_slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home [theme_id] => 26 [contents] => The assistive devices at home are mostly available for deaf and deaf-blind persons and for persons in need for car adaptation for driving and transport for physically disabled people. These rights are set out in the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities Act 2010 (Art. 17 and 21) and specified in the Rules on technical aids and adaptation of vehicles (Official Gazzette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 71, 2014). [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:30:50 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Rules on technical aids and adaptation of vehicles [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=PRAV12201 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Health Insurance Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://www.zzzs.si/zzzs/internet/zzzseng.nsf/o/A1BAF9E80E5B4A00C1256E890049616E ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Act on Equal Opportunities for People with Disabilities, 2010 [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=100876&part=&highlight=zimi ) ) ) [27] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes [theme_slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes [theme_id] => 27 [contents] => There is no law to assure independent living and personal assistance in the community. A draft of the Law on Personal Assistance was written during 2009 and passed public debate in 2010, but in September 2012 the Parliament rejected a proposed Personal Assistance Act, developed by an NGO called YHD (Association for Theory and Culture of Handicap). Some NGOs have personal assistance programmes which differ in the content and the level of the service users' autonomy. The personal assistants are mostly unemployed job seekers. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:30:00 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Long Terrm Insurance Act (still in public procedure) [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/ZDOZDO_uvod__cleni_in_obrazlozitve_-_12.03.2010.pdf ) ) ) [28] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D6. Income maintenance [theme_slug] => d6-income-maintenance [theme_id] => 28 [contents] => Benefits are regulated by different Acts, according to the disability status of the person in question. Cash benefits, according to the Pension and Disability Insurance Act (to which people who have had employment or who receive a pension, are entitled) are: Care allowance for those who need partial help in daily activities (cca €150; and for those who need help in most daily activities €288.78 /per month; for those for those who need 24 hour assistance €412.54 /per month).

When a person with disabilities is partially employed, then the amount of disability pension depends from the reasons why the disability happened, the length of paying into the insurance scheme and the age of the person. Considering these, the person with disabilities is eligible for between 20% up to 80% of full disability pension. Disability compensation allowance is for those who got injured at work (categorised as at least with a disability of 30%); for those injured outside the work place (categorised as at least 50% disabled).Cash benefits are paid according to the Social Care for Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons Act, 1983 (for those who are defined as incapable of independent living and work).

The Social Care Act was amended in 2010 (implemented 2011). The major change has been that any property and savings of person with disability are now considered in grant procedures. The exception is for people who have disability status under the Social Care of Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons Act 1983, and who are at the same time either under guardianship or whose parents have prolonged parental rights. There are also special Acts that determine benefits for war veterans and civil casualties of wars.Legislation concerning cash benefits changed in the beginning of the 2012 (Law on Enforcement of Public Funds, 2010), and the most important change that novelty brought is that any property and savings of person with disability will be considered in grant procedure. The result of this change was that a lower number of persons are eligible for such benefits and some people also decided to stop receiving some cash transfers from the state in the fear that their children will need to pay back to the state after their death. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:28:56 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Pension and Invalidity Insurance Act (ZPIZ1), 2010 [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/zpiz1_en.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Care of Mentally and Physically Disabled Persons Act, 1983 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r06/predpis_ZAKO1866.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Care Act [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r09/predpis_ZAKO869.html ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Care Transfers Act 2010 (in force 2011) [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=201061&stevilka=3350 ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Enforcement of Public Funds, 2010 came into force 1.1.2011 (Orig.:Zakona o uveljavljanju pravic iz javnih sredstev (ZUPJS), 62/2010 ) [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=201062&stevilka=3387 ) ) ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D7. Additional costs [theme_slug] => d7-additional-costs [theme_id] => 29 [contents] => The increased cost of living for people with disabilities is recognised and partially compensated for in the Child Care Allowance (Art. 80 of Parental Protection and Family Benefit Act of 2001). This is a benefit to which family is entitled to if the child with disability is not in residential institutional care. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Parental Protection and Family Benefit Act, 2001 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r00/predpis_ZAKO1430.html ) ) ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D8. Retirement income [theme_slug] => d8-retirement-income [theme_id] => 30 [contents] => People with disabilities who are above retirement age have the same income protection as before retirement age which means that they become disability pensioners. According to the Pension and invalidity Insurance Act the beneficiaries are persons who were at the time of injury or illness that caused disability insured by The Institute for Pension and Invalidity Insurance (employed, self-employed, farmers etc.). The Pension and Invalidity Insurance Act presents a definition of disability in article 60: ‘invalidity’ shall be ascertained if due to changes in health condition which cannot be reversed by treatment or by measures of medical rehabilitation and have been ascertained pursuant to the present Act, the capacity of an insured person to secure or keep a job or to advance in career has been reduced. ‘Invalidity’ is classified according to three categories. Category I – if an insured person has lost the capacity to engage in organized gainful employment or, if he suffers from occupational invalidity and has lost the remaining capacity for work. Category II – if an insured person’s capacity for work in the occupation he was trained for is impaired by 50% or more. Category III – if an insured person, after prior occupational rehabilitation or without such occupational rehabilitation, has lost the capacity to work full time, but is capable of working at a certain job on a half-time basis at the least, or , if an insured person’s capacity for work in the occupation he was trained for is impaired by less than 50% or he can continue to work in his occupation on a full-time basis, but he has lost the capacity for work at the job he has been assigned to. ‘Occupation he was trained for’ shall be considered to be work at a job to which an insured person has been assigned and all the jobs which correspond to his physical and mental capacities and for which he has acquired relevant qualifications, supplementary training and work experience required for particular works in accordance with laws or collective agreements. The causes of occurrence of invalidity are employment injury, occupational disease, illness or off-the-job injury. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:27:16 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Pension and Disability Insurance Act (Official Gazette, 109/2006). [url] => http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=2006109&stevilka=4646 ) ) ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E1. Special schools [theme_slug] => e1-special-schools [theme_id] => 32 [contents] => Placement of Children with Special Needs Act (2000) regulates placing children and young people with disabilities in different educational programmes including kindergartens and schools. Children and young people labelled as intellectually disabled in particular have no access to educational services offered to the general population.The additional regulations to the Placement of Children with Special Needs Act states that children with mild intellectual disabilities can only obtain lower educational standards, which in practice means that they are placed in special schools. People with moderate, severe and profound intellectual disabilities can only obtain special education in special units of institutions for children and young people with disabilities. In practice this means that they are most often sent to segregated facilities for special school education, which are run in institutions for children and young people with intellectual disabilities. These are known as ‘units for care and education’ (oddelki vzgoje in izobraževanja).

Children with intellectual disabilities may not be placed in mainstream schools because the ability to achieve the set educational standard for elementary school is the precondition for placement of the child in a mainstream school. Special elementary schools intended for children with sight impairments, hearing or speech impairment, or physical impairments are also organised as institutions and children can live in them during the week. The Primary School Law ensures that people with intellectual disability stay in the primary school until the age of 26 when they get enrolled in the sheltered workshops. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:26:39 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, 2000 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO2062.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on the organisation and methods of work of placement commissions for children with special needs and the criteria for determining the type and level of disadvantages, impairments and disabilities of children with special needs, 2003 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r04/predpis_PRAV4984.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs, 2006 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r06/predpis_PRAV6696.html ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Elementary School Act, 1996 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r08/predpis_ZAKO448.html ) ) ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E2. Mainstream schools [theme_slug] => e2-mainstream-schools [theme_id] => 33 [contents] => Some groups of children (although not those with intellectual disabilities) who are labelled as having special needs have been in the last decade more often than before sent to mainstream schools because of an inclusion and integration paradigm. The Placement of Children with Special Needs Act defines children with special needs as: children with intellectual disabilities, blind and partially sighted children, deaf and hearing impaired children, children who have speech disorders, children with physical disabilities, long term ill children, children with deficiencies in specific areas of learning and children with emotional and behavioural problems, who need adapted implementation of educational programmes with additional expert help, adapted educational programmes or special programmes of education. In accordance with the Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, the Placement Commissions are responsible for the assessment of all children with special needs and for making placement decisions on the type of school each child should attend. Upon a recommendation made by Placement Commission, the National Education Institute (orig.: Zavod za šolstvo) issues a written order of placement. The Placement Commission is extremely important as its written order of placement determines the educational programme child is allowed to attend and the type of the educational institution (specific kindergarten, school or institution). When relevant it specifies also the extent, method and form of additional expert support; technical aids, equipment and spatial requirements that need to be provided; a right to part time or full time assistance for physical help for a child with physical disability; a reduction of the number of children in class; the time frame for the next evaluation; and possibly other rights. Article 11 states that children with special needs should have proper conditions for education. Parents or legal guardians have, according to The Primary Schools Act, the right to enrol their child to a public school in a school district where they live, and school is obliged to accept the child. For children with special needs there is a limitation in Art. 49 of the Act, which states that parents have a right to enrol a child with special needs to a school in their school district, except if this school does not meet the conditions of child’s needs, in this case the placement commission names a school to which the child will be enrolled. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, 2000 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO2062.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on the organisation and methods of work of placement commissions for children with special needs and the criteria for determining the type and level of disadvantages, impairments and disabilities of children with special needs, 2003 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r04/predpis_PRAV4984.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs, 2006 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r06/predpis_PRAV6696.html ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Elementary School Act, 1996 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r08/predpis_ZAKO448.html ) ) ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school [theme_slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school [theme_id] => 34 [contents] => Article 4 of the Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs states that blind and visually impaired children and deaf and hearing impaired children may get up to 5 hours of additional expert help in first placement order for elementary school, and up to three hours in later placements (higher classes and high school) or in kindergarten. Article 5 of the same Regulations allows for additional expert help for blind and partially sighted children and allows one extra hour for kindergartens, the last third (classes from 7-9) of elementary school and secondary education, and three more hours for children in elementary school (classes from 1 – 6). This right is usually implemented in a form of group work in premises of School for blind. There is no such provision for children who are deaf or who have severe hearing impairments. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs, 2006 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r06/predpis_PRAV6696.html ) ) ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E4. Vocational training [theme_slug] => e4-vocational-training [theme_id] => 35 [contents] => The Action Programme for Persons with Disabilities 2007-2013 recognises the fact that children and adults with disabilities are less integrated and have lower level of education; in particular it states: ‘[…] their share in secondary and higher education structures is particularly low. Inclusion in secondary and higher education is a challenge for equal opportunities for persons with disabilities within the whole educational system [..].’ Measures that should take place in order to change that, are general and include, among others, the need for a more accessible built environment, access to accessible study literature, a right to an interpreter, access to an induction loop, etc. After completing primary education, children and young people with disabilities may receive secondary education or vocational education or training. At secondary education level, children with special needs are included in adapted programmes of secondary general or vocational education with additional expert help. Besides the right to additional expert help (max. 3 hours per week), organisation of the learning process at secondary level might include: personal assistance in school, a lower number of pupils in a class, use of adapted learning aids and adapted study materials. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:04 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Action Programme for Persons with Disabilities 2007-2013 (2006) [url] => http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/api_07_13.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulations on additional professional and physical help for the children and youth with special needs, 2006 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r06/predpis_PRAV6696.html ) ) ) [36] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E5. Higher education [theme_slug] => e5-higher-education [theme_id] => 36 [contents] => The Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, states in Art. 3 that: ’Students at university programmes should have additional equipment ensured in concordance with university statute.’ In practice this means that universities themselves, in their regulations, state the extent to which they will meet the needs of disabled students and which rights they will grant. The student whose access to higher education is limited has no legal ground for claiming discrimination in education. According to the Statute of the University of Ljubljana, students with disabilities have a right to take exams outside the regular exam period, and can progress to a higher class even if they have not fulfilled all conditions. The Statute of the University of Maribor states that students with disabilities have a right to adaptations in classes, practical work and exams. How this right will be implemented is up to the particular faculty unit of the University. Technical aid is regulated under Health Insurance Rules, and can be obtained under their procedures and conditions. Students with disabilities do not have any specific or additional rights, because of their student status. Some adaptations and equipment are available to members of The Association of the Students with Disabilities (an NGO), and they provide services like the use of computers, copying, scanning, printing of materials, large-printing and making audio files of study materials. Universities gather their own data on students with disabilities and/or special needs, but overall data are missing. Different sources report different data of the number of students in tertiary education. The issues are also:

-in some statistics only those who are formally categorized as invalids/disabled are counted;

-some statistics report about the students with special needs which is a broader category than the “invalids”;

-some students who were categorized in the past as “children with special needs”, or “secondary school pupils with special needs” decide to renounce of the disability status and despite of the actual impairment fall out of any statistics and get no support from the state. Each university has its own regulations in this area. Most of the universities require the official document of disability or the written order issued by the Institute for Education of the Republic of Slovenia in order for the person to get some special treatment. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:25:41 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Association of the Students with Disabilities [url] => http://dsis-drustvo.si/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Placement of Children with Special Needs Act, 2000: [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r02/predpis_ZAKO2062.html ) ) ) [38] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment [theme_slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment [theme_id] => 38 [contents] => Article 1 of the Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act of 2004 describes the Act as the foundation for equal treatment of every person who puts into force his or her rights and obligations and wants to fulfil fundamental freedom in all aspects of social life especially in the area of employment, working relations, inclusion in trade unions and civil organisations, education, social protection, access to goods and services regardless of the personal circumstances of the person such as nationality, race, ethnicity, gender, health conditions, disability, language, religious and other belief, age, sexual orientation, educational level, wealth, social status and other personal circumstances. Article 3 of the same Act forbids discrimination and victimisation in all areas which are mentioned in the Article 1. Article 14 of the Slovene Constitution states: ‘In Slovenia everyone shall be guaranteed equal human rights and fundamental freedoms irrespective of national origin, race, sex, language, religion, political, or other conviction, material standing, birth, education, social status, invalidity, or any other personal circumstance.’ The term ‘Invalidity’ as a circumstance was added in 2004. The National Action Programme on Disability 2007 – 2013 includes general principles and obligations deriving from international and national documents in this area. Goals set in them are: increasing the number of employed persons with disabilities and thus reducing social transfers; allowing people with disabilities to get and retain employment and to build a career in the area they were trained and educated in; to improve working conditions and to reduce accidents at work; to provide support, services, adaptations, access and technical aids, that will allow efficient work to be done by people with disabilities. The introduction of the quota system in 2006 was an important change in the area of employment of people with disabilities. It means an obligation of employers to employ disabled people or to pay a fine to the Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Disabled People. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Implementation of the Principle of Equal Treatment Act, 2004. [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r08/predpis_ZAKO3908.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment: of Disabled Persons Act, 2004 [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r01/predpis_ZAKO3841.html ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Disabled People [url] => http://www.svzi.gov.si/ ) ) ) [39] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F2. Public employment services [theme_slug] => f2-public-employment-services [theme_id] => 39 [contents] => Employment Service of Slovenia is a national service with regional offices. For job-seekers with disabilities, the Employment Service offers rehabilitation counseling, which is a special form of career counseling, involving providing information on the rights of people with disabilities, identifying and analyzing the needs of a person in employment, as well as preparing an assessment of the employment possibilities for the person with disabilities. After a person is assessed by a rehabilitation committee, they can become included in vocational rehabilitation: together with a rehabilitation counselor, they make a rehabilitation plan, which defines the goals of the vocational rehabilitation, form and duration of service and a method of monitoring. Rehabilitation plan is continuously edited with the reports of providers of vocational rehabilitation, team meetings and further consultations. The rehabilitation counseling is concluded with an assessment of employment possibilities of the individual.

There are 58 offices of the Employment Service of Slovenia (Office for Work) across Slovenia, and one central office in Ljubljana. In four urban areas there are also centers for informing and professional counseling (CIPS) – In Ljubljana, Koper, Maribor and Murska Sobota, 17 information sites of CIPS and 9 information points across Slovenia. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:24:26 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r01/predpis_ZAKO3841.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Employment Service of Slovenia: [url] => http://english.ess.gov.si/ ) ) ) [40] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F3. Workplace adaptations [theme_slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations [theme_id] => 40 [contents] => Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act gives a formal right for support in the open labour market, called 'supported employment' (Art. 48). Workplace adaptation is a right of a disabled person who completed vocational rehabilitation procedure marked as suitable for supported employment. Workplace adaptation is regulated under pension and disability insurance (if the disability has been acquired while the person was in employment). In 2012, the Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute received 21 requests for adaptations of the workplace (the same as in 2011) by 16 employers. The amounts of adaptations were from €149 to €6550.26 and all together amounted to €32,273.55. (data: Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute). [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:23:42 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Pension and Disability Insurance Act [url] => http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r01/predpis_ZAKO1431.html ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO3841 ) ) ) [41] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F4. Financial incentives [theme_slug] => f4-financial-incentives [theme_id] => 41 [contents] => According to the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act (2004), employers who employ more persons with disabilities than they are obliged to according to the quota regulation, are entitled to two different sorts of employment incentives: a reward for exceeding the quota (25% of minimum wage for each person with disability above the quota obligation) (Art. 75) and exclusion from payment of pension and disability insurance (for each person with disability above the quota obligation) (Art. 74). [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:21:50 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Persons with Disabilities [url] => http://www.svzi.gov.si/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act [url] => http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO3841 ) ) ) [43] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G1. Official research [theme_slug] => g1-official-research [theme_id] => 43 [contents] => There are no official research institutes or departments responsible only for research on disability equality and the collection of data and statistics. There are research bodies which occasionally do research on disability upon a request by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Education which funds research projects. These research institutions are: the Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (financed by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs); the Educational Research Institute (Financed by the Ministry of Education); the Faculty of Social Work (research on disability funded by the National Research Institute of the RS) and the Faculty of Education (funded by the Ministry of Education and the National Research Institute of the RS). All of these research bodies are funded additionally by the EU research funds when they are successful with tenders (for the European Social Fund for instance). Statistical data are collected by different bodies and a there is no common collection of statistical data and other relevant information. These bodies are: the Directorate of Invalids, which is part of the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs, the Foundation for Promotion of Employment of Disabled People, the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, Pension and Invalidity Insurance Institute, the Employment Service of the Republic of Slovenia and the Institute of Heath Protection of the Republic of Slovenia. The University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, an entirely medically oriented institution, has been involved in several international research projects: Multimodal Immersive Motion Rehabilitation with Interactive Cognitive Systems (MIMICS) EU 7FP ICT; Multidisciplinary Research Network on Health and Disability in Europe (MURINET) EU 035794-1; Slovenia-Austria 2007-2013: TrainProCoop. Training of staff for the integration of people with disabilities; Leonardo da Vinci: EOF – European Outplacement Framework; Leonardo da Vinci : Equabench; Leonardo da Vinci – development of innovation; ACTrain; and Outcome Measurement in Medical Rehabilitation (European Platform for Rehabilitation (EPR). [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://www.irssv.si/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Educational Research Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://193.2.222.157/Default.aspx ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Faculty of Social work, University of Ljubljana [url] => http://www.fsd.uni-lj.si/ ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana [url] => http://www.pef.uni-lj.si/index.php?id=12 ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Institute of the Heath Protection of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://www.ivz.si/o_institutu ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://ibmi.mf.uni-lj.si/rehabilitacija ) ) ) [44] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G2. Census data [theme_slug] => g2-census-data [theme_id] => 44 [contents] => There is census research that is carried out once in a decade. There are no questions on disability included in the census. The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia is responsible for yearly statistics collection; they are all available on the internet. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:05 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (data portal) [url] => http://www.stat.si/pxweb/Dialog/statfile2.asp ) ) ) [45] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G3. Labour Force Survey [theme_slug] => g3-labour-force-survey [theme_id] => 45 [contents] => There is a Labour Force Survey in Slovenia. In 2011 one of the additional modules that has been added to the existing pool of information, was the Employment of people with disabilities, as suggested by the European Commission. For this purpose Slovenia received additional financial support from European funds. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:20:57 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Labour Force Survey Slovenia 2014 [url] => http://www.stat.si/statweb/en/show-news?id=5121 ) ) ) [46] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G4. Disability equality indicators [theme_slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators [theme_id] => 46 [contents] => There are no disability equality indicators based on public data sources. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( ) ) [48] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H1. Awareness raising programs [theme_slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs [theme_id] => 48 [contents] => National sources most often mention the University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia as most active in awareness raising and education of different professionals in the area of disability. However, they are entirely medically- oriented, as demonstrated by their journal ‘Rehabilitation’ and by training activities they do. The content of activities is almost entirely focused on diagnosis, treatments, assistive devices and their practical uses as well as the use of the medical classification functioning scale in Slovenia. The training is done by professionals and disabled professionals who belong to and identify themselves with the traditional invalid organisations. The analysis of all 7 Numbers of the Journal since 2008 shows that none of the contributions deal with equality, awareness raising but with medical rehabilitation of limbs and other bodily parts. The University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia got funds in 2009 from the EU for projects such as: informing and training the public in order to increase the employability of people with disabilities; information about international regulation of employment of people with disabilities; information about the management of projects in the area of employment; a Publication: What do employees need to know about employment of people with disabilities: from tax reductions towards the European regulations; International Mobility Project Leonardo da Vinci with the title: ‘The increase of the competencies of tutors, policy makers and other stakeholders for better employability of people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups’. They also ran 12 workshops on the above mentioned topics with the local Employment services with around 600 staff members participating in the workshops. The Institution for primary education for children with intellectual disabilities (Zavod za usposabljanje Janez Levec) has since 2007 organised a festival called ‘Play with me,’ which is an awareness raising programme for the visibility of children with special needs and cooperation between children with disabilities and non-disabled children. In 2008 they were awarded for the festival with the Hanndinov (Hanndicap inovation) by the EU. The Ministry of Health in 2009 published an awareness raising publication ‘Directions for a holistic treatment of persons with the disturbances of autistic spectrum’. The Ministry of Health has also in 2009 and 2010 funded several workshops with a focus on awareness raising for young people in the area such like: Pedagogical workshops for young people 5-TIMES STOP IS COOL; a World day of commemorating the victims of car accidents; Independent living for people with a chronic inflammation of the intestine; Living with incontinence a full life in society. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( ) ) [49] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H2. Training for teachers [theme_slug] => h2-training-for-teachers [theme_id] => 49 [contents] => The Faculty of Education of the University of Ljubljana has one department that is specifically focused on people with disabilities: the Department for Special Education. There are some lecturers who focus on inclusion of children with special needs. Partially, awareness raising is part of formal training. At other departments like the Department of Social Education, Department of Pre-School Education and Department of Primary School Education there are some topics which can be defined as the awareness raising in the area of people with disability. Awareness raising teaching is limited to understanding the ‘differences of children and adults with disabilities’ and ‘special needs’, but not equality and diversity. In 2011 one disabled people’s organisation was involved in teaching on two programmes at the Faculty, each time 2 hours: Department for Special Education (module: Developmental Psychology) and Department of Social Pedagogy (module: Developmental psychology). The topics of the 2 hours teaching were ‘independent living’ and the ‘support for social inclusion of children with special needs in schools’. The disabled people’s organisation carried out the teaching voluntarily without payment. This is an irregular involvement which is a result of personal relationships between lecturers and disability activists, but is not a systemic part of higher education. The Association of organisations for the vocational training for people with special needs (Skupnost organizacij za usposabljanje oseb s posebnimi potrebami, SOUS) in cooperation with the Organisation of special and rehabilitation educators of Slovenia (Društvo specialnih in rehabilitacijskih pedagogov Slovenije) organised in 2009 training with different professionals who work in special schools, institutions and mainstream education with children with special needs. The subject was ‘Violence as a topic – violence in kindergartens, schools and in special institutions for people with disabilities’. The same Association of organisations for the vocational training for people with special needs (Skupnost organizacij za usposabljanje oseb s posebnimi potrebami, SOUS) has received funding from the European Social Fund 2008- 2011 for professional education in care and education for people with special needs. Additional money was given by the Ministry of Education, which funded a 3 year project: ‘Education of professional workers for a successful inclusion of children and young people with special needs in education.’ Workers in education are supposed to get 56 hours of training. In 2009 there were 2440 professionals involved in the training who worked in kindergartens, schools and in special education. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana [url] => http://www.pef.uni-lj.si/index.php?id=12 ) ) ) [50] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H3. Training for lawyers [theme_slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers [theme_id] => 50 [contents] => At the Faculty of Law at the University of Ljubljana which is the biggest among the three law faculties in Slovenia disability awareness/equality issues is not part of the formal training. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers. There is no knowledge that in any other faculties of law such training exists. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana [url] => http://www.pf.uni-lj.si/en/ ) ) ) [51] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H4. Training for doctors [theme_slug] => h4-training-for-doctors [theme_id] => 51 [contents] => There is no special training on disability awareness/equality issues in the initial medical training for doctors. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana [url] => http://www.mf.uni-lj.si/vsebina/menu1/468 ) ) ) [52] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H5. Training for engineers [theme_slug] => h5-training-for-engineers [theme_id] => 52 [contents] => At the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Ljubljana (the only educational institution of this type) disability awareness/equality issues are not part of the formal training. Disabled people’s organisations are not involved as trainers. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:21:06 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Faculty of Engineering [url] => http://www3.fgg.uni-lj.si/ ) ) ) [53] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H6. International development aid [theme_slug] => h6-international-development-aid [theme_id] => 53 [contents] => Since 2009 109 children from Gaza were offerend rehabilitation by the University Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia. Each year between 20 - 30 disabled children come for a couple of weeks at the rehabilitation center. The project is financed by the Ministry of Foreing Affairs and is currently called »The Rehabilitation of the victims of the conflict from Gaza and the support for the development of capacities in Gaza 2014-2015'. In 2010 The Directorate of Invalids gave a positive assessment for few bilateral projects between Slovenia and Croatia in the area of disability which seems to be mainly financed by IPA (the instrument for pre-accession assistance of the EU) and partially by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs in order to support the neighbouring country with knowledge and collaboration (personal inquiry; communication with Saša Mlakar, Under Secretary at The Directorate of Invalids; 28. 06. 2011). The positive assessment of the projects was based on the national strategy IPA Slovenia – Croatia 2007-2013. [update_date] => 2015-06-09 12:19:58 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Rehabilitation of youngsters from Gaza in Slovenia (11. December, 2014), Ministry of Foreign Affairs [url] => http://www.mzz.gov.si/nc/si/medijsko_sredisce/novica/article/65/34471/8833ee08933ce126df7e157defa5a90a/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Children from Gaza again to Slovenia for rehabilitation; Dnevnik Daily, 13. 10. 2009 [url] => http://www.dnevnik.si/novice/zdravje/1042306576 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Slovenia-Croatia IPA Cross-border Co-operation Programme 2007-2013 [url] => http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/09/24&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Foundation of Dr. Danilo Turk [url] => http://www.fundacija-danilaturka.org/projekti/rehabilitacija_otrok_zrtev_vojne_v_gazi ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://www.ir-rs.si/sl/Informacija_javnega_znacaja/ ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [title] => In English: Rehabilitation Institute of the Republic of Slovenia [url] => http://www.ir-rs.si/en/ ) ) ) ) ) ) )